61. The Gorton-Dodd bill requires that a bank disclose to their customers how long they will delay access to funds from deposited checks.
(A) that a bank disclose to their customers how long they will delay access to funds from deposited checks
(B) a bank to disclose to their customers how long they will delay access to funds from a deposited check
(C) that a bank disclose to its customers how long it will delay access to funds from deposited checks
(D) a bank that it should disclose to its customers how long it will delay access to funds from a deposited check
(E) that banks disclose to customers how long access to funds from their deposited check is to be delayed
62. Geologists believe that the warning signs for a major earthquake may include sudden fluctuations in local
seismic activity, tilting and other deformations of the Earth's crust, changing the measured strain across a fault zone, and varying the electrical properties of underground rocks.
(A) changing the measured strain across a fault zone and varying
(B) changing measurements of the strain across a fault zone, and varying
(C) changing the strain as measured across a fault zone, and variations of
(D) changes in the measured strain across a fault zone, and variations in
(E) changes in measurements of the strain across a fault zone, and variations among
63. Health officials estimate that 35 million Africans are in danger of contracting trypanosomiasis, or "African sleeping sickness," a parasitic disease spread by the bites of tsetse flies.
(A) are in danger of contracting
(B) are in danger to contract
(C) have a danger of contracting
(D) are endangered by contraction
(E) have a danger that they will contract
64. Unlike a funded pension system, in Which contributions are invested to pay future beneficiaries, a
pay-as-you-go approach is the foundation of Social Security.
(A) a pay-as-you-go approach is the foundation of Social Security
(B) the foundation of Social Security is a pay-as-you-go approach
(C) the approach of Social Security is pay-as-you-go
(D) Social Security's approach is pay-as-you-go
(E) Social Security is founded on a pay-as-you-go approach
65. Critics of the trend toward privately operated prisons consider corrections facilities to be an integral part of the criminal justice system and question if profits should be made from incarceration.
(A) to be an integral part of the criminal justice system and question if
(B) as an integral part of the criminal justice system and they question if
(C) as being an integral part of the criminal justice system and question whether
(D) an integral part of the criminal justice system and question Whether
(E) are an integral part of the criminal justice system, and they question whether
Answer to Question 61
Choice C is best. In A and B, the plural pronouns their and they do not agree with the singular noun bank. B, like
D and E, illogically shifts from the plural customers and funds to the singular check, as if the customers were
jointly depositing only one check. In D, requires a bank that it should is ungrammatical; requires that a bank is
the appropriate idiom. In E, the use of the passive construction is to be delayed is less informative than the
active voice because the passive does not explicitly identify the bank as the agent responsible for the delay.
Answer to Question 62
D, the best choice, describes the warning signs in parallel phrases. Despite surface appearances, the nouns changes
and variations are parallel with tilting, but the verbal forms changing and varying in A, B, and C are not: tilting, one
of the deformations of the Earth's crust, is used here as a noun that is parallel to fluctuations, whereas changing and
varying are used as verbs indicating some action undertaken. Moreover, these verbs are used incorrectly because the
sentence mentions no subject that is performing these actions. B and E illogically state that it is not the strain but the
measurements that portend danger, and among in E wrongly suggests a comparison of different electrical properties
rather than of different behaviors of the same properties.
Answer to Question 63
Choice A, which is both idiomatic and concise, is best. In choice B, to contract is wrong because the phrase are in
danger must be followed by of, not by an infinitive. The phrase have a danger is unidiomatic in C. In D, the phrase
by contraction trypanosomiasis requires of after contraction; even if this correction were made, though, the passive
construction in D would be unnecessarily wordy and also imprecise, because it is the disease more than the act of
contracting it that poses the danger. In E, have a danger is again unidiomatic, and the to that clause following the
phrase is, within the structure of the sentence, ungrammatical and awkward.
Answer to Question 64
In this sentence, the first noun of the main clause grammatically identifies what is being compared with a funded
pens ion system; to be logical, the comparison must be made between comparable things. Only E, the best choice,
compares one kind of system of providing for retirees, the funded pension system, with another such system. Social
Security. Choices A, C, and D all illogically compare the pension system with the approach taken by Social Security
itself. In B, the comparison of pension system with foundation is similarly flawed.
Answer to Question 65
When consider means "regard as," as it does in this sentence, its object should be followed immediately by the
phrase that identifies or describes that object. Thus, to be in A, as in B, and as being in C produce unidiomatic
constructions in the context of the sentence. Also, although (/and whether can be used interchangeably after some
verbs, question if, which appears in A and B, is unidiomatic, and they in B is unnecessary. E also contains the
unnecessary they, and it uses the ungrammatical construction consider... facilities are. Grammatically and idiomatically, sound D is the best choice.