托福听力考试解题过程中,其实无论是什么题型,大家都要紧密的练习上下文,这样才能够帮助我们找到更准确的答案。那么具体的这部分到底应该如何备考?怎么更好的提高听力分数?下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  一、判断题型:

  在托福考试中,连接内容题的出现频率其实并不高,但是,它最大的问题是难度比较大,需要考生透彻理解某一段甚至整篇文章的意思,考查考生对上下文信息及其关系的理解能力。因此接下来,笔者总结了连接内容题常见的问法,拿到题目先判断题型,在对应笔记上记录的考点做题,会让考生取得更为理想的成绩。

  According to the professor, what does X demonstrate?

  What comparison does the professor make between A and B ?

  What is the likely outcome of doing procedure X before procedure Y?

  What can be inferred about X?

  What does the professor imply about X?

  考生们由以上可以看出,连接内容题更加注重考查文章的整体结构、事件步骤、流程、定义和术语等,考生一定要准确捕捉相关信息。并且,文章内部的各观点关系有可能是明确指出的,或者需要考生根据听到的内容进行一定的推测。

  通常会以填表题或者事件排序题的形式出现.

  二.信号词和考点梳理:

  那么判断好题型之后,就可以对应笔记找答案做题了。那么准确的记录笔记就显得尤为重要,我们需要了解常考的信号词考点位置,用来预测考题。以下总结的是托福听力中的连接内容题的信号词和常见考点。

  1. 在此类题型中,最简单的是听力文章中含有明显顺序词的,如下:

  and, also, then, next, what’s more, furthermore, additionally, in addition, another, other, others, plus, on top of that, besides, not only...but also, at last, last but not the least, above all, all in all, to sum up, in one word, on the whole, finally, first, second, ok, now, anyway, back up, back up to your question, what happened was...

  有以上明显信号词的文章,考生需要弄清事件发展的顺序或者事物发展的步骤。

  2. 还有一些题目是没有明显顺序词提示的,需要通过词汇的含义、逻辑关系、强调信息和比较关系等对文章进行合理的推断。常见信号词如下:

  ①因果关系:because, because of, since, as, for, due to, the reason is, that’s why, by reason of, owing to, so, thus, therefore, as a result, thereby, consequently,hence, so that...

  ②转折关系:but, however, whereas, nevertheless, while, in fact, actually, as a matter of fact, to tell you the truth, virtually, although, though...

  ③强调:强调句it is ...that..., 助动词单独使用表示强调, really等语气重读, important, key, not...but, just to do/just because,in fact/actually, 主语从句what...is..., especially, again, only

  ④比较关系:different, distinctive, compare, advantage,disadvantage,not equal, We should not confuse A and B, distinction, contrast, unlike, in contrast to, differently, differ, on the other hand, instead, same, similar, equal, alike, resemble, likewise, 比较级

  总之,没有明显顺序信号词的文章,考生们在听的过程中需要结合对文章的理解,捕捉以上这些信号词,记录它们后面的内容。

  三、案例分析

  下面我们来看一道例题:

  E.G.TPO 13 Lecture 3:

  According to the professor, what is true about the hero in chanson poetry and the hero in romance poetry?

  Choose the correct box for each phrase.

  听力原文①:

  But we are pretty sure about who the Chanson poems were written for. That is---they were written for the knights and the lords---the nobility that they served. The poems were song performed by a minstrel, a singer who travelled from castle to castle, singing to its local lord and its knights. Ah…well, would someone summarize the main features of the Chanson poems you read?

  Student:

  Well, there’s a hero, and a knight, who goes to battle, and he is inspired for his courage, bravery and loyalty, loyalty to the royalty serves, his country and his fellow warriors in the field. He’s a, he has a, he’s a skilled fighter, willing to face the most extreme dangers, sacrificial, willing that sacrifice anything and everything to protect his king and country.

  Professor:

  Ok, now be given that the intended audiences for these poems were knights and lords. What can we say about the purpose of Chanson poetry? What kinds of feelings were it meant to provoke?

  Student:

  I guess they must been really appealing to those knights and lords who were listening to them. Hearing the songs probably made them feel more patriotic, made them feel like a good noble thing to serve their countries, and whatever way they could.

  分析:

  首先考生要理清楚lecture的常见考点,例如在以上听力中,很明显是师生问答环节,此时必出考题。其次,如果文章中出现重复信息,那么也会考题。并且,听力文章中的第三方也是很重要的考点,尤其是要关注专有名词或者专业名词。最后,通过判断题型得知,这是一个连接内容题,以表格题的形式呈现,应该对应该题型的考点。本文中有很多并列关系,用了and作为提示。那么接下来再从上面截取的段落分析本题,在开头就出现了定位词Chanson poems,表示接下来要讲到香颂诗了,后面说到了香颂诗里面hero的特点,都是为了维护君主lord/kings和国家country的利益,对主人、对国家、对战士们忠诚loyal,并且不断的重复和用and连接并列成分,所以考生就找到考点记录笔记了。因此这部分得出答案A,C。

  听力原文②:

  The other poem is an example what’s called Romance Poetry. And the hero in the romance poems was also in knight. But what made the knight in Romance Poetry different from the knight in Chanson poetry. Well, first the purpose of the hero’s actions was different. The hero in the Romance Poetry is independent, purely solitary in a way, not like the Chanson poet who was always surrounded by his fighting companions. He doesn’t engage in the conflict to protect his lords or country. He does it for the sake of adventure, to improve himself, to show his worthy of respect and love for his lady.

  分析:

  从开头部分的the other/and/also/first等明显的信号词提示,可以得知听力文章已经过渡到了下一个话题Romance poetry,并且后面接着出现了转折关系信号词but和比较关系different from等,然后是一些评价性的形容词independent/solitary,说明浪漫主义诗歌人物是相对独立的,不参与保护君主和国家,他们更注重的是探险,提高自己和自己的爱人。因此B里面有原文原词adventure,正确。D里面有individual,可以同义替换原文中的independent,正确。

  四、总结

  考生们在听力考试的过程中一定要按照考点记录笔记,遇到有明显信号词的地方要用序号做好标记,这样,当大家遇到表格题和排序题的时候就可以迎刃而解了。

  以上就是关于“托福听力题型解题要连接上下文”的内容,希望通过本篇文章的学习,对大家的考试有更好的帮助,也希望大家能够在考试中取得优异的成绩,早日实现留学梦想!更多精彩内容,敬请关注本频道的更新!


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