为了帮助参加托福考试的考生们,智课研究小组特为大家整理了2019年4月13日托福写作小范围预测,是希望考生们在托福写作上能够拿到满意的成绩,希望本文能够给各位考生们带来帮助,智课小编预祝大家考试顺利哦!

  1. Which way do you think is the best for a student to make new friends?

  1) Joining a sports team

  2) Participating in community activities

  3) Traveling

  It is commonly believed that making friends is an essential part of people's normal social life. This is especially true for students, whose personalities have not been fully developed, and friends will surely help mold their character and share their growing pains as well as happiness. So which way, among joining a sports team, participating in community activities and traveling is the best for students to make friends? My choice is joining a sports team.

  In the first place, joining a sports team is definitely a great opportunity for students to meet their peers. Even though students spend most of their time at school and surrounded by their peers. Actually, in most cases, a student can only know a few classmates well. Joining a sports team, however, enables students to see many other students outside their classroom. Take me for an example, on the badminton team of my school, I met my partner whom I had barely talked to before. We often played together and enjoyed ourselves so much that we finally became good friends.

  Further, on a sports team, students collaborate with each other, which can bring them a sense of unity and close friendship naturally develops. For example, boys on a basketball team will spend a lot of time practicing together. After many tough games, the boys on the team will be able to understand each other only by action. They share the same goal and same interests. They laugh and cry together. Their friendship is so strong that can last for the whole lifetime.

  Admittedly, participating in community activities and traveling are quite good ways of making new friends as well. However, I believe that playing sports on a team is an even better way. When participating community activities or traveling, students meet with new people, too. Nevertheless, the people who they meet with are usually from a completely different background from them, so the chances are that it is hard for them to find common interests, let alone make friends with them.

  Based on all these arguments, joining a sports team is arguably the best way for students to make friends. I hope that more and more students go out of their houses and a good time playing sports with their friends.

  2. Some people have ambitious dreams and keep pursuing them, but other people always focus on realistic goals and try to achieve them. Which do you think is better and why?

  Dream, a concept appreciated by numerous literary figures in every phase of history, is still sought-after in current society of relatively great affluence. What makes life dreary is a want of motive, most people may contend. But is it a universally accepted idea that we should always dream big? Or is a more approachable dream a better choice? In spite of the fact that some people maintain that high expectations are keys to everything. Personally, argue that a more realistic and achievable goal to be a desirable option.

  First off, separate realistic goals lay a solid foundation for ambitious dreams in a long run. The journey of a thousand miles starts with one step, which implicitly reveals that any aspiring aim is composed of small realistic ones. Take myself as an example. As a 29-year-old female, my ultimate goal in my life is to become a writer, be it successful or less-acclaimed, since my foremost form of entertainment in my spare time is reading and I could not help imagining myself to become a writer like Alice Munro. A Canadian female Nobel prize winner, who can depict everyday detail to its essence, or be in the shoes of Nabokov, a Russia-born American writer, who put all literary tricks under his control. However, can Rome be built in a single day? Enterprising may it seem, the goal is no easy task; what is worse, it may even be a goal that cannot be accomplished within a lifetime, as a result of which, I set more facile tasks: I can write book reports, I can write movie reviews, or I can outline scripts. Not only are these small practices less exhausting and frustrating, but also they are best means to hone my authorship abilities. As time passes by, quantitative accumulation will reach to a point where fundamental changes take place. Who can know what will happen the next day? Thus, it is not because ambitious dreams are not good in themselves, but it is attainable aims that not merely amp up your spirits but also foster your full capability.

  On top of that, misinterpretation of success results in a false impression that fulfilling ambitious dreams becomes unprecedentedly easy, exposing people under more unpredictable risks. Digital age indeed affords people to access and process information with ever increasing speed, but that nearly all of us enjoy this cutting-edge merits does not necessarily meant that we will all savor its ends, only a small portion will. For example, the publishing world is teeming with books teaching people the so-called “success science”, offering people a mirage in which they can gain success overnight. In order to draw people’s eyeballs, those “success science” books tell stories about how grassroots turn to be entrepreneurs with their iron-will and perseverance. Undeniably, strong will plays its role in the way towards accomplishment. Nevertheless, a cruel truth is automatically ignored: most people can never achieve ambitious dreams because they lack the necessary background, human resources, or even visionary perspectives. Although the former two are external factors and the latter is internal, all of them are of great importance, without which it will be difficult for anyone to be deemed successful. In addition, multiple examples of failures, omitted from this kind of books, which is a routine practice to report the good but not the bad, are under water, just like the iceberg theory. If that easy, why are there only one Steve Jobs in America and one Ma Yun in China within decades? Misunderstanding of success probabilities leads to unreasonable chase of ambitious goals; hence, people had better stick to realistic objectives if they do not want to involve in failures.

  In a nutshell, goals with ambition may create impossibilities, but it makes more sense for ordinary people to pursue realistic dreams for approachable ones assist people in developing abilities needed to dream big and avoiding unnecessary setbacks.

  3. If you need to take a course, which professor's course would you like to take?

  1) A professor who was voted the most popular

  2) A professor who has just won an award for outstanding research

  The scenario asks me to choose between taking a course with the school’s most popular professor or with a professor who recently won an award for their research. I suspect most would say they’d prefer to study under the professor who just won the award. I understand why they might think that’s the better option, but they’re wrong. I’d prefer to study under the popular professor.

