The question "What absolutely is the bestgovernment?" is unanswerable as well asindeterminate; or rather, there are as many goodanswers as there are possible combinations in theabsolute and relative situations of all nations.
But if it is asked by what sign we may know that a given people is well or ill governed, that isanother matter, and the question, being one of fact, admits of an answer.
It is not, however, answered, because every-one wants to answer it in his own way. Subjectsextol public tranquility, citizens individual liberty; the one class prefers security ofpossessions, the other that of person; the one regards as the best government that which ismost severe, the other maintains that the mildest is the best; the one wants crimes punished,the other wants them prevented; the one wants the State to be feared by its neighbours, theother prefers that it should be ignored; the one is content if money circulates, the otherdemands that the people shall have bread. Even if an agreement were come to on these andsimilar points, should we have got any further? As moral qualities do not admit of exactmeasurement, agreement about the mark does not mean agreement about the valuation.
For my part, I am continually astonished that a mark so simple is not recognised, or that menare of so bad faith as not to admit it. What is the end of political association? Thepreservation and prosperity of its members. And what is the surest mark of theirpreservation and prosperity? Their numbers and population. Seek then nowhere else thismark that is in dispute. The rest being equal, the government under which, without externalaids, without naturalisation or colonies, the citizens increase and multiply most, is beyondquestion the best. The government under which a people wanes and diminishes is worst.Calculators, it is left for you to count, to measure, to compare.
The primary purpose of the third paragraph is to ____
A.emphasize the competing priorities among groups of people.
B.specify the necessary components of a functional political system.
C.demonstrate that most individuals do not behave morally.
D.highlight the inconsistencies in one government's approaches to issues.
emphasize ['emfəsaiz] vt. 强调，着重
association [ə.səusi'eiʃən] n. 联合，结合，交往，协会，社团，联想
preservation [.prezə'veiʃən] n. 保存
tranquility [træŋ'kwiliti] n. 宁静，平静，稳定
prevent [pri'vent] v. 预防，防止
measurement ['meʒəmənt] n. 测量，衡量，尺寸，大小
functional ['fʌŋkʃənəl] adj. 功能的，有功能的，实用的
indeterminate [.indi'tə:minit] adj. 不确定的，含混的
appropriate [ə'prəupriət] adj. 适当的，相称的
Choice A is the best answer. In the third paragraph,Rousseau emphasizes that there are numeroussignificant points on which groups of peopledisagree when it comes to the appropriate actionsfor a government to take. Rousseau indicates that these competing priorities prevent peoplefrom answering the question of what form of government is best.