托福写作部分的议论文形式,相对来说难度比较大,大家在具体的备考中,到底应该怎么备考,一篇优秀的议论文到底应该怎么写呢?大家都需要掌握哪些方法和技巧呢?为了让大家更好的复习,下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  在应试型(雅思或新托福等)议论文写作中,通常遵循introduction- body-conclusion(引言段-主体段-结论段)的“三步曲”。Body(主体)段落提供了论证观点的理由,是整个文章的主体,在评分中占有很大的比重。例如一篇满分的雅思作文(9分)必须“presents a fully developed position in answer to the question with relevant, fully extended and well supported ideas”。这里的“fully extended / well supported”,必须通过主体段来体现。

  1.Write a topic sentence for each paragraph you plan to write. Each topic sentence should relate to your thesis statement and introduce what the paragraph will be about. If you find that the topics you want to discuss do not support the thesis statement you have written, revise your thesis statement or reconsider your topic sentences.

  (每个主体段都必须有一个明确的主题句)

  2.Write ideas that support your topic sentences. The topic sentence for each paragraph tells the reader what the paragraph will be about. The ideas stated in the rest of the paragraph should all relate to the topic sentence.

  (支持句必须围绕主题句展开)

  托福满分写作(5分)也要求“is well organized and well developed, using clearly appropriate explanations, exemplifications, and/or details”,同样必须通过主体段落发展来实现。一般来说,一篇议论文必须包含至少两个主体段。每个主体段都必须有明确的主题句“topic sentence”和若干支持句“supporting sentences”。他们共同组成文章的理由段,对全文的论点提供理由支持。专家建议初学者在练习议论文写作时,必须遵循理由段发展的几个简单原则,这对迅速完成理由段、构建连贯和理由充分的议论文大有帮助。

  以上就是关于“托福写作议论文的方法技巧”的内容,希望通过上述内容的学习,大家更好的积累这部分内容,期待大家考试取得高分成绩。


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