可汗SAT语法48篇：The Complex History of the Simple Chopstick
Questions 1-5 are bases on the following passage.
The Complex History of the Simple Chopstick The origin of chopsticks reaches back to the Shang Dynasty of ancient China. At that time, chopsticks-which were then called ―Zhu‖-were used for cooking rather than ① to eat. Because the people-of ancient China liked to steam or boil their food, chopsticks were originally used to reach deep into boiling pots of water or oil. However, according to Chinese lore, chopsticks later evolved into an eating utensil during the Han Dynasty due to the influence of the Chinese philosopher, Confucius. Both a pacifist and vegetarian, Confucius believed that knives and other sharp utensils were inappropriate for mealtime because they reminded people of violence and warfare. Chopsticks, on the other hand, allowed people to savor their meals in a more relaxed and enjoyable setting. ②Since then, the diversity of chopstick styles and uses ③has quickly expanded. In China, for example, chopsticks are often longer and taper to a blunt end, while in Japan, chopsticks are shorter and taper to a sharp end. In addition to the length of chopsticks, the materials used to make them also vary considerably between cultures. ④ In Korea, it is also customary to use spoons for rice and chopsticks for larger, more manageable pieces of food.
As different chopstick styles have evolved over centuries, so have a number of cultural traditions and taboos. In China, for example, it is customary to transfer food between relatives as a sign of caring and respect. In Japan, on the other hand, using chopsticks to transfer food and other materials is considered taboo and is reserved solely for funeral rites. Given ⑤their importance and prominence in Asian history, it is no surprise that chopsticks have become as unique and nuanced as the cultures from which they arose.
A) NO CHANGE
B) the purpose of eating.
C) when one ate.
At this point, the writer wants to add a sentence that will provide an effective transition from this paragraph to the next one. Which choice best accomplishes this goal?
A) Regardless of whether the nod to Confucius is accurate, chopsticks became ubiquitous throughout China and much of Asia after his death.
B) Confucius is also famous for championing the doctrine based on his philosophical teachings, ―Do not do to others what you do not want done to yourself.‖
C) Ironically, though, Confucius did support a number of rebellions.
D) It was during this period that people began holding chopsticks in their dominant hand and handling them using their thumb, middle, and ring fingers.
A) NO CHANGE
C) have been
Which choice provides an example that most effectively supports the claim made in the previous sentence?
A) In both China and Japan, chopsticks are often made out of wood or bamboo.
B) Unlike the chopsticks found in traditional homes, the chopsticks found in Chinese restaurants are often made out of melamine plastic.
C) While chopsticks in China are often made of wood, those from Korea are often made of metals such as brass or silver.
D) The material chopsticks are made from, such as jade, ivory, or porcelain; can also signal one's social status.
A) NO CHANGE
B) their prominence in
C) the high historical importance of chopsticks within
D) how important chopsticks‘ prominence is within the past of