1. Talk about a book you have read that was important to you for some reason. Explain why the book was important to you. Give specific details and examples to explain your answer Recently, I read a book named Keep the aspidistra flying written by George Orwell. The book influences me a lot because the story has something that touches my heart. The story talks about a man who wants to be a poet and who abandons many well-paying jobs to pursue his dream of being a poet. I have a similar experience of quitting a very good job in order to be a writer. Also, the man in the story is lack of money because he works as a bookstore assistant and thus has a very low salary. He lives in a shabby apartment and sometimes have no money to buy food. Again, I’ve got similar experience. I once lived in a cramped apartment alone and had no money. The book is important to me because it touches me and gives me encouragement to persist.
Some people believe that television has had a positive influence on society. Others believe it has had a negative influence on society. Which do you agree with and why? Use details and examples to explain your opinion. I think television has a positive influence on society. It’s a good source of news. The members in the society can get news easily from News Channels and thus keep themselves informed of what’s happening around. Like, my grandfather watches News on TV everyday just to keep up with the latest events.Beside television can be a kind of entertainment. People can watch different shows on TV such as funny talk shows and soap operas. I have many friends who like watching Late show with David Letterman and some other friends like watching TV series such as Lost and Friends. They all consider TV as a good way of relaxing themselves and of killing time. So, with the news and same TV programs, people in a society share a lot of things that they can talk about in any event. Therefore, society actually benefits from TV.
Explain why the woman disagrees with the reasons expressed in the letter. The writer of the letter opposes the university’s plan to acquire a new sculpture because the university’s financial condition is poor and the sculpture is so large that it’ll take up all the green space in front of the campus center. The woman in the conversation thinks the two reasons are totally unconvincing. The woman says it’s an anonymous donor who pays the bill of the sculpture not the university so there is no need to worry about the university’s financial condition. As for the point about the space, the woman thinks Paul, the writer of the letter, always plays soccer with his friends on the lawn where the sculpture will be. She thinks Paul just doesn’t want to move to another place. For him, it’s convenience versus sculpture.
4. Explain groupthink and its effects using example of the computer company. Groupthink is a process in which individual members of a group conform their ideas to the group consensus even if the result may not be well. The professor in the lecture uses his personal experience in a computer company to illustrate this process. Once he and his co-worker suggested to give their computer a design make-over to look cooler in order to attract new customers. At first, the majority supported their suggestion. But there were a few senior managers who didn’t support. Then some supporters changed their mind, so did the professor’s co-worker. The co-worker changed his mind because he didn’t want to make a bad impression on senior managers. He thought disagreeing with them might harm his future promotion. Then after a long discussion and with more and more people sided with senior managers, the professor himself thought he was the only one who’s delaying the decision. Then, he voted against himself. So they all agreed not to have this design make-over. At last, the company lost profit because its competitors came up with good-looking computers and win more customers.
5.The speakers discuss two possible solutions to the woman’s problem. Briefly summarize the problem. Then state which should solution you recommend and explain why. The woman was supposed to drive a bunch of elementary students to the zoo tomorrow but she didn’t rent a van in time and the kids will be disappointed if the trip gets cancelled. The man suggests her to borrow a car from one of her friends. But she has to borrow two cars to hold all the kids and it’s hard to find another driver. Then the man suggests her to take the public transportation. He is pretty sure that there is a bus line past the zoo. But the woman thinks it’s hard to control the kids on the bus. Well personally, I would recommend the woman to take the bus line. Even if the kids are handful, they are still controllable. But there is no guarantee that she can borrow two cars and find another driver at the same time.
6.Using the research described by the professor, explain what scientists have learned about the mathematical abilities of babies. In the lecture the professor describes how scientists learn about baby’s mathematical abilities. Researchers did an experiment to test baby’s ability to add that baby knows one plus one equals two. They first put a doll in front of a baby and lowered the screen to hide the doll. So the baby knows it’s there. Then they clearly put another doll behind the screen so there should be two dolls. But researchers secretly took one away and when they lift the screen up, the baby was surprised because it expected to see two dolls but there was only one. We know when a baby is surprised, it stares at the thing that makes it feel surprised. The researchers recorded the baby’s eye-movement with a camera and found that the baby stared. So the baby has the ability to add. It knows one doll plus one doll equals two dolls.
