托福写作中,举例子并非大家想象的那么简单。其实举例子也有一定的原则和方法,同学们日常训练中,要掌握具体的方法,才能够在考试中有更好的发挥。那么具体的这些方法内容是什么?下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  1. 托福写作是语言测试,关注的是你的例子能否证明主题句,逻辑是否合理,语言表达是否流畅 ,因而符合事实逻辑的例子,都可以写,不要纠结真实性,不要纠结是名人例子还是个人例子,更不用为了分数去大量背诵名人的例子。

  2. 例子的重要性体现在说服力上而不是字数上,只要把能证明你主题句的核心内容提取出来即可,不要过分堆砌。

  那么究竟如何去写一个合格的例子呢?细心的同学应该注意到题目中有这样的一句话:“use specific reasons and examples to support your answer ”, 其中reasons(也称作 reasoning)为我们讲的逻辑说理,而examples就是例子了。我们建议每一个主体段都要写例子,例子需要是非常具体的事情,要和逻辑说理部分区分开。在这里,我们对一个合格的例子,提出两点要求,即:相关性和细节性。

  一、相关性

  很多学生的文章中,观点和例子丝毫没有关联度,这样的例子是无效的。所以必须要明确一点,举例子是为了什么?举例子是为了说明主题句(划重点)。建议各位同学写例子之前回头看看主题句,做到心中有数,明确自己写例子究竟是用来证明什么。

  例如,我的主题句是“早起学习效率高。”那么要证明“早起学习效率高”,必须有以下四个要素:1. 首先必须确定一位主人翁A;2. 其次A同学起的很早;3. 并且A童鞋把早起的时间都用在学习上了;4. 效果很好;

  再比如,我的主题句是“参与间隔年有助于学生们的专业择。”那么要证明这个主题句,必须要满足这四个要素: 1. 首先必须确定一位主人翁B; 2. B同学在间隔年中做了哪些事? 3. B同学之后选择了什么专业?(间隔年中做的事要和之后选择的专业要有一定的关联度)4. 这个选择很明智;

  二、细节性

  区别于其他的写作考试,托福写作最大的一个特点是例子必须要细化,可以具体到某个人,点名道姓,他的具体行为和感触也有相关涉及。那么该如何做到细化例子呢?接着上面的sample继续看。

  Sample 1:

  主题句:早起学起效率高。

  例子:1. 主人翁A:可以具象到身份,人名—my dorm mate Jason

  2. A 同学起得早:可以具体到几点起床—get up at 7:00 a.m

  3. 花时间学习:可以具体到学什么—memorize new English words/ practice listening/ imitate pronunciation from MP3

  4. 效果很好:become proficient in English

  参考段落:

  First and foremost, morning is the prime time for a student to absorb knowledge. It is because after a whole night’s rest, one’s body is usually at its best in the morning, with the brain being very awake and active. At this moment, students’ learning efficiency is so high that they could memorize the most key points and handle the most difficult part of a subject in a day’s study. For example, one of my dorm mates, Jason, is proficient in English. He gets up at 7 o’clock every morning and goes to the classroom to memorize new English words or imitate the pronunciation from MP3.

  Sample 2:

  主题句: 参与间隔年有助于学生们的专业选择。

  例子:1. 主人翁B: my classmate Jenny

  2. 间隔年中做了什么事:looking after orphans and helping communities

  3. 选择的专业:public affairs management

  4. 结果:a wise option

  参考段落:

  Firstly, during the gap year, students can get a better understanding of themselves and make a right choice about their majors in universities. Over the period from primary school to high school, most students lost the ability to think independently of what they wanted because they had to take care of their academic performances. If they are given an opportunity to engage in some meditation and social practices, they are likely to discover their true callings. I read from newspapers that an American high school graduate spent a gap year looking after orphans, and later he selected public affairs management as his college major, which turned out to be a wise choice.

  以上就是关于“托福写作举例的方法技巧”的内容,希望通过上述内容的学习,大家能够更好的掌握这些技巧,在考试中有更好的发挥。


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