托福阅读部分文章是有一定难度的,这些难度都是来自于阅读的长难句部分,句子结构复杂内容繁多,智课小编为大家整理的托福阅读100个长难句实例分析托福阅读100个长难句精选汇总深度解析一文,希望可以帮助到大家。

  原句案例:

  The frequency with which certain simple motifs appear in these oldest sites has led rock-art researchers to adopt a descriptive term—the Panaramitee style—a label which takes its name from the extensive rock pavements at Panaramitee North indesert South Australia, which are covered with motifs pecked into the surface.

  词汇讲解:

  motif /məʊ'tiːf/ n. 装饰的图案或式样;(音乐的)乐旨,(文学的)主题.

  term n. 术语

  peck /pek/ v. <鸟>以喙啄

  结构划分:

  The frequency (with which certain simple motifs appear in these oldest sites) has led rock-art researchers to adopt a descriptive term—the Panaramitee style—alabel (which takes its name from the extensive rock pavements at Panaramitee North in desertSouth Australia),(which are covered with motifs pecked into the surface.)

  深度分析:

  这个句子的主干:The frequency has led rock-art researchers to adopt a descriptive term

  注意这里的lead...to短语

  修饰一:(with which certain simple motifs appear in these oldest sites) ,从句,修饰the frequency

  中文:一些简单图案出现在这些最古老遗址上

  修饰二:(which takes its name from the extensive rock pavements at Panaramitee North in desert South Australia) ,从句修饰a label,注意这个从句里面还有两个介词短语:

  which takes its name (from the extensive rock pavements)(at Panaramitee North in desert South Australia)

  (from the extensive rock pavements) ,来自宽广的岩石路面

  (at Panaramitee North in desert South Australia),在澳大利亚南部沙漠Panaramitee North

  中文:取名于在澳大利亚南部沙漠Panaramitee North宽广的岩石路面

  修饰三:(which are covered with motifs pecked into the surface.) ,从句,修饰rock pavements,注意这个从句里面还有个非谓语动词:

  which are covered with motifs (pecked into the surface.)

  (pecked into the surface.),刻进路面

  中文:这些路面被刻进表面的图案所覆盖

  参考翻译:

  一些简单图案出现在这些最古老遗址上的频率使得岩石艺术研究人员采用了一个描述性的术语——Panaramitee风格——这个称号取名于在澳大利亚南部沙漠Panaramitee North宽广的岩石路面,这些路面被刻进表面的图案所覆盖。

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