托福词汇部分的积累练习,也要讲究一定的方法策略。那么是日常的备考复习中,比较常见的就是词根词缀积累方法。具体的重点的词根词缀内容都有哪些?为了让大家更好的积累背诵,下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  大量,富裕,奢华(注意程度)

  profuse, exuberant, lavish, luxuriant, opulent, affluence,plethora

  缺乏,贫穷

  scarcity, insufficiency, want, meager, scant, scarceness, penury, poverty, indigent(indigenous,)

  坏的,堕落的

  immoral vicious evil wicked reprobate iniquitous debased, corrupted, depraved, perverted, vitiated

  deterioration(恶化堕落) turpitude

  奉承 赞美(注意褒贬)

  Praise accolade eulogy encomium, panegyric, tribute

  compliment flatter

  panegyric

  谴责 辱骂(注意程度)

  scold, reprove, chide, monish;rebuke, reprimand, reprehend blame, censure, condemn, denounce, denunciate, reprobate reproach,, berate, lash, rail, rate, revile, upbraid aspersion obloquy diatribe abuse aversion antipathy disinclination culpable despicable该受谴责的

  机警的

  alert wary gulled duped 受骗的

  陈腐

  trite bathetic, cliche, commonplace, hackneyed, shopworn, threadbare, timeworn

  逃避

  duck, parry, shirk, equivocate escape, avoid, elude, eschew avert

  inevitable ineluctable, ineludible, inescapable, inevasible(不可避免的)

  平息抚慰:

  appease conciliate assuage mollify placate propitiate

  inalienable(不可剥夺的),implacable(无法平息的)

  阻挠,抑制:

  frustrate;obstruct;thwart;impede;forestall,prohibit,stymie

  attenuate, blunt, cripple, debilitate, disable, enfeeble, undermine

  缩减

  wick taper diminish abridge dwindle curtail retrench wane truncate

  延长,加强

  extend, draw, elongate, lengthen, prolongate, protract, stretch, aggravate(恶化), enhance, , magnify, intensify

  证实

  embody,materialize, confirm, authenticate, corroborate,verify substantiate,verify validate

  支持

  buttress support, bolster, brace, prop, sustain, uphold

  反对 反抗

  affront confront oppose challenge defy reject taunt(嘲弄) tout(极力赞扬)

  蔑视

  neglect, discount,, ignore, overlook, overpass, slight,disregard

  scoff, fleer, gibe, gird, jeer, jest, sneer, flout, scorn,mock, taunt,ridicule

  讽刺

  sarcasm satire satirize lampoon burlesque spoof parody caustic

  caricature revue

  尊重

  honor, reverence, deference, homage

  可怕的,敬畏的

  redoubtable,awe(注意词性)formidable

  正直的

  sincerity probity integrity wholesomeness upright

  真的,诚实的

  Genuine authentic ingenuous veracity candor

  天真的

  natural ,artless, naive, unaffected, unsophisticated, ingenuous

  假的,伪善的

  mendacious Poseur hypocritical spuriousness bogus sanctimonious simulation(伪造) fabricate apocryphal chicanery(诡计多端)

  狡猾 sly artful, astute, crafty, cunning, foxy, guileful, subtle, tricky

  欺骗

  Fraudulent hoax cheat, defraud, swindle, deceive, (credulous, gullible) coax(哄骗) guile(狡猾)

  伪装

  camouflage, dissemble, dissimulate, mask,disguise

  使不安

  agitate, bother, discombobulate, dismay, disquiet, disturb, upset, discompose

  善变的

  稳定的持久

  diurnal, durable, enduring, perdurable, stable permanent perennial perpetuate sedentary

  短暂的

  ephemeral, evanescent, fleeting, impermanent, transitory, volatile, transient linger(逗留) malinger(装病逃避工作)

  乱的

  声音

  安静的 镇静的

  serene placid, poised tranquil sedate staid composed placebo(安慰剂)