新托福 TPO 口语参考答案——TPO2
1. Choose a place you go to often that is important to you and explain why it is important. Please include specific details in your explanation. I often go to the basketball court near my apartment. It’s very important to me because I play basketball there everyday and basketball is my favorite sport. Ever since I was a little boy, I have been playing in that court with my friends. When in junior high, I practiced shooting and dribbling in that court nearly everyday till late at night. Besides, the court is the reminder of an awful lot of my valuable memories. I still can remember that how I started out shooting badly and then after several weeks’ practice, I could shoot well and dribbled well. I can also remember many friends with whom I played basketball and form teams. Without that court, I couldn’t possibly make so many friends. So it’s very important to me.
2. Some college students choose to take courses in a variety of subject areas in order to get a broad education. Others choose to focus on a single subject area in order to have a deeper understanding of that area. Which approach to course selection do you think is better for students and why? Well, I think taking a wide variety of courses is better for students. Because, first of all, I think undergraduate study is meant for broadness. Students had better broaden their horizon and prevent themselves from being narrow-minded. Second of all, I think before students find their “true love”, I mean, the subject they really want to go deep into, they should probably extend their study field and taste different subjects in various areas so as to identify the “true love”. Take myself as an example, my major is software engineering in the college, but I took various courses outside my major field. Then I found out that I was more interested in literature than in computer and software. So literature is my “true love”. I think it depends on the students themselves. If a student doesn’t know his or her interest. It’s better for them to take a variety of courses so as to taste various kinds of subjects to find their interest. Take myself as an example, my major is software engineering in the college, but I took various courses outside my major field. Then I found out that I was more interested in literature than in computer and software. So literature is my interest. If a student already know what he likes and what he needs to learn. Then taking many different classes will be a little bit waste of time. It’s better for this student to concentrate on his or her interest. For instance, I don’t think Bill Gates need to take courses other than computer science when in Harvard, coz he knew what he liked and what he wanted. He already knew his interest.
3. The man expresses his opinion of the university’s plan to eliminate the bus service. State his opinion and explain the reasons he gives for holding that opinion. The university has decided to stop its free bus service because not very many students ride the bus and plans to use the money saved to expand the overcrowded parking lots. But the man in the conversation doesn’t like the plan. As for the point about few students riding the bus, the man says it’s because the bus routes are out of date. The bus only goes through the places that are too expensive for students to live. If the buses change route and the man thinks there will be plenty of students taking those buses. The man also disagrees with the university’s plan to expand the parking lots. He thinks the plan will encourage more students to drive, which will add noise and create more traffic. Then they’ll need more parking space. He thinks the university should make it easier for students to take the public buses not the other way around.
4. Explain how the examples of tying shoes and learning to type demonstrate the principle of audience effects. The principle of audience effects is that individuals’ performance is affected by the knowledge that others are watching them. The professor uses examples of tying shoes and learning to type to demonstrate that we actually increase our speed of performing if we know that we are being observed. In the example of tying shoes, one group of college students was told that they were being observed, the other didn’t know they were being observed. The students who knew they were being watched tied their shoes much faster than the other group. And in the example of learning to type, when we are conscious of being observed, we will increase typing speed. We type faster than we do alone. Also, other behavioral pattern will increase, like making mistakes. So when we type faster when we know we are being observed, we also make more mistakes.
5. The speakers discuss two possible solutions to the woman’s problem. Describe the problem and the two solutions. Then explain what you think the woman should do and why. The professor asks the woman to attend a field trip, but the woman has already promised another professor to help set up a museum exhibition next week. And this is the problem. The professor offers two possible solutions. The first is that she can talk to the other professor to see if there is someone else who can replace the woman to help set up the museum exhibition. The second is that the woman finishes setting up the museum before they set out the field trip. Actually, I think the woman should choose the second solution, because she has already agreed to help the other professor and the other professor is counting on her. It’s possible that there is no one else who can take her place. So she’d better finish the task first before she goes to the field trip.
6. Using points and examples from the talk, explain the two definitions of money presented by the professor. The professor talks about two definitions of money, a broad one and a narrow one. By the broad definition, money is everything with which we can make purchases. For example, coins and bills can be money, because we can use them to buy goods such as vegetables and pay for services such as taxi. But in a barter system, vegetables can be money, because farmers can give drivers vegetables in exchange for a drive. By the narrow definition, in a society, the legal tender is money. For instance, in the US, drivers and farmers must accept dollars as payment. People can use dollars to pay for taxi and buy vegetables because dollar is the legal tender in the US. So, dollar in the form of coin and bill is money.