托福和雅思考试都是出国留学的语言考试,而且两个考试的科目是一样的,因此在备考某些科目的时候,我们用到的复习资料是一样的,对于写作部分,大家都需要掌握一些高分必备的句型,具体的这些句型都有哪些呢?下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  第一,定语从句。

  这应该算是写作中最常用的一种句型之一。适当地运用定语从句能够给你的文章增色不少。

  例如,下面的这两个语句用上定语从句立刻就变成了一个美丽的复杂句。

  Bad books contain evil thoughts. In them, there might be much description about violence, superstition, and sex.

  → Bad books, in which there might be much description about violence, superstition, and sex, contain evil thoughts.

  第二,状语从句。

  在写作傍边运用的最多的是以下五种状语从句,即原因状语从句,让步状语从句,条件状语从句,时间状语从句和意图状语从句。

  1. 原因状语从句:常由because, as, since和for引导

  Eg: Nonetheless, I am still in favor of space travel, for its merits far outweigh demerits.

  尽管如此,我仍是拥护太空探险,由于它的好处远远大于坏处。

  2. 让步状语从句:常由although, though, even though/ if, as long as和notwithstanding引导

  Eg: Although this view is wildly held, this is little evidence that education can be obtained at any age and at any place.

  尽管这一观念被广泛承受,很少有依据表明教育能够在任何地址、任何年龄进行。

  3. 条件状语从句:常由if, on the condition that和providing that引导

  Eg: If you want to achieve something or intend to fulfill one of your ambitions, you must work hard, make efforts and get prepared.

  假如你要取得成果或要完成你的雄心壮志,你必须努力工作、艰苦奋斗、准备好条件。

  4. 时间状语从句:常由when和while引导

  Eg: When it comes to education, the majority of people believe that education is a lifetime study.

  提到教育,大部分人以为其是一个毕生的学习。

  5. 意图状语从句: 常由so that和in order that引导

  Eg: Millions of people have to spend more time and energy on studying new skills and technology so that they can keep a favorable position in job market.

  不计其数的人们不得不花费更多的精力和时间学习新的技能和知识,使得他们在工作市场能保持优势。

  第三,宾语从句。

  Eg: Some people claim that government should be mainly responsible for the environmental pollution.

  一些人以为政府应对环境污染负首要职责。

  Eg: Many experts point out that, along with the development of modern society, it is an inevitable result and there is no way to avoid it.

  许多专家指出这是现代社会发展必定的结果,无法避免。

  第四,同位语从句。

  Eg: It is an undeniable fact that environmental pollution becomes increasingly serious.

  环境污染变得越来越严峻是不行否认的现实。

  Eg: No one can deny the basic fact that it is impossible for average workers to master those high-technology skills easily.

  没有人能否认这一根本现实:对于一般工人来讲,轻松掌握这些技能是不行能的。

  第五,主语从句。

  Eg: What has caught our attention is /It is noticeable that the environment in both the rural and urban areas is deteriorating.

  值得注意的是农村和城市的生态环境都在不断恶化。

  Eg: It is universally acknowledged that environmental pollution becomes one of the most serious problems in China or even the world as a whole.

  众所周知,环境污染问题是中国乃至世界面对的最为严峻的问题之一。

  第六,着重句: It is + 被着重的内容 + that

  Eg: It is cars and factories that release a great deal of gases, polluting the environment.

  轿车和工厂排放大量的废气,使得环境被污染。

  第七,倒装句。

  Eg: Only if the government will take some appropriate measures, will this intractable problem be tackled.

  只要政府采取适当的办法,这个棘手的问题才干被处理。

  第八,被动语态。

  Eg: Every means should be tried to protect the environment on which people live.

  人们应尽心竭力来保护咱们赖以生存的环境。

  第九, 分词结构:包括现在分词和过去分词。

  Eg: Tourism, which is a rising industry, has become the major source of economy, playing crucial role in many Asian countries.

  旅游业是一个新兴的职业,它成为经济的首要来历, 在许多东南亚国家起着尤为重要的效果。

  Eg: To be more specific, government should stage some relevant laws or regulations to severely punish the factory producing a great number of pollutants and the people

  littering or spitting deliberately.

  具体来说,政府应该出台相关法律法规对制造大量污染物的工厂及故意乱扔垃圾随地吐痰的人进行严惩。

  第十, 插入语。

  一种独立成分,与语句的其它成分一般没有语法上的联系,大都是对一句话作一些附加阐明或解说。它一般由一个词、一个短语或一个语句构成,方位较为灵敏,可置于句首、句中或句末,一般用逗号

  或破折号与语句离隔。

  Eg: Computer, an indispensable part in our life, has brought us great conveniences.

  电脑,咱们日子中必不行少的一部分,给咱们带来了极大的方便。

  Eg: College students, lacking social experience, are easily cheated.

  大学生,没有社会经验,容易上当受骗。

  以上就是关于“雅思托福复杂高分句型解析”的内容,希望通过上述内容的学习,大家能够更好的来备考这些句型,预祝大家考试取得高分成绩。


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