阅读部分伊丽莎白 playhouse 的设计，为什么是圆的没有屋顶，有 3 个假说
参考范文The reading passage and lecture debate on the design of Elizabeth Playhouse. The reading passage proposes three theories to account for the lack of roof in the desigh, which are all contradicted by the following lecture.
The first theory in the reading suggests that it was under the influence of Roman architecture, based on the fact that a book on Roman architecture was published back then, which was popular among architects in Britain. Also, the house resembles Roman structures with arched dome. However, the lecturer challenges the theory by pointing out that those in charge of the construction were all merchants with little education background. The book was written in Latin, which can be only read by well-educated people, rather than merchants.
The second theory in the reading proposes that it was influenced by the design of circus, since it is the first to adopt the dome design. Yet the lecture states that circus is often surrounded by fences, which keep animals in captivity. Also, audiences’ views will be blocked with the fences.
The last theory, according to the reading, claims that the design is adopted with economic benefit. Without roof, sunlight can come into the structure, reducing the need for candles. On the contrary, the professor in the lecture contends that the roofless building will be easily bothered by severe weather conditions. On a rainy day, the ground will get wet, resulting in fewer audiences and lower profit.