3500SAT巴朗词表：Word List 44
Word List 44 somber-sublime
somber ADJ. /阴森的;昏暗的;抑郁的/gloomy; depressing; dark; drab. From the doctor's grim expression, I could tell he had somber news. Dull brown and charcoal gray are pretty somber colors; can't you wear something bright?
somnambulist N. /梦游症患者/sleepwalker. The most famous somnambulist in literature is Lady Macbeth; her monologue in the sleepwalking scene is one of the highlights of Shakespeare's play.
somnolent ADJ. /催眠的;半睡半醒的/half asleep. The heavy meal and the overheated room made us all somnolent and indifferent to the speaker.
sonorous ADJ. /醒目的/resonant. His sonorous voice resounded through the hall.
sophisticated ADJ. /世故的;复杂的/worldly-wise and urbane; complex. When Sophie makes wisecracks, she thinks she sounds sophisticated, but instead she sounds sophomoric. The new IBM laptop with the butterfly keyboard and the built-in quadspeed FAX modem is a pretty sophisticated machine.
sophistry N. /似真实假的/seemingly plausible but fallacious reasoning. Instead of advancing valid arguments, he tried to overwhelm his audience with a flood of sophistries.
sophomoric ADJ. /一知半解的;不成熟的/immature; half-baked, like a sophomore. Even if you're only a freshman, it's no compliment to be told your humor is sophomoric. The humor in Dumb and Dumber is sophomoric at best.
soporific ADJ. /催眠的/sleep-causing; marked by sleepiness. Professor Pringle's lectures were so soporific that even he fell asleep in class. also N.
sordid ADJ. /肮脏;卑鄙/filthy; base; vile. The social worker was angered by the sordid housing provided for the homeless.
sovereign ADJ. /君主的;至高无上的/efficacious; supreme or paramount; selfgoverning. Professor Pennywhistle claimed his panacea was a sovereign cure for all chronic complaints. In medicine the sovereign task of the doctor is to do no harm. Rebelling against the mother country, the onetime colony now proclaimed itself a sovereign state. also N.
spangle N. /衣服上亮晶晶的小金属饰件/small metallic piece sewn to clothing for ornamentation. The thousands of spangles on her dress sparkled in the glare of the stage lights.
sparse ADJ. /稀少的;稀疏的/not thick; thinly scattered; scanty. No matter how carefully Albert combed his hair to make it look as full as possible, it still looked sparse.
spartan ADJ. /刚毅的;朴素的;纪律严格的;斯巴达的/avoiding luxury and comfort; sternly disciplined. Looking over the bare, unheated room, with its hard cot, he wondered what he was doing in such spartan quarters. Only his spartan sense of duty kept him at his post.
spasmodic ADJ. /断断续续的;间歇的/fitful; periodic. The spasmodic coughing in the auditorium annoyed the performers.
spat N. /争论;口角;扇巴掌/squabble; minor dispute. What had started out as a mere spat escalated into a full-blown argument.
spate N. /爆发;大洪水;一大群的/sudden flood or strong outburst; a large number or amount. After the spate of angry words that came pouring out of him, Mary was sure they would never be reconciled.
spatial ADJ. /空间的/relating to space. NASA is engaged in an ongoing program of spatial exploration. When Jay says he's studying spatial relations, that doesn't mean he has relatives in outer space.
spatula N. /压舌板;抹刀;批灰刀/broad-bladed instrument used for spreading or mixing. The manufacturers of this frying pan recommend the use of a rubber spatula to avoid scratching the specially treated surface.
spawn V. /孵化;下蛋/lay eggs. Fish ladders had to be built in the dams to assist the salmon returning to spawn in their native streams. also N.
specious ADJ. /似是而非的/seemingly reasonable but incorrect; misleading (often intentionally). To claim that, because houses and birds both have wings, both can fly, is extremely specious reasoning.
spectrum N. /光谱/colored band produced when beam of light passes through a prism. The visible portion of the spectrum includes red at one end and violet at the other.
spendthrift N. /挥霍的人/someone who wastes money. Easy access to credit encourages people to turn into spendthrifts who shop till they drop.
sphinx-like ADJ. /谜的/enigmatic; mysterious. The Mona Lisa's sphinx-like expression has intrigued and mystified art lovers for centuries.
splice V. /绑定的;联合的/fasten together; unite. Before you splice two strips of tape together, be sure to line them up evenly. also N.
spontaneity N. /自发的;自然的;无预谋的/lack of premeditation; naturalness; freedom from constraint. When Anne and Amy met, Amy impulsively hugged her new colleague, but Anne drew back, unprepared for such spontaneity. The cast over-rehearsed the play so much that the eventual performance lacked any spontaneity. spontaneous,ADJ.
