托福写作中,大家在使用词汇的过程中,也会有一些易混淆词汇的出现。那么这类内容对于大家的作文分数有一定的影响,所以在实际的备考中,大家就要全面的掌握这类问题。具体的应该如何复习备考?下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  容易混淆的词汇

  考生由于对形似、意近的词辨别不清,不知道他们各自的具体用法,而在托福写作中出现失误。比如,有的词虽然意思相同,但他们表达同一个意思的程度是不同的;有的英语单词的汉语意思相同,但他们所限定修饰的词、使用的范围或者连接的成分是不同的;有的单词的文体风格不同,有正式和非正式之分。

  要注意自己写文章的总体风格,在正式文体中避免使用非正式的语言。鉴于选词的难度,考生应在平时注意多查词典,注意其中所举得例句,在看英语材料时留心写作词汇的具体使用环境,并摘录一些自己能看明白但说不出的表达。

  1、Original: Bill Gates gives a definite answer that college education does count.

  Revised: Bill Gates gave a definitive answer: college education does count.

  Definite意思是“明确的”、“一定的”,指意思明确,不会误解;definitive也是“明确”的意思,但往往指“权威性、最后决定的”。此话出自比尔·盖茨之口,体现权威性,故将definite改为definitive。

  2、Original: …people may attend a university or college for various reasons...

  Revised: …people attend university or college for a multitude of reasons...

  此处将various改为短语a multitude of更为正式,体现人们读大学的原因很多。

  3、Original: The kinds of education that we got on school are formal and intense ones...

  Revised: The kinds of education that we receive at school is formal and of tentimes very intense.

  不必用kinds of education,直接用education(教育)即可;“受教育”不同get,改为receive;“在学校”不必用at school;把one去掉,用oftentimes very intense指出学校教育常常是非常严格的。

  4、Original: They can foster their interests in some fields to make life more colorful and meaningful.

  Revised: They can even pick up hobbies to make life more colorful and enjoyable.

  Foster their interests是“培养兴趣”,此处用pick up hobbies(开始各种各样的兴趣)更为合适;不同的兴趣是我们生活的调味剂,使我们的生活多姿多彩,乐趣无穷,把meaningful换成enjoyable,与colorful搭配更合适。

  5、Original: Needless to say, more employment means more income and less idle life, so that people can enjoy a better life and make investment in their future.

  Revised: Needless to say, more employment means income and less idle time, so that people can enjoy a better life and invest in their own futures.

  把idle life改为idle time更为合适,表示“闲散时间”;make investment可改为动词invest,与and前的动词enjoy词性一致;人们各自有自己的未来,故将in their future改为in their own futures。

  6、Original: Another important factor that contributes to the extension of life expectancy is the development of medical science.

  Revised: Another imortant factor that contributes to the rise in life expectancy is the development of medical science.

  “人的寿命的延长”可以表示为life extension,但是如果用life expectancy,则要用the increast of 或the rise in life expectancy。

  7、Original: the growth of life span.

  Revised: the rise in/increase of life span.

  Life span意思是“寿命”,growth指“生长,增长”,“寿命的延长”用growth不合适,life span“寿命的延长”可以用rise in/increase of/extension of.

  8、Original: energy saving

  Revised: energy efficiency

  Energy saving一般作定语,此处名词短语“节能”最好用energy efficiency。

  9、Original: with the increasing complicatedness of the job profile

  Revised: with the increasing complexity of the modern jor profile

  Complicatedness意思是“错综复杂”,但是这种错综复杂是有逻辑的;complexity也是“复杂”的意思,但这种复杂是杂乱无辜的,现代的工作情况用complexity较为合适。

  10、Original: Such experience will difinitely be helpful in children's later life.

  Revised: Such experience will benefit them later in life.

  Helpful是“提供帮助”的意思,而benefit是“使…受益”。这里作者想说的是孩子将来的人生会受益于这样的经历,用benefit合适,因为这样的经历不一定能对孩子将来的人生提供什么具体的帮助。

  11、Original: In my submission, people should sometimes do things that they do not enjoy doing.

  Revised: Because of these circumstances, I believe it is inevitable that people must do what they don't enjoy doing.

  In one's submission虽然也可以表示某人所持的观点,但是这是一种非常formal(正式)的表述,用在这里和整体文章的风格不太相符。

  以上就是关于“托福写作混淆词汇解析”的内容,希望通过上述内容的学习,让大家更好地备考考试,小编在这里预祝大家在考试中有更好的发挥,拿到高分成绩,如果大家在备考中有什么疑问,也可以咨询我们的在线老师哟~~~


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