托福写作过程中,对于一些事例我们也要进行积累,学会更好的运用这些内容,才能够帮助我们更快速的提高写作成绩。那么具体的需要大家积累的事例有哪些?如何更好的运用这些内容呢?下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  1.创新

  Marcel Duchamp

  先是马塞尔·杜尚,这是现代艺术史中的传奇人物,创意百出,信马由缰,最出名的乱搞是在摊上买了一个尿池,命名为《泉》,拿到艺术馆展出。杜尚家底十分殷实,是少有的走在时代尖端而不用忍受贫穷的艺术家。他涉及的艺术领域极其广泛,可以看作近代艺术里的达芬奇。

  他的例子几乎可以用到所有跟艺术相关的题目,其他类的部分题目也可以用(比如创新,outsider什么的—用来做补充:不需要是外来者,只要保持观念开放依然可以成就breaking through的achievement)

  背景:French-born American artist (though he always denied being “an artist”)

  His works had a major impact to the direction of 20 century art. All his life, he changed the form of art as well as himself. He introduced the European movement Cubism(立体主义) and dada(达达主义) to United States, and was influential in surrealist(超现实主义,很有名的达利就是搞这个的) movement.

  此外他还和installation art(装置艺术), concept art(概念艺术)这些现在很火的艺术形式有关

  泉的例子:Fountain, an ordinary, mass-produced urinal that has been transformed into a work of art simply by being exhibited in a gallery and receiving a new title.

  他说过一句话,Art may be bad, good or indifferent, but, whatever adjective is used, we must call it art, and bad art is still art in the same way as a bad emotion is still an emotion.

  可以用来扩展解释他思想的开放,同时把art和形容词换掉也是很好的 辨证类型的 GRE句子

  2.现实对艺术的影响

  Dada

  前面说到的达达主义。因为跟社会、战争联系很紧密,所以拿出来讲:

  DADA是一战以后欧洲的诗人画家搞的,因为战争的残酷让他们意识到之前的那些形而上的出世的艺术很没意义,有一部分就开始搞更没有意义的DADA

  The slaughter of World War I affected artists in different ways. Some felt, as Mondrian did, that human betterment lay in the creation of an impersonal, mechanistic way of life. Still others concluded that the very idea of human betterment was a pointless illusion. For this group, the main lesson of the war, if anything, was the bankruptcy of reason, politics, technology, and even art itself. On this premise, several artists and poets founded a movement whose name, dada, was purposely meaningless, and whose members ridiculed anything having to do with culture, politics, or aesthetics

  再补充一个现实跟艺术相连的,名气大一点,老朋友Picasso,不过是以作品为突破口,应该不会那么多雷同

  Guernica(就是一副长的、上面都是牛头马面的画,Guernica是西班牙北部的小镇,德国人把那炸了,毕加索听到后悲愤丛生,就画了它)

  《Guernica》 The painting’s color scheme proved effective for conveying the cruel reality

  Spanish painter Picasso created the masterpiece when he heard of the bombing ofGuernica during Spanish Civil War

  3.另一些悲惨的艺术家

  伦勃朗Rembrandt, 维梅尔Vermeer (荷兰黄金时期的两个大师,手法创新,在光影表现上都有独到之处。都不受同时代人重视,很符合大家心目中艺术家的Stereotype,可以用来替换梵高、毕加索这类妇孺皆知的大佬)

  Rembrandt(艺术成就上比Vermeer高点)

  Rembrandt, Dutch baroque artist, who ranks as one of the greatest painters in the history of Western art. His work made an enormous impact on his contemporaries and influenced the style of many later artists. Perhaps no painter has ever equaled Rembrandt's chiaroscuro effectsor his bold impasto.

  Vermeer(不知道大家看过《戴珍珠耳环的女孩》girl with a pearl earring吗,就是说他的,不过故事是假的,Vermeer的日子可能比电影里更惨)

  Jan Vermeer reputed the greatest painter besides Rembrandt in Dutch Golden Age, had a marvelous ability in expressing lights and shadow, but he died young left his family no legacy but deep debt. During his lifetime, he had not sold one piece of his paintings. After his death Vermeer did not receive attention until the late 19th century. His reputation steadily increased thereafter, and today he is considered one of the greatest Dutch painters.

  4.跨专业的牛人

  跨专业领域,outsider achievement的文章很适用

  M.C. Escher (艾舍尔,就是画图形渐变、现实中不存在的空间的画的人,很牛,也很神经质,他只上过中学,作品却很受数学家推崇。)

  Dutch M.C Escher leaps from art to mathematics. Escher had no formal mathematical training beyond secondary school, but his fantastic print works, such as Escher Limit Cycle and Day and Night, are most greatly admired by mathematicians, who recognized his work an extraordinary visualization of mathematics principles, and considered him a part of them.

  分性艺术创始人,IBM研究院搞数学、物理的,结果创造出了新的艺术形式,分形艺术。

  Benoit Mandelbort was a scientist at IBM Watson Research Center. On his retirement from IBM, he joined the Yale Department of Mathematics. By now, you can tell any connections between him and art. Nonetheless, he has created a new geometry of nature called fractal that is centered in physics and mathematics, and being reputed as a innovative form of art. The explanation is that artist and scientist are expressing in distinct methods but journeying the same destination, such as balance, harmony, symmetry, and the like.

  5.现代与创新的结合

  就是大家都很了解的设计中银大厦,卢浮宫金字塔的老贝,这里引用的是卢浮宫的例子。

  Louvre, national art museum of France.

  Chinese-born American architect I. M. Pei designed this controversial glass pyramid (completed in 1989) at the entrance to the Louvre, a museum in Paris, France. Noted for his unique arrangements of geometric shapes, Pei also earned a reputation for his creative use of space, surfaces, and materials. One of the foremost architects of the 20th century, Pei has designed important public and corporate buildings throughout the world and has worked with urban renewal.

  以上就是关于“托福写作事例积累整理”的内容,希望通过上述内容的学习,大家能够更好的来备考托福写作考试,希望大家在考试中能够有更好的成绩。


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