托福独立写作部分中,模板内容的积累复习,可以帮助我们在考试中更好的发挥。所以在日常的训练备考中,针对模板部分,大家也要重点积累相关的内容。那么对于独立写作模板都有哪些呢?下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  1.Electricity

  The modern age is an age of electricity. People are so used to electric lights, radio, televisions, and telephones that it is hard to imagine what life would be like without them. When there is a power failure, people grope about in flickering candlelight, cars hesitate in the streets because there are no traffic lights to guide them, and food spoils in silent refrigerators.

  现代时代是电力时代。人们已经习惯了电灯,收音机,电视和电话,很难想象没有它们会怎样。停电时,人们在闪烁的烛光下摸索,汽车在街上犹豫,因为没有红绿灯来引导它们,并且食物在静音冰箱中变质。

  Yet, people began to understand how electricity works only a little more than two centuries ago. Nature has apparently been experimenting in this field for million of years. Scientists are discovering more and more that the living world may hold many interesting secrets of electricity that could benefit humanity.

  然而,人们仅仅在两个多世纪前才开始了解电的工作原理。大自然显然已经在这一领域进行了数百万年的实验。科学家越来越发现,生活世界可能拥有许多有益于人类的电力秘密。

  All living cell send out tiny pulses of electricity. As the heart beats, it sends out pulses of record; they form an electrocardiogram, which a doctor can study to determine how well the heart is working. The brain, too, sends out brain waves of electricity, which can be recorded in an electroencephalogram. The electric currents generated by most living cells are extremely small - often so small that sensitive instruments are needed to record them. But in some animals, certain muscle cells have become so specialized as electrical generators that they do not work as muscle cells at all. When large numbers of these cell are linked together, the effects can be astonishing.

  所有活细胞发出微小的电脉冲。随着心脏跳动,它发出记录脉冲;它们形成一个心电图,医生可以研究该心电图以确定心脏的运作情况。大脑也发出脑电波,可以记录在脑电图中。大多数活细胞产生的电流非常小-通常很小,以至于需要灵敏的仪器来记录它们。但是在某些动物中,某些肌肉细胞已经变得非常专门化为发电机,以至于它们根本无法充当肌肉细胞。当大量这些细胞链接在一起时,效果可能会令人惊讶。

  The electric eel is an amazing storage battery. It can seed a jolt of as much as eight hundred volts of electricity through the water in which it live. ( An electric house current is only one hundred twenty volts.) As many as four-fifths of all the cells in the electric eel’s body are specialized for generating electricity, and the strength of the shock it can deliver corresponds roughly to length of its body.

  鳗鱼是一个了不起的蓄电池。它可以通过其生活的水中产生多达八百伏的电震。 (家中的电流只有一百二十伏。)鳗鱼体内的所有细胞中,有多达五分之四专门用于发电,而其发出的电击强度大致相当于其身体的长度。

  2.The Definition of “Price”

  Prices determine how resources are to be used. They are also the means by which products and services that are in limited supply are rationed among buyers. The price system of the United States is a complex network composed of the prices of all the products bought and sold in the economy as well as those of a myriad of services, including labor, professional, transportation, and public-utility services. The interrelationships of all these prices make up the “system” of prices. The price of any particular product or service is linked to a broad, complicated system of prices in which everything seems to depend more or less upon everything else.

  价格决定了如何使用资源。它们也是在买家之间分配数量有限的产品和服务的方式。美国的价格体系是一个复杂的网络,由经济中买卖的所有产品的价格以及包括劳务,专业,运输和公用事业在内的多种服务的价格组成。所有这些价格的相互关系构成了价格的“系统”。任何特定产品或服务的价格都与广泛而复杂的价格体系相关,其中所有事物似乎或多或少地依赖于其他事物。

  If one were to ask a group of randomly selected individuals to define “price”, many would reply that price is an amount of money paid by the buyer to the seller of a product or service or, in other words that price is the money values of a product or service as agreed upon in a market transaction. This definition is, of course, valid as far as it goes. For a complete understanding of a price in any particular transaction, much more than the amount of money involved must be known. Both the buyer and the seller should be familiar with not only the money amount, but with the amount and quality of the product or service to be exchanged, the time and place at which the exchange will take place and payment will be made, the form of money to be used, the credit terms and discounts that apply to the transaction, guarantees on the product or service, delivery terms, return privileges, and other factors. In other words, both buyer and seller should be fully aware of all the factors that comprise the total “package” being exchanged for the asked-for amount of money in order that they may evaluate a given price.

  如果要问一组随机选择的人来定义“价格”,则许多人会回答说价格是买方向产品或服务的卖方支付的金额,换句话说,价格就是货币价值市场交易中约定的产品或服务的价格。当然,这个定义就目前而言是有效的。为了完全了解任何特定交易中的价格,必须知道的远远超过所涉及的金额。买卖双方不仅应熟悉货币金额,而且应熟悉要交换的产品或服务的数量和质量,进行交换和付款的时间和地点,付款方式,货币,适用于交易的信贷条款和折扣,产品或服务的担保,交货条款,退货特权以及其他因素。换句话说,买卖双方都应充分意识到构成总“包裹”以要价的金额交换的所有因素,以便他们可以评估给定的价格。

  以上就是关于“托福独立写作模板400字内容”的内容,希望通过上述内容的学习,大家能够更充分的积累备考这些模板,期待大家考试中有更好的发挥。


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