1.Do you agree that it needs to take risks or keep cautious and careful and take less risks for a person to finally reach success? Give reasons to explain your choice.
It is a fact that there are certain factors that would have a role to play in achieving success. Some would argue that taking risks is more important rather than keeping cautious and careful and take less risks, however on the other hand, some would not think so. The following passage will explore the relative importance of taking risks and keeping cautious and careful in order to achieve success.
To demonstrate the statement, it seems to be necessary to make clear that in what areas a person can achieve success. It is obvious that success can be achieved in science, technology and business etc.
If one wants to be successful in the field of science, he or she needs to think differently, which may cause them to be laughed at, to be objected or to be separated by other counterparts. But it is well worth noticing that science encompasses so many things, which can be as little as an atom and as big as the whole universe, that a specific observation could overturn the prior authorities. When it comes to this point, a scientist is supposed to show his or her opinion although many objections would occur and even he or she would be severely punished by the local government. Einstein, who was selected as Person of the 20th Century by Times Weekly, came up with what is well known as special theory of relativity when he was 26, which contradicted Newton’s classic force theory. At that time, a large number of people refuted his ideas and some even criticized him on the newspaper. In that case, Einstein didn’t give up, and finally got the Nobel Prize when he was 42. If he couldn’t insist on his own opinion and surrendered to the public, how could he make such a contribution to science?
This also applies to technology and business. If a person wants to make a difference in those areas, he or she is supposed to think differently and behave differently. Jack Ma, the CEO of Alibaba, which is the largest e-business corporation in China, is very adventurous. When he first started the company, many investors and cooperators didn’t understand him because it was a brand new area at that time in China. But instead of changing direction for easier life, he picked the tougher way. He took risks because he believed that he was right, and finally he succeeded.
But one cannot forget/overlook that taking risks is based on making full preparation, which might include careful thinking, and only in this way can a person reduce the risk to the lowest level. As I mentioned above, Einstein and Jack Ma were both adventurous individuals, but their adventures were based on their careful preparation. To some extent, they were passionate to take risks, and meanwhile they were cautious, careful and made full preparation to reduce risks.
So as a final statement I would like to say that the spirit of taking risks comes in very handy when one wants to succeed, but at the same time he or she should try to be cautious and careful to decrease the possibility of failure.
2.Do you agree or disagree with the following statement that some people think nowadays the media (TV, newspaper, Internet) are less concerned about the accuracy of news than in the past, and the incorrect information may cause more problems to the public?
I agree with the statement that nowadays the media (TV, newspaper, Internet) are less concerned about the accuracy of news than in the past, which may cause some problems to the public.
With the development of technology, it is way faster to publish news on TV and internet than before because newspapers tended to be the only source of news people could obtain in the past. Since the time between events happening and events reported has been shorter, the accuracy of the events may be decreased because it takes time to collect evidence and facts to verify what is really going on. You would ask why those media are eager to release the news so fast. The reason seems so self-evident because there are tons of media on TV and internet and they are competing with each other. The sooner, the better, not only for them but for readers because curiosity is the natural instinct of everybody. If they can satisfy our curiosity faster, they will benefit faster. But compared to current situations, there were not hi-tech media in the past and newspapers are the mainstream medium, so the competition among them was not so intense, which means that they could focus on the news and took accuracy as their priority.
Additionally, nowadays news are mainly spread through internet and most newspaper companies and TV stations have their own websites to report news at the first time. So it is really difficult for governments to supervise them. And plus, fake news tends to attract people more because they are always exaggerated and more interesting or serious than the truth. In order to attract more people and obtain more benefits, it is highly probable for those current media to spread fake news. But in the past, let’s say the time when newspaper was invented. The facts on them must be absolutely true because that is why they were invented. As time goes by, competition occurs and benefits becomes more important. As a result, accuracy is weakened.
I also agree with that the incorrect information may cause more problems to the public because people make decisions based on facts. If they are misled by the media, how are they supposed to end up the best decision? Suppose that a young adult is picking a university he/she wants to attend. If the university, which is not really high-ranked, is reported to be a very prestigious university by the media, then he/she would probably select it, which would definitely entail many negative consequences on their future.
To sum it up, the accuracy of news is paid less attention by many media, which causes many problems. So I strongly recommend the government should strengthen the supervision on them, even if it’s easier said than done.