关于托福听力考试部分,原文翻译对大家来说,也是提高听力基础的有效练习内容。那么在实际的训练中,到底托福听力的原文翻译内容都有哪些?大家应该如何更好带来备考练习呢?下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  讲座-1原文:

  Narrator:Listen to part of a lecture in a psychology class

  Professor:For decades, psychologists have been looking at our ability to perform tasks while other things are going on, how we are able to keep from being distracted and what the conditions for good concentration are. As long ago as 1982, researchers came up with something called the CFQ - the Cognitive Failures Questionnaire. This questionnaire asks people to rate themselves according to how often they get distracted in different situations, like hum … forgetting to save a computer file because they had something else on their mind or missing a speed limit sign on the road. John?

  John:I've lost my share of computer files, but not because I'm easily distracted. I just forget to save them.

  Professor:And that's part of the problem with the CFQ. It doesn’t take other factors into account enough, like forgetfulness. Plus you really can’t say you are getting objective scientific results from a subjective questionnaire where people report on themselves. So it’s no surprise that someone attempted to design an objective way to measure distraction. It’s a simple computer game designed by a psychologist named, Nilli Lavie. In Lavie’s game, people watch as the letters N and X appear and disappear in a certain area on the computer screen. Every time they see an N, they press one key, and every time they see an X they press another, except other letters also start appearing in the surrounding area of the screen with increasing frequency which creates a distraction and makes the task more difficult. Lavie observed that people’s reaction time slowed as these distractions increased.

  Student 2:Well that’s not too surprising, isn’t it?

  Professor:No, it's not. It's the next part of the experiment that was surprising. When the difficulty really increased, when the screen filled up with letters, people got better as spotting the Xs and Ns. What do you think that happened?

  John:Well, maybe when we are really concentrating, we just don't perceive irrelevant information. Maybe we just don't take it in, you know?

  Professor:Yes, and that's one of the hypotheses that was proposed, that the brain simply doesn't admit the unimportant information. The second hypothesis is that, yes, we do perceive everything, but the brain categorizes the information, and whatever is not relevant to what we are concentrating on gets treated as low priority. So Lavie did another experiment, designed to look at the ability to concentrate better in the face of increased difficulty. This time she used brain scanning equipment to monitor activity in a certain part of the brain, the area called V5, which is part of the visual cortex, the part of our brains that processes visual stimuli. V5 is the area of the visual cortex that's responsible for the sensation of movement. Once again, Lavie gave people a computer-based task to do. They have to distinguish between words in upper and lower-case letters or even harder, they had to count the number of syllables in different words. This time the distraction was a moving star field in the background, you know, where it looks like you are moving through space, passing stars. Normally area of V5 would be stimulated as those moving stars are perceived and sure enough, Lavie found that during the task area V5 was active, so people were aware of the moving star field. That means people were not blocking out the distraction.

  Student:So doesn't that mean that the first hypothesis you mentioned was wrong, the one that says we don't even perceive irrelevant information when we are concentrating?

  Professor:Yes that's right, up to a point, but that’s not all. Lavie also discovered that as she made the task more difficult, V5 became less active, so that means that now people weren’t really noticing the star field at all. That was quite a surprise and it approved that the second hypothesis - that we do perceive everything all the time but the brain categorizes distractions differently, well, that wasn't true either. Lavie thinks the solution lies in the brain’s ability to accept or ignore visual information. She thinks its capacity is limited. It’s like a highway. When there are too many cars, traffic is stopped. No one can get on. So when the brain is loaded to capacity, no new distractions can be perceived. Now that may be the correct conclusion for visual distractions, but more research is needed to tell us how the brain deals with, say, the distractions of solving a math problem when we are hungry or when someone is singing in the next room.

  讲座-1译文:

  旁白:听演讲的一部分,在心理课

  教授:几十年来,心理学家一直在看我们执行任务的能力,而其他的事情都是怎么回事,我们怎么能够保持不被分心,有什么好浓度的条件。早在1982年,研究人员想出了一种叫做CFQ -认知故障问卷。该问卷要求人们根据他们得到的往往是如何在不同情况下,像呜呜......分心忘记攒一台电脑的文件评价自己,因为他们有别的东西在他们的头脑或丢失的道路上限速标志。约翰?

  约翰:我失去了我的那份电脑文件,但不是因为我很容易分心。我只是忘了保存它们。

  教授:这就是与CFQ问题的一部分。它没有考虑其他因素考虑不够,像健忘。另外,你真的不能说你是从主观问卷调查,人们对自己的举报得到客观的科学成果。因此,毫不奇怪,有人试图设计一个客观的方法来衡量分心。这是一个简单的电脑游戏被命名为心理学家,拉维设计。在拉维的比赛中,人们眼睁睁的看着字母n和X的出现和消失在一定区域内的电脑屏幕上。他们看到的N每一次,他们按一个键,他们看到,他们按下另一个,除非其他字母一个X,每次也开始出现在屏幕的次数越来越多创造一种干扰,而且使得任务更加艰巨的周边地区。拉维认为,人的反应时间慢,因为这些分心增加。

  学生2:嗯,这不是太奇怪,不是吗?

  教授:不,不是这样的。它的,这是令人吃惊的实验的下一部分。当真正的难度增加,当屏幕充满了信件,人们得到更好的为点状出血的两个X和纳秒。你觉得会发生?

  约翰:嗯,也许当我们真的集中精力,我们只是不认为不相关的信息。也许我们只是没有把它的,你知道吗?

  教授:是的,这就是提出了假设之一,大脑根本不承认不重要的信息。第二个假设是,是的,我们感觉到的一切,但大脑的分类信息,不管是不相关的东西,我们正集中精力才会被低优先级。因此,拉维做了另一个实验中,为了考察集中在难度增加的脸上更好的能力。此时她用大脑扫描设备来监控在大脑中,称为V5的区域,这是视觉皮层的一部分的特定部分的活性,我们的大脑的一部分,其处理视觉刺激。V5是视觉皮层这负责运动的感觉的区域。再次,拉维让人产生基于计算机的任务来完成。它们具有在上部和小写字母或更难词语来区分,他们不得不计数不同词语音节数。这一次,分心是一个移动的星域的背景下,你知道,它看起来像你正在通过空间,通过明星。因为这些运动明星的感觉果然V5的区域,通常会被刺激,拉维发现任务区域中V5是活跃的,所以人们都知道移动星域。这意味着人们不堵出分心。

  学生:所以并不意味着你提到的第一个假设是错误的,一个说我们甚至不认为不相关的信息时,我们正在集中?

  教授:是的,这是正确的,在一定程度上,但是这还不是全部。拉维还发现,她所取得的工作变得更加困难,V5变得不那么活跃,因此这意味着,现在的人都没有真正注意到的星域都没有。那是相当的惊喜,并批准了第二个假设-我们不认为所有的一切的时候,但大脑分心分类不同,嗯,这是不正确的无论是。拉维认为,解决之道在于大脑的接受能力或忽略的视觉信息。她认为,它的容量是有限的。这就像一条高速公路。当有太多的车,交通停止。没有人能得到。所以当大脑被加载到容量,没有新的分心可以感知。现在,这可能是正确的结论的视觉干扰,但需要更多的研究告诉我们大脑如何处理,比方说,解决数学问题的时候,我们都饿了,或当有人在唱着歌在隔壁房间里的杂念。

  以上就是关于“托福听力原文翻译练习内容”的内容,希望通过上述内容的学习,大家能够更好的来备考练习这些内容,更好的提高听力水平。


展开显示全文