conversation：term paper of bird migration
Listen to a conversation between a student and his Biology professor.
S: Dr. Russell, I was hoping to discuss my term paper with you I'm getting a little bit stuck here.
P: Of course, so...what do you have so far? What's your topic?
S: Well, I wanted to write about bird migration, but I'm having trouble finding enough sources.
P: You're having trouble finding sources on bird migration
S: No, actually, on the particular aspect of bird migration that I want to write about.
The thing is, I wanted to write specifically on early theories of bird migration...describe some of the theories. Like how Aristotle thought that birds changed into different species during the winter. Or how other naturalists thought that bigger birds carried smaller birds to warmer spots for the wintertime. But I've only got a couple of books to work with right now.
问题是，我想专门写一些关于鸟类迁徙的早期理论...描述一些理论。 就像亚里士多德(Aristotle)认为冬季鸟类变成不同物种的方式一样。 或者其他博物学家如何认为较大的鸟类会在冬季将较小的鸟类带到较温暖的地方。 但是我现在只有几本书可以使用。
P: Hm...I have to admit that it's an interesting topic, and you certainly seem excited by it. But remember I told you all to ask yourselves how your topic is going to help you show that you can apply what you've learned this semester. A summary or description is not really what I'm looking for as much as your analysis of a certain topic.
嗯...我不得不承认这是一个有趣的话题，你当然对此感到兴奋。 但是请记住，我告诉大家，您的主题将如何帮助您证明自己可以应用本学期的知识。 摘要或描述并不是我真正想要的，而不是您对某个主题的分析。
S: I guess it's not really what we're supposed to do, huh
P: Right. So, how about we think about some other ideas for your paper. I mean you don't need to discard the idea completely... but... take a really different focus. Um... for example...you could present what you think are some reasons-the rationale-behind some of the erroneous theories early naturalists had. But, you'll be supporting your views with current research; those are the sources you'll need to seek out.
对。 那么，我们如何考虑您的论文的其他想法。 我的意思是您不需要完全放弃这个主意...但是...要采取完全不同的重点。 嗯...例如...您可以提出您认为是某些原因的理由-早期自然主义者的一些错误理论背后的理由。 但是，您将通过当前的研究来支持您的观点。 这些是您需要寻找的资源。
S: Ok, I think I see what you're saying. So, like today...today we know that lots of small birds migrate at night, but maybe `cause people didn't see them-didn't see the small birds migrating-they only saw bigger birds, like geese migrating during the day. They thought that the big birds were carrying the small ones under their wings.
好的，我想我明白您的意思。 因此，像今天一样……今天，我们知道很多小鸟在夜间迁徙，但也许“是因为人们没有看到它们-没看到小鸟在迁徙-他们只看到较大的鸟，例如鹅在迁徙期间迁徙。 天。 他们以为大鸟在翅膀下carrying着小鸟。
P: There you go! That's exactly what I mean. You're showing that you're thinking about the topic, not just telling me what you read.
你去! 这就是我的意思。 您表明自己正在考虑该主题，而不仅仅是告诉我您阅读了什么。
S: Ok, I also have a really cool example of a migratory bird that I'd like to discuss in my paper. It's the Common Poorwill—I mean it seems that some Ornithologists believe that the Common Poorwill really does hibernate instead of migrating-that it's maybe the only bird that does.
P: If I were you, I would stick just with migration research. Remember, this is only a 15-page paper.
S: Ok, I see your point.
P: But it's great that you're finding this all so interesting. I want you to come back to see me in a week so we can take a look at the new direction in your paper and evaluate the sources you've found in the meantime.