  First off, the award-winning professor won that award for outstanding research. If the award were for outstanding teaching, then maybe I would consider taking that class. There’s a chance that the award-winning professor is one of those academics who is great at research but not great at helping others understand the subject. For example, I have a friend who always gets an “A” in every class, but he doesn’t have the communication skills to help others understand assignments. When he tries to help me, I end up more confused than when I started. Teaching is a skill, and I can’t be sure that the professor who is good at research has that skill.

  Meanwhile, there must be a reason why students like the popular teacher more. Sure, we could be cynical and assume that students would favor a professor who gives them an easy workload. However, I like to give people more credit than that. Students are paying to learn, so they’re passionate about their subjects. From my experience, students want a professor who will make class interesting by inspiring their passion and preparing them for a career. Therefore, I think it’s a safe bet that the professor who won the “most popular” vote would be the teacher with the best teaching skills.

  On top of that, the class with the popular teacher is likely to have the most motivated classmates. Popular classes fill up fast, and so the students who get into those classes are the students who dedicated time into researching the best professors and who made sure they were first in line to register for classes. Motivated classmates can take a good class and make it great. They make class discussions more valuable, group projects more productive, and they’re always up for study groups.

  In short, the most important skills for a teacher is, of course, teaching. Award-winning research is great, but it doesn’t guarantee good teacher. The popular professor has proven to teach well and is more likely to have a class full of motivated students. That’s the class I’d choose.

  4. What is the most important thing for a country’s leader to assure the prosperity of the country:

  1) Creating more jobs for unemployed worker

  2) Increasing agriculture and lowering the food price

  3) Increasing access to affordable house

  All governments on the planet engage in finding the best methods to develop their country into a more powerful nation with abundant resources. These methods are supposed to cover as many people as possible and with no doubt, be effective enough to bring about profits as soon as possible. Among all the approaches that are aiming at advancing a country. I firmly believe that the issues associated with food are more important and should be paid more attention to by countries.

  First of all, under no circumstances can human live without food supply, which is the premise of all human activities. As a result, solving the problems in agriculture and the availability of food to all people is an essential factor in the development of a country. When people have rice to eat, they have more energy to work in the fields; when people are supplied with meat, they are more passionate in manufacturing crafts and tools; when people have cheaper fruits on the markets, they become more willing to serve his customers at work; when people have easier access to clothes, they are more inspired in doing researches and experiments. No progress can be made with hungry stomachs.

  Second, it is easier to advance agriculture than to create more job positions for unemployed workers. Increasing agricultural production depend largely on good command of planting or farming knowledge and technology. For the knowledge aspect, information can be obtained through diverse channels like books, magazines and the internet, where information is not only authorized but also comprehensive. For the technology aspect, the governments can either invest in researches in crop properties or genetic modification or purchase equipment or technology from those few highly developed countries that fulfill the responsibility to help more other countries. Nonetheless, creating work opportunities is not that easy, since companies, either state owned or privately owned, have certain precise requirement for the number of workers according to the types of business they undertake and current situation of the market.

  Finally, promoting the food industry benefit more people than affordable housing can do. As we have discussed above, food is needed by everybody and better agricultural conditions make a so great difference that it extends how far a government can go. In contrast, few people need houses, especially in this modernized society. As a direct consequence of building more housing apartments, most individuals already possess a house to live in, where means whether the houses are affordable or not has little or no influence on the overall development of the country.

  To sum up, I believe what we eat means more than what we do and where we live. The leaders of all countries should focus more on the improvement of food availability and more and more people will live a happier life.

  5. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement that the only effective way for governments to encourage energy conservation is to increase the price of gasoline and electricity?

  The effective only way for governments to encourage energy conservation is to increase the price of gasoline and electricity.

  Energy shortage is an issue that plagues many governments and causes increasing concerns. The way of raising the price of gasoline and electricity to encourage energy conservation does have some merits. But I contend that there are more effective and feasible approaches to reach the same purpose.

  Admittedly, by motivating energy users to reduce their consumption, the increased prices can take effect in energy conversation to some extent. For the purpose of saving money, people will restrain themselves, driving less and using electricity less. However, such solution only scratch the surface, just a temporary relief, not a permanent cure. The majority of people use gasoline and electricity out of necessity, especially those whose commutes to work are rather time-consuming, so they will not change their consumption habits just due to the raised prices.

  A more efficient way is to improve the density and convenience of public transportation. When the places where people works can be reached by mass transit. Especially by metro which does not have the plight of traffic jam, most of people will choose not to drive their own cars because it takes more time and more money compared with metro, which can remarkably reduce energy consumed for transportation.

  The second plausible solution is to stimulate the inventing of energy-efficient products and encourage consumers to use such products. A prominent example of this is the energy savings that can be made by replacing incandescent light bulbs with more modern alternatives, such as compact fluorescent and LED bulbs, which may have higher upfront cost but their long lifespan and low energy use can save consumers a considerable amount of money. Very similarly, fuel-efficient vehicles should be the trend of future, as well as new energy cars such as those powered by hydrogen-based fuel-cell or ethanol.

  In conclusion, higher energy price is not the best solution to energy conservation, while the improvement of infrastructure and energy-efficient products are more effective and efficient.

  以上就是智课小编整理的精彩内容2019年4月13日托福写作小范围预测一文,以上内容供大家参考,预祝考上理想院校!

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