托福阅读推断题部分,也有一定的解题技巧。大家在具体的备考中,可以更全面的掌握这些方法,为解题做好相应的准备。那么具体的这些内容是什么?如何更好的进行积累练习?下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  那么,我们改如何应对推断题呢?推断题真的像我们想象的这么难么?

  今天我们一起来从考查形式上来解刨一下推断题。

  题干特征:推断题的题干经常会出现infer,suggest,imply, indicate这类单词

  考查形式主要分为两大类:对比推断和细节推断,而后者出现的几率更大。

  考查形式一:对比推断

  A时间对比:一般有两个形成对比的时间点,它们所具有的特征一般相反。如:原文会出现before1990的信息,而题目会问after 1990的信息?

  解决方案:收集问题对应的时间点的信息,然后取反。

  注意原文中出现的表示时间节点的词 before, after, not…until…

  例题

  The story of the westward movement of population in the United States is, in the main,the story of the expansion of American agriculture-of the development of new areas for theraising of livestock and the cultivation of wheat, corn, tobacco, and cotton. After 1815improved transportation enabled more and more western farmers to escape a self-sufficientway of life and enter a national market economy during periods when commodity prices werehigh, the rate of westward migration increased spectacularly. “Old America seemed to bebreaking up and moving westward,” observed an English visitor in 1817, during the first greatwave of migration. Emigration to the west reached a peak in the 1830’s, whereas in 1810 onlya seventy of the American people lived west of the Appalachian mountains, by 1840 more thana third lived there.

  What can be inferred from paragraph 1 about western farmers prior to 1815?

  ○They had limited their crop production to wheat, corn, tobacco, and cotton.

  ○They were able to sell their produce at high prices.

  ○They had not been successful in raising cattle.

  ○They did not operate in a national market economy.

  答案D

  对应关键句:After 1815 improved transportation enabled more and more western farmersto escape a self-sufficient way of life and enter a national market economy during periodswhen commodity prices were high, the rate of westward migration increased spectacularly.

  B直接对比:两个或多个事物的特征——如原文会出现A的特点,然后会有B和A相比较的信息,然后题目问B的特点?

  解决方案:收集题干所问的推断对象(about后面的信息一般为推断对象)的全部信息(一般为上述的B),然后在原文所描述的与之相关的信息(一般为上述的A)的基础之上取反。

  注意原文中出现的表示对比的关系词:by contrast, unlike, while, whereas,on the contrary, incomparison to, distinct from, different from等词。

  例题

  Paragraph 1: It should be obvious that cetaceans-whales, porpoises, and dolphins-aremammals. They breathe through lungs, not through gills, and give birth to live young. Theirstreamlined bodies, the absence of hind legs, and the presence of a fluke and blowholecannot disguise their affinities with land-dwelling mammals. However, unlike the cases of seaotters and pinnipeds (seals, sea lions, and walruses, whose limbs are functional both on landand at sea), it is not easy to envision what the first whales looked like. Extinct but, already fullymarine cetaceans are known from the fossil record. How was the gap between a walkingmammal and a swimming whale bridged? Missing until recently were fossils clearlyintermediate, or transitional, between land mammals and cetaceans.

  Which of the following can be inferred from paragraph 1 about early sea otters?

  ○It is not difficult to imagine what they looked like

  ○There were great numbers of them.

  ○They lived in the sea only.

  ○They did not leave many fossil remains.

  答案A

  对应关键句:However, unlike the cases of sea otters and pinnipeds (seals, sea lions, andwalruses, whose limbs are functional both on land and at sea), it is not easy to envision whatthe first whales looked like.

  以上就是关于“托福阅读推断题技巧”的内容,希望通过上述内容的学习,让大家更好地备考考试,小编在这里预祝大家在考试中有更好的发挥,拿到高分成绩,如果大家在备考中有什么疑问,也可以咨询我们的在线老师哟~~~


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