托福写作部分的备考中,对于具体的词汇和句型内容,也是大家要背诵的基本内容,掌握一些重要的词汇和句型,有利于大家更好的运用,从而提升我们的作文水平,具体的这部分知识有哪些?下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  文章

  the reading passage/the reading/the passage(摘自官方指南)

  或

  the article/the reading section/the writer/the author

  听力

  the lecture/the professor(摘自官方指南)

  或

  the listening passage/the listening/the listening section/the lecturer/the speaker

  二、如何表示“认为、主张、声称”

  虽然各个英语单词的地位都是一样的,没有高低贵贱之分,但您总不能一个think杀到底吧!天涯何处无芳草,何必单恋一think呢,请看:

  say/believe(稍简单)

  claim/state/argue/assert/maintain(语气越来越强硬)

  suggest/indicate/imply(有“暗示”的含义,语气稍弱)

  take the view that/hold the opinion that/have a notion that(貌似比think颜值稍高*_*)

  但一定要注意,表示“文章/听力认为”要用一般现在时,且是第三人称单数(以上表达均可跟that从句),而描述历史事件时态应跟原文保持一致。来看一个例子:

  【例】However, the professor says that tea was popular only in southern China, not in the north where Polo stayed.

  (来源:《托福高分范文大全》,戴云、刘芸编著,综合写作第06篇范文,第2主体段)

  三、如何表示“反驳”

  challenge/disprove/refute/contradict

  question/cast doubt on(这两个词宾语一般不能是人)

  【例】challenge a claim, an assertion, a verdict

  (来源:Oxford Advanced Learner’s English-Chinese Dictionary)

  【例】These figures disproved Smith's argument.

  (来源:Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English)

  【例】an attempt to refute Darwin's theories

  (来源:Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English)

  【例】Recent evidence has tended to contradict established theories on this subject.

  (来源:Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary)

  【例】Two months ago, results from a European study questioned whether early treatment with the drug really improved survival.

  (来源:Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary)

  【例】Last night a top criminal psychologist cast doubt on the theory.

  (来源:Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s Dictionary 5th Edition)

  四、如何组织语言

  开头段

  句型一:The lecture is a discussion concerning the issue of (主题), which challenges the main idea in the reading passage.

  亮点:

  1) the issue of…。一定要注意issue of后应该是名词或一个从句,不能是句子

  2) concerning是about的升级版,也可以用regarding或with regard to替换concerning

  3) which引导的非限制性定语从句

  【例】We should raise the issue of discrimination with the council.

  (来源:Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English)

  【例】Dillon addressed the issue of child abuse in his speech.

  (来源:Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English)

  【例】G-8 leaders call for Syrian peace talks, sidestep issue of whether Assad should go

  【例】the issue of how to provide adequate child care

  (来源:American Heritage Dictionary 4th Edition)

  句型二:The writer claims in the reading passage that (文章论点), whereas the professor argues in the lecture that (听力论点). Obviously, they hold differing views on the same topic.

  亮点:

  1) in the reading passage和in the lecture其实把claims that和argues that分开了,这是一个分裂结构

  2) whereas是while的升级版,前面有没有逗号都行

  3) differing是different的升级版,还可以说成conflicting/opposing/opposite/contrary/divergent/contradictory

  句型三:Despite the point made by the writer that (文章论点), the professor casts doubt on what the writer states by saying that (听力论点).

  亮点:

  1) despite + 名词 + 过去分词作后置定语

  2) 用by saying that引出听力论点

  中间段

  句型一:In the first place, the author presents a viewpoint that (文章分论点). The listening passage, by contrast, puts forward a divergent opinion that (听力分论点). This is because (解释).

  亮点:

  1) viewpoint是point的升级版

  2) by contrast/in contrast表示对比,且为插入语,还可以用however/nevertheless/nonetheless替换,但意思不同,请认真体会

  3) put forward是have的升级版

  句型二:Another point of view expressed by the lecturer is that (听力分论点), which contradicts the statement given by the reading that (文章分论点). Then the lecturer supports his point by saying that (解释).

  亮点:

  1) another其实也可以表示列举的第二项,如果把another换成the first/the second/the final,这个句型就可以用在中间段的不同段落

  2) supports his point by saying that避免了老用because表示原因

  句型三:Finally, although the reading passage asserts that (文章分论点), contrary to what the reading states, the professor maintains that (听力分论点). In order to prove his theory, the professor says that (解释).

  亮点:

  1) 用contrary to作提前的状语引出反驳

  2) 用in order to作提前的状语表示目的

  3) 用prove his theory替换了上面的supports his point

  【例】Contrary to what the public was told, weapons were still being exported.

  (来源:Oxford Collocations Dictionary for Students of English)

  【例】The new claim is directly contrary to what was originally stated.

  (来源:Oxford Collocations Dictionary for Students of English)

  以上就是关于“新托福综合写作词汇句型”的内容,希望通过上述内容的学习,大家更好的练习这些内容,期待大家考试中有更好的发挥。


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