托福阅读的基础备考阶段,大家也要进行一些具体的文章练习。但是通常这类文章的考试难度比较小,比较适合大家初期的复习备考。那么具体的这些文章内容是什么?如何更好的备考练习?下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  In seventeenth-century colonial North America, all day-to-day cooking was done in the fireplace. Generally large, fireplaces were planned for cooking as well as for warmth. Those in the Northeast were usually four or five feet high, and in the South, they were often high enough for a person to walk into. A heavy timber called the mantel tree was used as a lintel to support the stonework above the fireplace opening. This timber might be scorched occasionally, but it was far enough in front of the rising column of heat to be safe from catching fire.

  Two ledges were built across from each other on the inside of the chimney. On these rested the ends of a lug pole from which pots were suspended when cooking. Wood from a freshly cut tree was used for the lug pole, so it would resist heat, but it had to be replaced frequently because it dried out and charred, and was thus weakened. Sometimes the pole broke and the dinner fell into the fire. When iron became easier to obtain, it was used instead of wood for lug poles, and later fireplaces had pivoting metal rods to hang pots from.

  Beside the fireplace and built as part of it was the oven. It was made like a small, secondary fireplace with a flue leading into the main chimney to draw out smoke. Sometimes the door of the oven faced the room, but most ovens were built with the opening facing into the fireplace. On baking days (usually once or twice a week) a roaring fire of oven wood, consisting of brown maple sticks, was maintained in the oven until its walls were extremely hot. The embers were later removed, bread dough was put into the oven, and the oven was sealed shut until the bread was fully baked.

  Not all baking was done in a big oven, however. Also used was an iron bake kettle, which looked like a stewpot on legs and which had an iron lid. This is said to have worked well when it was placed in the fireplace, surrounded by glowing wood embers, with more embers piled on its lid.

  1. Which of the following aspects of domestic life in colonial North America does the passage

  mainly discuss?

  A methods of baking bread

  B fireplace cooking

  C the use of iron kettles in a typical kitchen

  D the types of wood used in preparing meals

  2. The author mentions the fireplaces built in the South to illustrate

  A how the materials used were similar to the materials used in northeastern fireplaces

  B that they served diverse functions

  C that they were usually larger than northeastern fireplaces

  D how they were safer than northeastern fireplaces

  以上就是关于“托福基础阅读文章练习”的内容,希望通过上述内容的学习,让大家更好地备考考试,小编在这里预祝大家在考试中有更好的发挥,拿到高分成绩,如果大家在备考中有什么疑问,也可以咨询我们的在线老师哟~~~


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