托福写作部分,无论是大作文还是小作文都有一定的技巧和高分结构,那么对于小作文部分,具体的开头方式是怎样的,考生们如何能够拿到这部分的高分呢?为了让大家更好的了解这部分内容,下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  背景法结构:

  背景+现存观点(双方或一方皆可)+自己的观点

  步骤1: 一个逻辑自然的背景引入

  背景指的是一篇文章话题的大背景,这其实是开头段里最难的部分,一些受模板影响深远的同学通常会套用with the development of science and technology 作为文章的万能背景,但是并不是所有话题都可以以科技为背景的,比如,老师是否应该每天布置作业,像这样一道题,我们就很难通过科技发展作为背景引入了。放弃万能的背景,我们可以运用什么思维方式来找到自己话题的背景呢?通常,我们有两种方式:

  一:引入来历

  所谓来历,就是需要同学们自己来询问自己,出题者的意图是什么?为什么会有这样的争议?

  例:

  Agree/disagree

  People can learn more from reading books than watching television.

  这道题我们抓住learn这个核心词,就会发现题目在争议的是两种学习方式,一种是看书,一种是看电视。很显然,书本代表的是传统学习方式,而电视媒体则是新兴的学习方式,为什么会有这两种争议呢?我们可以马上想到是科技产品在人们生活中的普及导致传统学习方式受到了威胁,那么,想到这里,我们的背景就出来了:

  The advancement of technology gives rise to a wide variety of devices which enable people to acquire information and knowledge conveniently. Among them the most popular one is television.

  当然,有些同学会想,我不一定在看到这道题的时候能够想的那么远,挖出比较深的背景出来,怎么办?这样就出现了我们的第二种讲述背景的方式

  二:描述现状

  在不能挖掘深远来历的情况下,我们不妨往近处想,就直接考虑目前这个话题的现状是什么样的。比如依然就reading books v.s. watching TV这道题为例, 想想现在人们看书或者看电视的现状。大家可能脑子里就会出现“现在人都不读书了,大家都喜欢看电视”这样一个现状,变成英文:Nowadays, television has become an indispensable part in people’s life, as a way for leisure and also an access to knowledge. For many people, the first thing they do at home after one day’s work and study is to turn on the television and seldom do they read books.

  步骤2: 根据背景表述现存观点

  现存观点可以是双方的,模板用法是:Some people agree that…while others consider that…

  我们的任务是要把这种思路写得自然一些,且避免句式重复,比较好的方式是在描述双方观点的时候,可以特殊化某一类人群,并且适当添上这些人持该立场的理由,比如:

  Some parents and teachers agree that reading books should always be the best way for learning due to its variety and flexibility. While the youth, who shows great interest in those colorful and flashy television programs, prefer to learn through television.

  当然,有时候双方观点都写的话,会显得句式容易重复,或者内容比较难组织,那么,这个时候我们可以选择只讲一方观点,这个一方最好是反方观点!具体内容与前面双方观点一致!

  步骤3: 陈述自己的观点

  这个部分是最简单的了,唯一需要注意的是可以改写话题,但是不要改变原题的意思。具体有三种方式来表达自己的观点:

  a:直抒胸臆:From my perspective, people can learn more from reading books than watching tv.

  b: 针对前面表达了双方观点的:As for me, the former one is more favorable.

  c: 针对前面只讲了一方观点的: However, I cannot agree with such a statement and I believe that…

  这样将三个步骤合起来, 我们的开头段就写出来啦!

  版本一:

  The advancement of technology gives rise to a wide variety of devices which enable people to acquire information and knowledge conveniently. Among them the most popular one is television.Most of the youth, who show great interest in those colorful and flashy television programs, consider learning through television is the most effective way. However, I cannot agree with such a statement and I believe reading books is definitely a wiser choice.

  版本二:

  Nowadays, television has become an indispensable part in people’s life, as a way for leisure and also an access to knowledge. For many people, the first thing they do at home after one day’s work and study is to turn on the television and seldom do they read books.Some parents and teachers agree that reading books should always be the best way for learning due to its variety and flexibility. While the youth, who shows great interest in those colorful and flashy television programs, prefer to learn through television. As for me, the former one is more favorable.

  以上就是关于“托福小作文开头的结构技巧”的内容,希望通过上述内容的学习,大家更好的掌握这些开头方式,预祝同学们取得写作的高分!


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