SAT数学图表类练习题及解析!SAT数学考试中图表类题型经常出现,那么遇到该题型应该怎么应对呢?首先我们来看一下相关题型的例题,结合实际例子的讲解,希望可以帮助考生分析和梳理答题思路。

  Read the following SAT test question and then click on a button to select your answer.

  A biologist conducts a study regarding an invasive species, the Gupta fly, in the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil. The flies were sampled from three different parks in 2001 and 2002.

  Frequency of Sampled Gupta Flies in Porto Alegre by Year

  SAT数学图表类练习题

  Based on the information in the table, as a percentage, approximately what is the probability that one of the sampled Gupta flies in 2001 was found in either the Botanical Garden or Farroupilha Park?

  A.33%

  B.50%

  C.67%

  D.77%

  答案:C

  解析:

  Choice C is correct. Using the information provided in the table, we find:

  The total number of Gupta flies sampled in 2001 is 2604+2681+2640=7925.

  The number of Gupta flies that were sampled in either the Botanical Garden or

  Farroupilha Parkis 2604+2681=5285.

  The probability that one of the sampled Gupta flies in 2001 was found in either

  the Botanical Garden or Farroupilha Park is the ratio of the number of Gupta flies sampled in these two parks over the total number of Gupta flies sampled in 2001.

  Calculate this ratio as a percentage: Probability=5285/7925≈0.67=67%

  Therefore, the probability that one of the sampled Gupta flies in 2001 was found

  in either the Botanical Garden or Farroupilha Park is approximately 67%.

  重点单词:

  invasive [in'veisiv] adj. 侵略性的;攻击性的

  frequency ['fri:kwənsi] n. 频繁,频率

  species ['spi:ʃiz] n. (单复同)物种,种类

  calculate ['kælkjuleit] v. 计算,估计,核算,计划,认为

  multiple ['mʌltipl] adj. 许多,多种多样的

  probability [.prɔbə'biliti] n. 可能性,或然率,机率

  approximately [ə'prɔksimitli] adv. 近似地,大约

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