托福阅读部分,关于长难句的有效积累,我们可以进行更好的复习。毕竟攻克这些长难句,也是大家备考的重点。那么这些经典的长难句都有哪些?如何更好的解决这些难点,提高分数?下面小编为大家整理了详细的内容,供大家参考!

  1.Totally without light and subjected to intense pressures hundreds of times greater than at the Earth’s surface,the deep—ocean bottom is a hostile environment to humans,in some ways as forbidding and remote as the void of outer space.

  (定语后置in some ways…)

  由于完全没有光,而且承受着比在地球表面大数百倍的极大压力,深海底部对人类而言是一个充满敌意的

  环境,在某些方面就像外层空间一样险恶和遥远。

  分句1:Totally without light and subjected to intense pressures

  分句2:hundreds of times greater than at the Earth’s surface

  分句3:the deep—ocean bottom is a hostile environment to humans

  分句4:in some ways as forbidding and remote as the void of outer space

  分句2修饰分句1结尾的短语intense pressures,

  分句1是分句3的原因状语

  分句3是整个长句子的主句

  分句4是分句3的后置定语,修饰分句3的a hostile environment to humans

  整个句子结构是:

  原因状语+主句+后置定语

  这是主句前后分别有状语和定语的修饰成分,但是本句其实不是复合句。句子的核心意思是深海对于人类

  而言是一个充满敌意的环境。

  2.Basic to any understanding of Canada in the 20 years after the Second World War is the country's impressive

  population growth.

  (倒装结构Basic to any understanding…is…)

  要理解二战之后20年中的加拿大,就必须了解该国惊人的人口增长。

  分句1:Basic to any understanding of Canada in the 20 years after the Second World War

  分句2:is

  分句3:the country's impressive population growth

  分句1,2,3共同构成倒装句,正常的语序应该是3,2,1,即:该句的正常语序是The country's impressive

  population growth is basic to any understanding of Canada in the 20 years after the Second World War.

  本句是一个简单句,只不过使用了倒装,谓语动词是is.

  3.As a result,claims that eating a diet consisting entirely of organically grown foods prevents or cures disease or

  provides other benefits to health have become widely publicized and form the basis for folklore.

  (同位语从句claims that…)

  结果,那些认为只食用绿色食品就能防治疾病或增进健康的观点广为人知,并成为一些民间说法的基础。

  分句1: that eating a diet consisting entirely of organically grown foods prevents or cures disease or provides

  other benefits to health

  分句2:claims have become widely publicized and form the basis for folklore

  分句2嵌套分句1,分句1作为分句2主语的同位语从句嵌套在分句2中。因此本句的主句是claims have

  become widely publicized and form the basis for folklore. 那些观点广为人知,并成为一些民间说法的基础。

  同位语从句是that eating a diet consisting entirely of organically grown foods prevents or cures disease or

  provides other benefits to health:只食用绿色食品就能防治疾病或增进健康

  4.There are numerous unsubstantiated reports that natural vitamins are superior to synthetic ones,that fertilized

  eggs are nutritionally superior to unfertilized eggs,that untreated grains are better than fumigated grains and the

  like.

  (并列同位语从句reports that…,that…,that…)

  关于天然维生素优于人造维生素,受精蛋比未受精蛋的营养价值更高,未经熏蒸消毒处理的谷物比经过处

  理的好等等报道屡见不鲜,但都没有得到证实。

  分句1:There are numerous unsubstantiated reports

  2分句

  2:natural vitamins are superior to synthetic ones

  分句3:that fertilized eggs are nutritionally superior to unfertilized eggs

  分句4:that untreated grains are better than fumigated grains and the like

  分句1是整个长句的主句,分句2、分句3和分句4是并列关系,共同构成分句1的同位语从句。本句的

  意思是有很多没有经过证实的报道,然后并列了三个未经过证实的报道的从句。

  5·The desperate plight of the South has eclipsed the fact that reconstruction had to be undertaken also in the

  North,though less spectacularly.

  (同位语从句fact that…)

  南方极为严重的困境使北方同样需要开始重建(尽管不像南方那么引人注目)这一事实显得不太重要。

  分句1. The desperate plight of the South has eclipsed the fact

  分句2. reconstruction had to be undertaken also in the North

  分句3.though less spectacularly (省略)

  1和2嵌套

  1和3并列

  6·The new accessibility of land around the periphery of almost every major city sparked an explosion of real

  estate development and fueled what we now know as urban sprawl.

  (宾语从句what we now know as)

  现在可以获得这些环绕几乎每个大城市边缘地区的土地,这一可能性激发了一场房地产开发的热潮并造成

  了我们现在称为城区无计划扩展的现象。

  分句1:The new accessibility of land around the periphery of almost every major city sparked an explosion of

  real estate development and fueled

  分句2:what we now know as urban sprawl

  分句1嵌套分句2,即分句1是主句,分句2是宾语从句,主句结构经过精简应该是The new accessibility

  of land sparked an explosion of real estate development and fueled urban sprawl。

  本句的理解困难还来自于抽象词fuel,它作为名词的含义广为人知,是能源、燃料,作为动词的时候的意

  思就可以引申为促使、造成。

  以上就是关于“托福阅读120长难句复习资料”的内容,想要更好地申请留学,那么大家在备考的过程中,就要更好地提高我们的语言成绩,这样在我们之后的申请中才能有更大的帮助。小编也提前预祝大家能够取得高分成绩。


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