sporadic ADJ. /零星的/occurring irregularly. Although you can still hear sporadic outbursts of laughter and singing outside, the big Halloween parade has passed; the party's over till next year.
sportive ADJ. /嬉戏的;玩闹的/playful. Such a sportive attitude is surprising in a person as serious as you usually are.
spry ADJ. /充满生气的;活泼的;敏捷的/vigorously active; nimble. She was eighty years old, yet still spry and alert.
spurious ADJ. /伪造的，欺骗的/false; counterfeit; forged; illogical. The antique dealer hero of Jonathan Gash's mystery novels gives the reader tips on how to tell spurious antiques from the real thing. Natasha's claim to be the lost heir of the Romanoffs was spurious: the only thing Russian about her was the vodka she drank!
spurn V. /放弃;拒绝/reject; scorn. The heroine spurned the villain's advances.
squabble N. /争吵/minor quarrel; bickering. Children invariably get involved in petty squabbles; wise parents know when to interfere and when to let the children work things out on their own.
squalor N. /肮脏;悲惨;贫穷/filth; degradation; dirty, neglected state. Rusted, broken-down cars in its yard, trash piled up on the porch, tar paper peeling from the roof, the shack was the picture of squalor. squalid,ADJ.
squander V. /浪费/waste. If you squander your allowance on candy and comic books, you won't have any money left to buy the new box of crayons you want.
squat ADJ. /矮壮的;又短又厚的;蹲着的/stocky; short and thick. Tolkien's hobbits are somewhat squat, sturdy little creatures, fond of good ale, good music, and good mushrooms.
staccato ADJ. /断奏;断唱/played in an abrupt manner; marked by abrupt sharp sound. His staccato speech reminded one of the sound of a machine gun.
stagnant ADJ. /静止的;单调的/motionless; stale; dull. Mosquitoes commonly breed in ponds of stagnant water. Mike's career was stagnant; it wasn't going anywhere, and neither was he! stagnate,V.
staid ADJ. /沉静的;安静的/sober; sedate. Her conduct during the funeral ceremony was staid and solemn.
stalemate N. /僵局/deadlock. Negotiations between the union and the employers have reached a stalemate; neither side is willing to budge from previously stated positions.
stalwart ADJ. /坚定的;强壮的/strong, brawny; steadfast. His consistent support of the party has proved that he is a stalwart and loyal member. also N.
stamina N. /毅力;意志力/strength; staying power. I doubt that she has the stamina to run the full distance of the marathon race.
stanch V. /止血;血流变检测/check flow of blood. It is imperative that we stanch the gushing wound before we attend to the other injuries.
stanza N. /节;段落(诗的);盘(棋的)/division of a poem. Do you know the last stanza of "The Star-Spangled Banner"?
static ADJ. /静态的/unchanging; lacking development. Why watch chess on TV? I like watching a game with action, not something static where nothing seems to be going on.
statute N. /法令;条例/law enacted by the legislature. The statute of limitations sets the limits on how long you have to take legal action in specific cases.
steadfast ADJ. /坚定的;不渝的;忠诚的/loyal; unswerving. Penelope was steadfast in her affections, faithfully waiting for Ulysses to return from his wanderings.
stealth N. /隐秘;隐藏;隐蔽行动/slyness; sneakiness; secretiveness. Fearing detection by the sentries on duty, the scout inched his way toward the enemy camp with great stealth.
steep V. /浸泡，弄湿;陡坡;悬崖/soak; saturate. Be sure to steep the fabric in the dyebath for the full time prescribed.
stellar ADJ. /星体的;恒星的/pertaining to the stars. He was the stellar attraction of the entire performance.
stem V. /制止流出/check the flow. The paramedic used a tourniquet to stem the bleeding from the slashed artery.
stem from V. /起因于/arise from. Milton's problems in school stemmed from his poor study habits.
stereotype N. /老套;一成不变;铅版/fixed and unvarying representation; standardized mental picture, often reflecting prejudice. Critics object to the character of Jim in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn because he seems to reflect the stereotype of the happy, ignorant slave.
stifle V. /使窒息;扑灭/suppress; extinguish; inhibit. Halfway through the boring lecture, Laura gave up trying to stifle her yawns.
stigma N. /耻辱;耻辱的标记;柱头;气门/token of disgrace; brand. I do not attach any stigma to the fact that you were accused of this crime; the fact that you were acquitted clears you completely.
stigmatize V. /打烙印;污蔑/brand; mark as wicked. I do not want to stigmatize this young offender for life by sending her to prison.
