智课小编为了帮助托福考生提升成绩,智课小编整理的托福独立写作四步写出高分开头段,本文是非常有帮助的,智课小编就来带领大家一起来学习一下吧,想要了解最新托福资讯,一定要及时关注智课吧!

  开头段是独立写作的起始,也是引入话题、提出作者观点的重要段落。在首段中,分别按照一引二扣三观四铺的顺序进行习作。其中第一步是引入话题,即进行话题的背景讨论,第二步是扣题,即点明议论文要讨论的话题,第三步是观点陈述,即作者针对话题提出自己的论点,第四步是铺垫下文,即为议论文的主体段做好逻辑铺垫。

  第一步:如何引入话题?

  首先确定题目讨论哪个方向的问题,然后以这个问题为中心,写一句介绍性的话。

  例题1:Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: People who develop different skills are more successful than people who develop one skill only. (你是否同意,越成功的人所具备的技能越多?)

  这个题目讨论的是个人成功(personal achievement) 所需 different skills 还是 one skill only 是本题所要包含的要素。有特点的引入而非套用模板的开头能成为文章的一大亮点。通常来说,一个好的引入可以控制在一句话的长度。

  话题引入是在破题过程中思考出的内容,用英语表达出来。下面是几个针对例题1写出的引言,供大家参考。

  1. People have long been interested in identifying the forces that contribute to personal achievement.

  2. In recent years, much more attention than ever before has been paid to the contributing skills of successful people.

  3. The importance of mastering multiple skill to one’s successis a matter of debate.

  4. Undoubtedly, more and more successful people are developing a wide range of skill sets to maintain their competitive advantages.

  5. According to a recent survey, more than 80% of the successful people in the world are those who have mastered skills from various theoretical or practical sources.

  考生可以记住一些开头句型,比如the importance of … to … is a matter of debate等,熟练应用到不同题目的练习中去,就可以在考场上迅速写出引入部分了。

  第二步:如何扣紧题目?

  第二步的作用是改写题目,点明论题。考生在这里要切忌抄写题目,此处所要展现的是用其他的表现形式,特别是一些相对高级的句型来进行对题目的同义改写,目的是突出考生的语言表达能力。

  这里我们为考生们推荐三个实用的句型,从而帮助实现高效的同义改写:

  经典句型:

  1. Whether successful people has been relying on single skill or a wide range of skill sets has been a topic/an issue of public interest and concern.

  2. There is much controversy over whether to be equipped with one skill or to master a variety of skills so as to achieve personal success.

  3. People have not reached a common agreement over whether it is one skill only or multiple skills that lead to a person’s success.

  类似的句子结构还有很多,考生可以在学习高分范文的过程中不断积累。

  以上就是智课小编整理的精彩内容托福独立写作四步写出高分开头段一文,希望可以帮助托福考生,更多精彩内容尽在智课,智课预祝托福考生取得理想成绩!

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