According to the professor, what does X demonstrate?
What comparison does the professor make between A and B ?
What is the likely outcome of doing procedure X before procedure Y?
What can be inferred about X?
What does the professor imply about X?
and, also, then, next, what’s more, furthermore, additionally, in addition, another, other, others, plus, on top of that, besides, not only...but also, at last, last but not the least, above all, all in all, to sum up, in one word, on the whole, finally, first, second, ok, now, anyway, back up, back up to your question, what happened was...
①因果关系：because, because of, since, as, for, due to, the reason is, that’s why, by reason of, owing to, so, thus, therefore, as a result, thereby, consequently，hence, so that...
②转折关系：but, however, whereas, nevertheless, while, in fact, actually, as a matter of fact, to tell you the truth, virtually, although, though...
③强调：强调句it is ...that..., 助动词单独使用表示强调, really等语气重读, important, key, not...but, just to do/just because,in fact/actually, 主语从句what...is..., especially, again, only
④比较关系：different, distinctive, compare, advantage,disadvantage,not equal, We should not confuse A and B, distinction, contrast, unlike, in contrast to, differently, differ, on the other hand, instead, same, similar, equal, alike, resemble, likewise, 比较级
E.G.TPO 13 Lecture 3:
According to the professor, what is true about the hero in chanson poetry and the hero in romance poetry?
Choose the correct box for each phrase.
But we are pretty sure about who the Chanson poems were written for. That is---they were written for the knights and the lords---the nobility that they served. The poems were song performed by a minstrel, a singer who travelled from castle to castle, singing to its local lord and its knights. Ah…well, would someone summarize the main features of the Chanson poems you read?
Well, there’s a hero, and a knight, who goes to battle, and he is inspired for his courage, bravery and loyalty, loyalty to the royalty serves, his country and his fellow warriors in the field. He’s a, he has a, he’s a skilled fighter, willing to face the most extreme dangers, sacrificial, willing that sacrifice anything and everything to protect his king and country.
Ok, now be given that the intended audiences for these poems were knights and lords. What can we say about the purpose of Chanson poetry? What kinds of feelings were it meant to provoke?
I guess they must been really appealing to those knights and lords who were listening to them. Hearing the songs probably made them feel more patriotic, made them feel like a good noble thing to serve their countries, and whatever way they could.
The other poem is an example what’s called Romance Poetry. And the hero in the romance poems was also in knight. But what made the knight in Romance Poetry different from the knight in Chanson poetry. Well, first the purpose of the hero’s actions was different. The hero in the Romance Poetry is independent, purely solitary in a way, not like the Chanson poet who was always surrounded by his fighting companions. He doesn’t engage in the conflict to protect his lords or country. He does it for the sake of adventure, to improve himself, to show his worthy of respect and love for his lady.
从开头部分的the other/and/also/first等明显的信号词提示，可以得知听力文章已经过渡到了下一个话题Romance poetry，并且后面接着出现了转折关系信号词but和比较关系different from等，然后是一些评价性的形容词independent/solitary，说明浪漫主义诗歌人物是相对独立的，不参与保护君主和国家，他们更注重的是探险，提高自己和自己的爱人。因此B里面有原文原词adventure，正确。D里面有individual，可以同义替换原文中的independent，正确。