  精力充沛 热情

  emotional perfervid excitable zealot fervor, ardor, avid, enthusiasm, zeal effervesce vigorous

  ebullience animation verve vim

  无精打采 冷漠

  torpor lethargy , coma, dullness, languor, lassitude torpidity

  Apathetic(empathy, anthology anticipate antipathy), insipid,phlegmatic, stoic, stolid deadpan dull , obtuse(迟钝的) blase

  slouch, sluggishness indolence sloth(懒散懒惰)

  sluggard(懒鬼)

  slovenly,, disheveled, slipshod, sloppy, unkempt, untidy(邋遢的)

  fatigue languid/ phlegmatic(疲倦)

  dormant latent, abeyant, lurking, potential, prepatent, quiescent

  闲逛:

  amble, drift, linger, stroll, idle, saunter desultory(散漫)

  meander wander, ramble, roam, rove, stray, vagabond

  吵闹

  commotion , clamor, hassle, hubbub, turmoil, uproar turbulent(骚动的)

  boisterous, disorderly, rambunctious, raucous, tumultuous, unruly, din , hubbub

  小的 大的

  破旧 虚弱

  Decrepit feeble(enfeeble), fragile, lank frail, infirm, insubstantial, unsound rickety tattered

  threadbare shabby , dilapidated, dingy, faded wretched

  坚实 强壮

  sound valid hale,sound,robust, stalwart

  blighted(枯萎)

  贪婪的

  rapacious avaricious voracious, gluttonous, ravenous

  无形的 不能感知(触摸)的

  Intangible impalpable, imponderable, inappreciable(微不足道的), indiscernible, invisible(看不见的)tactile (触觉的)

  坚定

  resolute irresolute(犹豫不决) stalwart steadfast tenacious sturdy stout

  固执

  headstrong, intractable, intransigent, mulish, pertinacious,, pervicacious, refractory, stubborn, unpliable, unpliant, unyielding

  灵活 机敏

  Adroit acumen tact(机智 圆滑) adeptness dexterous lissome shrewd, astucious, astute, perspicacious, sagacious

  笨拙

  Tactless clumsy , awkward, lumbering, lumpish ungainly gaffe(社交失态)brash, impolitic, maladroit, undiplomatic, unpolitic, untactful

  改变

  turn , avert, deflect, divert, pivot, sheer, whirl, veer,convert (改变信仰)

  modify alter

  慷慨

  Largesse liberal, bounteous, freehanded, generous munificent

  吝啬

  mingy, miserly,niggard,parsimonious,penurious,stingy

  激励、

  prod roil(激怒) rouse(唤醒 唤起) arouse foment incite, abet, instigate, provoke, raise, stir up, abet,kindle

  使受挫

  chill, deject, dishearten, disparage, dispirit

  粗糙 粗俗

  surly, clownish, coarse, loutish, uncultured, tattered, unpolished, cacophony

  益

  salubrious wholesome beneficent beneficial/ salutary/

  害

  virulent deleterious noxious baleful toxic detrimental malign nefarious

  琐细的 微小的

  puny measly, niggling, paltry, piddling, trifling, trivial

  浪费

  spendthrift prodigal, profligate, squander, unthrift, wastrel

  节俭 朴素

  ascetic, spartan, frugal austere prudence, thrift, parsimonious(吝啬,贬义)

  BT词:antidote解毒药 anecdote轶事

  哀悼 伤心

  heartrending afflictive lamentable pensive woeful doleful condole pathetic wretched

  ruminative reflective plaintive museful(沉思)

  高兴

  exult rejoice

  奢华

  sensuous, epicurean, luscious, lush, luxurious, sensual,voluptuous

  简洁的

  Pithy laconic concise precise(精确地) succinct compendious, curt

  冗长

  wordy, diffuse, redundant, verbose, windy prolix

  忠诚

  fidelity

  背叛

  disloyal,, perfidious, traitorous,treacherous, turncoat

  旋绕 迂回

  Circuitous indirect, circular, oblique, roundabout,sinuous convoluted, flexuous, meandering, serpentine, tortuous

  害怕 懦弱

  cowardice cower craven pusillanimous gutless fawn, cringe, grovel

  勇敢

  bravado valorous intrepid plucky prowess , bold, courageous, dauntless, intrepid,valiant

  audacious

  脅迫

  intimidate browbeat bluster, bully, cow

  先天的

  indigenous innate , connatural, inherited, native, natural

  仁义的

  lenient gentle, balmy, bland, mild benign clement

  厚颜无耻

  brazen(黃銅)shameless, barefaced,brazenfaced, impudent, unabashed

  以上就是关于“托福词汇词根词缀重点积累”的内容,想要更好地申请留学,那么大家在备考的过程中,就要更好地提高我们的语言成绩,这样在我们之后的申请中才能有更大的帮助。小编也提前预祝大家能够取得高分成绩。


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