托福阅读考试中,词汇题是比较重要的题型。针对这部分的题型,在实际的备考中,同学们也要掌握一定的解题方法。了解这些具体的解题方法,也有利于我们更好的拿到阅读分数。下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  1. 合成法:将两个单词合成构成一个新词。

  out + break = outbreak 爆发

  down + hill = downhill 下坡的

  over + throw = overthrow 推翻

  hot + foot = hotfoot 匆忙地

  before + hand = beforehand 事先

  2. 派生法:在词根前后加上前缀或后缀,构成一个与原单词意义相近或截然相反的新词。

  前缀:

  value (名词,价值) + de-(下,向下) → devalue (动词,降低…的价值)

  little (形容词,小的) + be- (使……成为)→ belittle (动词,轻视)

  后缀:

  inflame (动词,点火) + -ability (能……) → inflammability (名词,易燃性)

  conceive (动词,设想)+ -able(可……的) → conceivable (形容词,可想象的)

  根据对比关系来猜测词义。对比关系通常是作者对于A、B两事物进行比较,进而得出论点的一种论证手段。在一个句子或段落中,有对两个事物或现象进行对比性的描述,我们可以根据生词或难词的反义词猜测其词义。 例如:Unlike her gregarious sister, Jane is a shy, unsociable person who does not like to go to parties or to make new friends. Gregarious, 对许多人来说可能是个生词,但是句中单词unlike可以提示我们Gregarious和后面的词unsociable person是对比关系。分析出这种关系后,我们便能猜出意为Gregarious是“爱交际的”。

  例题分析:

  Given a year of favorable precipitation, such plants will develop vigorously and produce large numbers of flowers and fruit.

  Q: In saying that ephemerals will develop “vigorously" when there is favorable precipitation, the author means that their development will be

  A: sudden

  B: early

  C: gradual

  D: strong and healthy

  这是并列语境:所考查的词汇跟前后形成一个同义的关系。可以利用句子的并列关系来推测,develop vigorously和生产大量的花和果实并列,那么很明显,D选项最合适。

  例:

  For example, a pond in hilly country that maintains a steady water level all through a dry summer in spite of having no streams flowing into it must obviously be seepage dominated. Conversely, a pond with a stream flowing in one end and out the other, which dries up when the stream dries up, is clearly surface water dominated.

  Q: The word Conversely meaning to

  A: on the other hand

  B: in the same way

  C: in other words

  D: on average

  这是转折语境:所考查的词汇跟前后形成一个相反的关系。原句说有河水流入流出的是surface water dominated,前一句说一个没有地表水流入的pond是seepage dominated,那么后文当然与之相对,所以正确答案是A。

  以上就是关于“托福阅读词汇题的解题方法”的内容,希望通过上述内容的学习,大家能够更好的掌握这些解题方法,预祝大家考试取得成功。


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