托福考试中,长难句也是考试的一大难点。尤其是阅读部分,长难句的出现,往往也会影响大家的阅读。那么在具体的复习中,我们到底应该如何来更好的攻克长难句?长难句的特点都有哪些呢?下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  51.What they do is look at familiar conditions from a perspective that makes these conditions seem foolish,

  harmful or affected.

  (what引导主语从句;that引导定语从句)

  它们所做的就是从这样一个角度来看待熟悉的环境,使这些环境看上去愚蠢、有害或做作。

  分句1:what…

  分句2:is

  分句3:that makes

  1和2嵌套

  2和3嵌套

  52.Satire jars US out of complacence into a pleasantly shocked realization that many of the values we

  unquestioningly accept are false.

  (out of…into…摆脱…,进入…;that引导的从句many of the values…are false作realization的同位语;we

  unquestioningly accept作values的定语)

  讽刺作品使我们摆脱了自满情绪,并在愉快与震惊之中认识到:许多我们毫无疑问地接受的价值观是错误

  的。

  分句1:Satire jars…

  分句2:that many…

  分句3:we unquestioningly…

  2和3嵌套

  1和2嵌套

  53.With spontaneous irreverence,satire rearranges perspectives.scrambles familiar objects into incongruous

  juxtaposition and speaks in a personal idiom instead of abstract platitude.

  (and连接并列句)

  讽刺作品用自然流露的嘲讽态度再设了视角,将熟悉的事物自相矛盾地置于一起,使用个性化语言,而不

  是抽象的陈词滥调。

  本句为单句,主语是satire,谓语为3个平行的动词:rearranges, scrambles, speaks…

  With 引导介词短语为伴随状态。

  54.It has lived because readers appreciate a refreshing stimulus,an irreverent reminder that they lived in a world

  of platitudinous thinking, cheap moralizing, and foolish philosophy.

  (that引导的从句作reminder的同位语)

  它之所以存在,是因为读者欣赏它使人耳目一新的刺激,它毫不客气地提醒:他们活在一个充满陈腐思想、

  廉价的道德说教与荒谬哲学的世界里。

  分句1:it has lived…

  分句2:because readers…

  分句3:that they lived…

  1和2为并列

  2和3为嵌套

  55. Soldiers rarely hold the ideals that movies attribute to them。nor do ordinary citizens devote their lives to

  unselfish service of humanity.

  (特殊结构attribute to——赋予,归因于;nor放在句首引起倒装)

  军人很少拥有人们在电影中赋予他们的那种理想,普通公民也很少奉献他们的生命为人类无私地服务。

  分句1:soldiers…

  18 分句

  2:that movies…

  分句3:nor do ordinary citizens…

  1和3并列

  1和2嵌套

  56.In addition to having to be a generalist while specializing in what may seem to be a narrow field,the

  researcher is faced with the problem of primary materials that have little or no documentation.

  (what引导的从句作specializing in的宾语)

  除了在专攻似乎是一个狭窄领域时不得不成为多面手以外,研究人员还面临着关于原始材料的文献很少或

  者根本没有这一问题。

  分句1:in addition to…

  分句2:what may seem …

  分句3:the researcher is…

  分句4:that has little…

  1和2嵌套

  1和3并列

  3和4嵌套

  57.Moreover,the degree to which cones are naturally slightly open or tightly closed helps determine which bill

  design is the best.

  (句子主干是the degree…helps determine…,从句to which cones are naturally slightly open or tightly closed

  作degree的定语)

  而且球果自然地轻微开口或紧紧关闭的程度有助于确定哪种喙的设计是最好的。

  Hygiene

  58.It was she,a Baltimore printer,who published the first official copies of the Declaration,the first copies that

  included the names of its signers and therefore heralded the support of all thirteen colonies.

  (It was…who为强调句;the first copies为前面the first official copies的同位语)

  就是她,一位巴尔的摩的印刷商,出版了《独立宣言》的最早的官方版本,即包括《独立宣言》签署者名

  字并因此预告所有13个殖民地的支持的早期版本。

  分句1:it was…

  分句2:who publish…

  分句3:the first

  1和2嵌套

  2和3嵌套

  以上就是关于“托福长难句精选440句”的内容,希望通过上述内容的学习,大家能够更好的了解托福长难句,找到这些长难句的特点,更好地攻克它们。

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