The term “__________________________” may by no means sound strange to most people at the present day。
 Does anyone hold the same attitude toward “__________________________”? definitely not。 As to this issue， opinions vary from person to person。阐明不同的人有不同的观点
 For those who hold the opinion that__________________________”正面观点”claim that， firstly，__________________________ 理由之一
 However， others maintain that“__________________________反面观点”…理由之一
 Moreover，__________________________ “反面观点”…理由之二
第三段：阐明“my view”我的观点 (第7、8、9句)
 If I were forced to agree with one of the two opinions，I， doubtless， stand by the idea that__________________________阐明你支持的观点 + On one hand，__________________________你的理由之一
 On the other hand，__________________________ 你的理由之二
 Given the factors I have just outlined， I strongly commit to the notion that__________________________
文章是出自Washington Post 华盛顿邮报的一篇文章。此次新SAT首考的作文题的阅读文章源自E.J. Dionne Jr.于2013年7月3日发表在The Washington Post(《华盛顿邮报》)文章名为 A Call for National Service。
It is widely acknowledged that a man in possession of certain unalienable rights will not automatically undertake the corresponding responsibilities. With an intense sense of social responsibility, American writer E. J. Dionne Jr. proclaims that civil obligations should be implemented nationwide in his article “ A call for national service” in Washington post. He asserts unavoidable rights must be execrated. Strategies E. J. Dionne Jr. employs to bolster his argument include a personal anecdote, a citation of compelling polls, a quotation from the prestigious American documentation, compare and contrast, paralleled structure and sincere appeal to pathos.
E.J. Dionne starts his article by illustrating that “ here is the sentence in the Declaration of Independence we always remember” and “here is the sentence we often forget”, which are the paralleled structures to convey his urgency and attentive concern for the issue that American citizens should cherish their obligations. Furthermore, he directly enumerates that the previous is on rights and the latter obligations. This distinct contrast is utilized to establish an emphasis on his latter point by highlighting it as a coexisting factor relative to the former mentioned rights in American life. This literal tool serves as a strong technique to draw the audience into the issue addressed in the wiring.
By citing a quotation from “the Declaration of Independence” the author successfully establishes an authoritative image in the readers’ heart that he is knowledgeable and thoughtful. E.J. Dionne’s presentation of a numerical statistics based on the accurate “237” year and age range “18 and 28” strengthens his weight to his claim. Moreover, the author demonstrates a personal anecdote that “last week, the Aspen Institute gathered a politically diverse group of Americans…to declare a commitment to give a year of service to the country”, which provides a baseline for readers to find credence and credibility with the author’s argument. This anecdote instantly connects the author and readers closely which leads to a spiritual resonance.
Dionne Jr. reasons that not only Americans could enjoy their rights: life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness freely but also should assume their obligations on the solemn pledge of lives, fortunes and sacred honor. “There are no quick fixes to our sense of disconnection, but there may be a way to restore our sense.” He first raises a precaution in the readers’ heart then offers a sound solution to show the stringent and well-organized thinking pattern. Subsequently, the author exemplifies an occurrence last week, the precise time flow line, to underline the viewpoint that “ we do, indeed, owe something to our country and we owe an enormous debt”.
Dionne utilizes specific diction to enhance his argument to convince his readers. He employs personal pronoun such as “ we” for the aim to intrigue his personnel involvement as part of this calling which fortifies his persuasion as well as consolidates his credibility in the preachment. Through the careful word selection, Dionne enhances his proposition by ascribing the liability as a fundamental issue. This augments for the persuasion of his readers by informing them that this is a significant issue that all people should be aware of and take heed to.
Following the calling, the author lists the solutions and the challenges in the final parts of the article. He makes an efficient use of rhetorical question to challenge his readers to ponder that “ who knows whether the universal exception of service would change the country as much as Mc Chrystal hopes.” By raising this question, Dionne draws out profound comprehension on the proposal. “It’s based on the belief that certain unalienable rights entail certain unavoidable responsibilities”-----the author inspires his readers to feel responsible for the fate of America’s future. This strategy is obviously an appeal to pathos, calling the readers to act resolutely and adding the emotionally-infused spur to the American citizens.
Overall, E. J. Dionne Jr. provides a coherent and strong logical argument that all Americans should enjoy the unalienable rights that have been prescribed in “the Declaration of Independence” and shoulder the obligations cross the lines of class, race, background, politics, ideology as well. He takes full advantages of a personal anecdote, compelling polls, an authoritative quotation, compare and contrast, paralleled structure and heart-felt appeal to emotions to thoroughly illustrate his steadfast calling for national service.