stilted ADJ. /夸大的;充气的;虚胖的;踩高跷的/bombastic; inflated. His stilted rhetoric did not impress the college audience; they were immune to bombastic utterances.
stint N. /供应;分配;限量分配/supply; allotted amount; assigned portion of work. He performed his daily stint cheerfully and willingly. alsoV.
stint V. /紧缩，节省/be thrifty; set limits. "Spare no expense," the bride's father said, refusing to stint on the wedding arrangements.
stipend N. /薪金;津贴/pay for services. There is a nominal stipend for this position.
stipulate V. /规定;明细化/make express conditions; specify. Before agreeing to reduce American military forces in Europe, the president stipulated that NATO inspection teams be allowed to inspect Soviet bases.
stodgy ADJ. /乏味的;保守的/stuffy; boringly conservative. For a young person, Winston seems remarkably stodgy: you'd expect someone his age to show a little more life.
Stoic ADJ. impassive; unmoved by joy or grief. I wasn't particularly stoic when I had my flu shot; I squealed like a stuck pig. also N.
stoke V. /填饱;司炉/stir up a fire; feed plentifully. As a Scout Marisa learned how to light a fire, how to stoke it if it started to die down, and how to extinguish it completely.
stolid ADJ. /乏味的;单调的;冷漠的/dull; impassive. The earthquake shattered Stuart's usual stolid demeanor; trembling, he crouched on the no longer stable ground.
stratagem N. /计谋;战略/deceptive scheme. We saw through his clever stratagem.
stratify V. /分门别类;分类;分层/divide into classes; be arranged into strata. As the economic gap between the rich and the poor increased, Roman society grew increasingly stratified.
stratum N. /地层;社会阶层/layer of earth's surface; layer of society. Unless we alleviate conditions in the lowest stratum of our society, we may expect grumbling and revolt.
strew V. /散开;随意散开;散播/spread randomly; sprinkle; scatter. Preceding the bride to the altar, the flower girl will strew rose petals along the aisle.
striated ADJ. /有细条纹的/marked with parallel bands; grooved. The glacier left many striated rocks. striate,V.
stricture N. /责难;非难;限制/restriction; adverse criticism. Huck regularly disobeyed Miss Watson's rules and strictures upon his behavior: he wouldn't wear shoes, no matter what she said.
strident ADJ. /刺耳的;尖锐的;坚持不懈的/loud and harsh; insistent. Whenever Sue became angry, she tried not to raise her voice; she had no desire to appear strident.
stringent ADJ. /严厉的;迫切的/binding; rigid. I think these regulations are too stringent.
strut N. /大摇大摆;高视阔步/pompous walk; swagger. Looking at his selfimportant strut as he swaggered about the parade ground, I could tell Colonel Blimp thought highly of himself. alsoV.
strut N. /支柱/supporting bar. The engineer calculated that the strut supporting the rafter needed to be reinforced. (secondary meaning)
studied ADJ. /有计划的;故意的;有想法的/not spontaneous; deliberate; thoughtful. Given Jill's previous slights, Jack felt that the omission of his name from the guest list was a studied insult.
stultify V. /使徒劳;使显得愚笨;拆台，办难堪/cause to appear or become stupid or inconsistent; frustrate or hinder. His long hours in the blacking factory left young Dickens numb and incurious, as if the menial labor had stultified his brain.
stupefy V. /使麻木;使大吃一惊/make numb; stun; amaze. Disapproving of drugs in general, Laura refused to take sleeping pills or any other medicine that might stupefy her. stupefaction, N.
stupor N. /冷漠;漠不关心/state of apathy; daze; lack of awareness. In his stupor, the addict was unaware of the events taking place around him.
stymie V. /从中作梗;桩子;障碍物/present an obstacle; stump. The detective was stymied by the contradictory evidence in the robbery investigation. also N.
suavity N. /柔和;愉快;温和/banity; polish. The elegant actor is particularly good in roles that require suavity and sophistication.
subdued ADJ. /屈服的;柔和的;减弱的/less intense; quieter. Bob liked the subdued lighting at the restaurant because he thought it was romantic. I just thought it was dimly lit.
subjective ADJ. /主观的;个人的/occurring or taking place within the subject; unreal. Your analysis is highly subjective; you have permitted your emotions and your opinions to color your thinking.
subjugate V. /征服/conquer; bring under control. It is not our aim to subjugate our foe; we are interested only in establishing peaceful relations.
sublime ADJ. /庄严的;崇高的;壮观的/exalted or noble and uplifting; utter. Lucy was in awe of Desi's sublime musicianship, while he was in awe of her sublime naiveté.