一、2016年3月北美考场

  3月5日新SAT考试写作文章是出自WashingtonPost 华盛顿邮报的一篇文章。此次新SAT首考的作文题的阅读文章源自E.J. Dionne Jr.于2013年7月3日发表在The Washington Post(《华盛顿邮报》)文章名为 A Call for National Service,原文作者大力提倡NationalService。

  1.文章理解上,本次考试文章主题明确,词汇句型难度正常。

  2.例证方面,本次考试文章中没有明显的数据或者研究结果类的例证,但是有对于他人的引用等论据。

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  It is widely acknowledged that a man inpossession of certain unalienable rights will not automatically undertake thecorresponding responsibilities. With an intense sense of social responsibility,American writer E. J. Dionne Jr. proclaims that civil obligations should beimplemented nationwide in his article “ A call for national service” inWashington post. He asserts unavoidable rights must be execrated. Strategies E.J. Dionne Jr. employs to bolster his argument include a personal anecdote, acitation of compelling polls, a quotation from the prestigious Americandocumentation, compare and contrast, paralleled structure and sincere appeal topathos.

  E.J. Dionne starts his article byillustrating that “ here is the sentence in the Declaration of Independence wealways remember” and “here is the sentence we often forget”, which are theparalleled structures to convey his urgency and attentive concern for the issuethat American citizens should cherish their obligations. Furthermore, hedirectly enumerates that the previous is on rights and the latter obligations.This distinct contrast is utilized to establish an emphasis on his latter pointby highlighting it as a coexisting factor relative to the former mentionedrights in American life. This literal tool serves as a strong technique to drawthe audience into the issue addressed in the wiring.

  By citing a quotation from “the Declarationof Independence” the author successfully establishes an authoritative image inthe readers’ heart that he is knowledgeable and thoughtful. E.J. Dionne’spresentation of a numerical statistics based on the accurate “237” year and agerange “18 and 28” strengthens his weight to his claim. Moreover, the authordemonstrates a personal anecdote that “last week, the Aspen Institute gathereda politically diverse group of Americans…to declare a commitment to give a yearof service to the country”, which provides a baseline for readers to findcredence and credibility with the author’s argument. This anecdote instantlyconnects the author and readers closely which leads to a spiritual resonance.

  Dionne Jr. reasons that not only Americanscould enjoy their rights: life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness freely butalso should assume their obligations on the solemn pledge of lives, fortunes andsacred honor. “There are no quick fixes to our sense of disconnection, butthere may be a way to restore our sense.” He first raises a precaution in thereaders’ heart then offers a sound solution to show the stringent andwell-organized thinking pattern. Subsequently, the author exemplifies anoccurrence last week, the precise time flow line, to underline the viewpointthat “ we do, indeed, owe something to our country and we owe an enormousdebt”.

  Dionne utilizes specific diction to enhancehis argument to convince his readers. He employs personal pronoun such as “ we”for the aim to intrigue his personnel involvement as part of this calling whichfortifies his persuasion as well as consolidates his credibility in thepreachment. Through the careful word selection, Dionne enhances his propositionby ascribing the liability as a fundamental issue. This augments for thepersuasion of his readers by informing them that this is a significant issuethat all people should be aware of and take heed to.

  Following the calling, the author lists thesolutions and the challenges in the final parts of the article. He makes anefficient use of rhetorical question to challenge his readers to ponder that “who knows whether the universal exception of service would change the countryas much as Mc Chrystal hopes.” By raising this question, Dionne draws outprofound comprehension on the proposal. “It’s based on the belief that certainunalienable rights entail certain unavoidable responsibilities”-----the authorinspires his readers to feel responsible for the fate of America’s future. Thisstrategy is obviously an appeal to pathos, calling the readers to actresolutely and adding the emotionally-infused spur to the American citizens.

  Overall, E. J. Dionne Jr. provides a coherentand strong logical argument that all Americans should enjoy the unalienablerights that have been prescribed in “the Declaration of Independence” andshoulder the obligations cross the lines of class, race, background, politics,ideology as well. He takes full advantages of a personal anecdote, compellingpolls, an authoritative quotation, compare and contrast, paralleled structureand heart-felt appeal to emotions to thoroughly illustrate his steadfastcalling for national service.

  二、5月7日亚太新SAT考试

  5月份亚太地区的新SAT写作阅读文章选自2009年发表在VanityFair上的由Christopher Hitchens写的一片社论文章——The Lovely Stones,讲的是希腊古雕塑本身艺术价值极高,历史上被破坏和贱卖给英国,作者主张应该还给希腊。

  1. 难度高于OG的文章和2016年3月北美的文章,主要是因为涉及较多历史、雕塑等专业词汇,许多考生可能阅读要花较多时间阅读且理解难度大;

  2. 主要的论证手法与OG范文公布的基本范围一致,首段就出现引用名人名言,第三段主要用数据和历史事实,这两个出现概率和比重很大,之后主要用了类比。其中类比在OG范文中没有直接出现,备考中容易被忽略,建议后续备考延伸修辞手法。

  3. 作文部分时间50分钟,非常紧张,主要是阅读专业单词多,理解难度大,大部分考生都没有写完完整的两面(答题纸有四面)。

  三、2016年6月4日亚太新SAT考试

  本次考试作文A Carbon Tax Beats a Vacuum Ban来自美国新闻网opinion版块2014年1月23日发表的一篇文章。作者认为通过对碳排放收税是比禁止一些类型的真空吸尘器的使用更好的策略。

  这次写作题目的难度大大降低,远远低于5月的《the lovely stone》,甚至低于3月北美的真题《a call for national service》;文章的主题, 写作风格以及论证手法都非常像og的第二篇范文《plastic bag ban》;文章比较简单的主要原因是主题浅显易懂,而且文章用词比较简单。

  四、2016年10月亚洲考场

  本次写作考题选自《纽约时报》的文章Read, kids, read,作者 Frank Bruni,全文共15段,作者论点是 Reading must remain a valued activity.

  五、2016年11月亚洲考场

  环保类话题,官方OG已经出过相关的话题文章,比如说OG的第四篇“Let there be dark”,以及OG的第一篇“National Arctic Wildlife Refuge”环境类话题不管是针对普通高中、国际高中或者美高的学生来说,都是比较常见的。但是这个话题下面的小话题:象牙倒是不常见,不过可以通过对于环境保护一类的常识进行理解。

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