托福听力备考中,大家也要进行具体材料的练习。在实际的考试中,有关人文类的听力材料,也是考试中经常出现的。那么具体的这类题材内容,应该如何更好的作答呢?为了让大家更好的把握这类题材,下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  下面我们来看一个人文学的经典案例:

  E.G. 官方真题Official 7 Part 2-Lecture 1 (Iroquois)

  听力原文:

  Pro: So we've been discussing 16th century Native American life, and today we're going to focus on the Iroquois and Huron peoples. They lived in the northeastern great lakes region of North America. Now, back then, their life depended on the natural resources of the forests, especially the birch tree. The birch tree can grow in many different types of soils and is prevalent in that area. Now can anyone here describe a birch tree?

  分析:

  80%的段子前三句必出主旨题,此处也不例外,and today we're going to focus on…道出了主旨,当然这一句不够具体;继续听下文,第二处划线部分提到了一种树木——birch trees, 这一概念贯穿了全文,段子讲的是易洛魁人怎样在生活中利用B这种树(桦树)。

  笔记形式:

  Iro 人→ natrl rsc, esp. B tree依

  听力原文:

  Pro: Yes. The birch treehas white bark, and this tough protective outer layer of the tree, this whitebark, is waterproof. And this waterproof quality of the bark, itmade it useful for making things like cooking containers, a variety ofutensils. And if you peel birch bark in the winter, we call it “the winterbark”, another layer, a tougher inner layer of the tree adheres to thebark, producing a stronger material. So the winter bark was used forlarger utensils and containers.

  Stu: I know peoplemake utensils out of wood, but utensils out of tree bark?

  Pro: Well, birch bark ispliable and very easy to bend. The Native Americans would cut the barkand fold it into any shape they needed, then secure it with cords untilit dried. They could fold the bark into many shapes.

  Stu: So if they cooked inbowls made of birch bark, wouldn't that make the food taste funny?

  Pro: Oh, that's one ofthe great things about birch bark. The taste of the birch tree doesn'tget transferred to the food. So it was perfect for cooking containers.

  分析:

  此段文本逻辑非常清晰,记笔记时完全可以分条记录。文中划线部分是比较重要的考点,在此主要是birchtrees的优点与特性,而这种结构经常会考察细节题,比如双选。同时要注意一些连词的和重要提示词的用法,比如and表示递进,oneof the great things提示考生要提出另一个优点。还有其他的重要提示词,比如particularly、inparticular、especially这类词,后面一定会跟考点。同时教授会鼓励学生开拓思路,有的考点也有可能是学生说出来的。

  笔记形式:

  (注意与刚才记的主旨相比,可首行缩进几个单位,用以突出主旨和细节,使笔记更有条理)

  1.防水→容qiutnsl

  2. 内层:strg2 →大容qi

  3. 易bend→≠ shape

  以上就是关于“托福听力材料分析:人文”的内容,希望通过本篇文章的学习,对大家的考试有更好的帮助,也希望大家能够在考试中取得优异的成绩,早日实现留学梦想!更多精彩内容,敬请关注本频道的更新!


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