在托福阅读考试中,基础部分的备考内容中,语法部分也是基础的复习内容。针对阅读考试部分,大家需要掌握哪些语法知识,如何能够利用最短的时间,来快速的掌握这些重要的语法知识呢?下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  新托福阅读基础语法全汇总内容节选

  阅读方法

  1.精读----句子结构分析和解析方法

  (1) 句子阅读中的障碍

  1) 定语

  前置定语: adj+n

  后置定语:

  n+ adj phrase 形容词短语: a book useful for you prep phrase

  介词短语: a pen on the desk v-ing/-ed phrase

  分词短语: a person walking on the road; a tool developed for the project

  不定式: a way to solve the problem

  注:

  分词短语作后置定语时,其逻辑主语是其修饰的名词

  不定代词只能用后置定语修饰

  不定式 作后置 定语 其 逻辑主 语是第 三方 : sb use the way to solve the problem

  定语从句:

  关系代词引导定语从句: that, which, who, whom, whose( 其中 that,

  which, who, whom 引导的是非完整句, whose 引导的是完整句)

  关系连词: when, where, why 在句子中不作成分, 引导的是完整句

  介词+关系代词: in which, 此关系代词不包括 what

  2) 同位语: 同插入语一样处理----删除

  A, B( 定语从句/同位语从句)

  A, or B

  A that + 句子( 完整句)

  A of B: the city of Beijing

  3) 状语: 处理方式----隔离

  Adv 副词

  Prep phrase 介词短语

  分词短语

  不定式

  注: 非谓语动词作状语其逻辑主语是句子的主语

  4) 并列结构

  并列连词的用法: 并列连词连接结构功能性质均相同的成分----必须完全对等

  5) that 引导的各种从句

  S+V+THAT+句子(完整句)----宾语从句

  S+系动词+表语+句子----表语从句

  It + Vi + that +句子

  It + be + adj +that +句子 完整句

  That +句子+ V

  N+ that +句子+ 同位语(完整句)

  定语从句(非完整句)

  S + Vi + that+ 句子: The sun rises that is bright.

  S + be + adj + that + 句子: The desk is clean that is used by the

  student(定语从句); The fact is true that Tom is handsome(同位语从句).

  (2) 复杂句的阅读方法----层次化句子阅读法

  1) 括号匹配

  …… 关联词 (完整句)

  …… (关联词+ 非完整句)

  2) 化右括号的条件:

  句子终结

  连接句子的并列连词或标点符号之前

  例 1: However, for many years physicists thought that (atom and molecules always were much more likely to emit light spontaneously)and that (stimulated emission thus always would be much weaker)

  例 2: It appeared that 〔Canada was once more falling in step with the trend toward smaller families (that had occurred all through the Western world since the time of the Industrial Revolution)〕.

  例 3: The history of clinical nutrition, or the study of the relationship between health and how the body takes in and utilizes food substances(同位语,删除),can be divided into four distinct eras: the first began in the nineteenth century and extended into the early twentieth century (when it was recognized for the first time that (food contained constituents (that were essential for human function) )and that (different foods provided different amounts of these essential agents).

  例 4: Using techniques first developed for the offshore oil and gas industry, the DSDP’s drill ship, the Glomar Challenger(同位语), was able to maintain a steady position on the ocean’s surface and drill in very deep water,extracting samples of sediments and rock from the ocean floor.

  例 5: The desperate plight of the South has eclipsed the fact that (reconstruction had to be undertaken also in North, though less spectacularly).

  以上就是关于“新托福阅读基础语法全汇总资料整理”的内容,希望通过上述内容的学习,让大家更好地备考考试,小编在这里预祝大家在考试中有更好的发挥,拿到高分成绩,如果大家在备考中有什么疑问,也可以咨询我们的在线老师哟~~~


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