1.They determine the color and flavor of honey by the flowers from which the nectar is taken.
(A) They determine the color and flavor of honey by the
(B) Honey’s color and flavor is determined by which
(C) Honey’s color and flavor determined by those
(D) The color of honey, and its flavor, determined by the
(E) The color and flavor of honey are determined by the
2.Enrico Caruso sang opera in Italy before traveling to the United States, then he gave his first performance at the Metropolitan Opera in November 1903.
(C) and which
(D) in that
3.Because it lacks water, this makes the area known as Death Valley a desert, but it is by no means devoid of life.
(A) Because it lacks water, this
(B) They lack water, which
(C) Water, the lack of which
(D) Lacking water, it
(E) Lack of water
4.Reading maps involve several abilities, including the ability to locate places, to ascertain directions, to measure distances, and to interpret the mapmaker’s symbols.
(C) will involve
(D) has involved
(E) have involved
1.The correct answer is E
Choice (E) is correct. It avoids the error of the original by removing the unnecessary pronoun “They,” and by using a well-constructed phrase, “The color and flavor … are …
2.The correct answer is E
Choice (E) is correct. It avoids the error of the original by using the appropriate pronoun “where” to indicate that the “United States” was where Caruso gave “his first performance at the Metropolitan Opera.”
3.The correct answer is E
Choice (E) is correct. It avoids the awkwardness and wordiness of the original by making “Lack of water” the subject of the sentence.
4.The correct answer is B
Choice (B) is correct. It avoids the subject-verb agreement error of the original by providing a singular verb, “involves,” for the singular subject, “Reading.”