333.1 To understand the truth of this, it is necessary to have a clear unsentimental picture of the way the schools were in the past. City schools were dull and dingy buildings, with classes of forty or more students common. Country schools were usually one-room affairs with children of widely varying age and ability taught at the same class. Few of the teachers had anywhere near as much education of any kind as most teachers today. The elementary school curriculum was pretty much limited to Chinese and arithmetic.
333.2 To understand the necessity of abolishing the entrance examination, it is necessary to analyze its weaknesses.Narrowly academic examinations are felt to be heavily weighed in favor of children who have had the advantage of highly-academic schools and academically biased families. They weigh against an individual who may not give full play to his ability in the examination during which he doesn't feel very well physically or mentally. Then how can his whole future be determined by the single examination?
334.1 To get a full appreciation of what this means we must turn first to the principles of economy. Modern industry is based on the conception of the maximum production at lowest cost, in order that an individual or a group of individuals may earn as much money as possible. The great cities have been built with no regard for us: The shape and dimensions of the skyscrapers depend entirely on the necessity of obtaining the maximum income per square meter of ground, and of offering to the tenants offices and apartments that please them. This caused the construction of gigantic buildings where too large masses of human beings are crowded together. While they enjoy the comfort and banal luxury of their dwelling , they don't realize that they are deprived of the necessities of life.