Since the general civilization of mankind, I believe there are more instances of the abridgment of the freedom of the people by gradual and silent encroachments of those in power, than by violent and sudden usurpations; but, on a candid examination of history, we shall find that turbulence, violence, and abuse of power, by the majority trampling on the rights of the minority, have produced factions and commotions, which, in republics, have, more frequently than anyother cause, produced despotism.
(---The passage is excerpted from aspeech delivered by James Madison. He believed that the Articles of Confederation, the current form of government at that time, should be replaced by the U.S. Constitution.)
encroachment 侵占(相关词汇补充：infringe v.侵犯);
abuseof power 滥用权力;
Since the general civilization of mankind, I believe there aremore instances of the abridgment of the freedom of the people by gradual and silent encroachments of those in power, than by violent and sudden usurpations; but, on a candid examination of history, we shall find that turbulence, violence, and abuse of power, by the majority trampling on the rights of the minority, have produced factions and commotions, which, in republics, have, more frequently than any other cause, produced despotism.
1)侵犯公民自由的过程往往不是violent and sudden，更多的是gradual and silent。
2)abuse of power by the majority trampling on the rights of the minority 导致专制的情况，远胜于其他任何原因。
总结一下，即 the author claims that pubic liberty is threatened by the majority’s abuse of power。
上面这个句子的风格是新SAT阅读(History类)文章中的典型代表。历史类文章不是考察学生世界历史，说白了基本都是 founding document(建国文献)，比如联邦党人文集，女权类文章中的节选。这些文章往往有高阶单词和复杂的句型。
Those who have quitted the world, and those who are not yet arrived at it, are as remote from each other, as the utmost stretch of mortal imagination can conceive.
Quit the world的人是哪样的人? Recluse? Not yet arrived at it的人呢?
文章一开始就说到了：Every age and generation mustbe as free to act for itself, in all cases, as the ages and generationswhich preceded it. The vanity and presumption of governing beyond the grave, isthe most ridiculous and insolent of all tyrannies.
Back to our question: quit the world 的人和 not yet arrived at it 的人指的就是已经死去和未出生的两类人。
People object to the demands of those whom they choose to call the strong-minded, because they say “the right of suffrage will make the women masculine.” That is just the difficulty in which we are involved today. Though disfranchised, we have few women in the best sense; we have simply so many reflections, varieties, and dilutions of the masculine gender. The strong, natural characteristics of womanhood are repressed and ignored independence, for so long as man feeds woman she will try to please the giver and adapt herself to his condition. To keep a foothold in society, woman must be as near like man as possible, reflect his ideas, opinions, virtues, motives, prejudices, and vices. She must respect his statutes, though they strip her of every inalienable right, and conflict with that higher law written by the finger of God on her own soul.
As used in line 36, “best” most nearly means:
本题答案选：C. best 在语境中是 genuine 的意思。