SAT阅读考试需要大量的练习和总结方法,有很多考生都是只是看题目和解析,然后去亲自做题,这样其实不会有进步的。下面小编整理了SAT1阅读模拟题精选解析,跟着小编的脚步来分析一下吧。

  Virtually everything astronomers known about objects

  outside the solar system is based on the detection of

  photons-quanta of electromagnetic radiation. Yet there

  is another form of radiation that permeates the universe:

  (5) neutrinos. With (as its name implies) no electric charge,

  and negligible mass, the neutrino interACTs with other

  particles so rarely that a neutrino can cross the entire

  universe, even traversing substantial aggregations of

  matter, without being absorbed or even deflected. Neu-

  (10)trinos can thus escape from regions of space where light

  and other kinds of electromagnetic radiationare blocked

  by matter. Furthermore, neutrinos carry with them

  information about the site and circumstances of their

  production: therefore, the detection of cosmic neutrinos

  (15)could provide new information about a wide variety of

  cosmic phenomena and about the history of the uni-

  verse.

  But how can scientists detect a particle that interACTs

  so infrequently with other matter? Twenty-five years

  (20)passed between Pauli’s hypothesis that the neutrino

  existed and its ACTual detection: since then virtually all

  research with neutrinos has been with neutrinos created

  artificially in large particle accelerators and studied

  under neutrino microscopes. But a neutrino telescope,

  (25) capable of detecting cosmic neutrinos, is difficult to co-

  nstruct. No apparatus can detect neutrinos unless it is

  extremely massive, because great mass is synonymous

  with huge numbers of nucleons (neutrons and protons),

  and the more massive the detector, the greater the pro-

  (30) bability of one of its nucleon’s reACTing with a neutrino.

  In addition, the apparatus must be sufficiently shielded

  from the interfering effects of other particles.

  Fortunately, a group of astrophysicists has proposed

  a means of detecting cosmic neutrinos by harnessing the

  (35) mass of the ocean. Named DUMAND, for Deep Under-

  water Muon and Neutrino Detector, the project calls for

  placing an array of light sensors at a depth of five kilo-

  meters under the ocean surface. The detecting medium is

  the seawater itself: when a neutrino interACTs with a

  (40)particle in an atom of seawater. the result is a cascade of

  electrically charged particles and a flash of light that can

  be detected by the sensors. The five kilometers of sea-

  water above the sensors will shield them from the interf-

  ering effects of other high-energy particles raining down

  (45) through the atmosphere.

  The strongest motivation for the DUMAND project

  is that it will exploit an important source of information

  about the universe. The extension of astronomy from

  visible light to radio waves to x-rays and gamma rays

  (50) never failed to lead to the discovery of unusualobjects

  such as radio galaxies, quasars, and pulsars. Each of

  these discoveries came as a surprise. Neutrino astronomy

  will doubtless bring its own share of surprises.

  本文就是小编提供的SAT1阅读模拟题精选解析。

  1. Which of the following titles best summarizes the passage as a whole?

  (A) At the Threshold of Neutrino Astronomy

  (B) Neutrinos and the History of the Universe

  (C) The Creation and Study of Neutrinos

  (D) The DUMAND System and How It Works

  (E) The Properties of the Neutrino

  2. With which of the following statements regarding neutrino astronomy would the author be most likely to agree?

  (A) Neutrino astronomy will supersede all present forms of astronomy.

  (B) Neutrino astronomy will be abandoned if the DUMAND project fails.

  (C) Neutrino astronomy can be expected to lead to major breakthroughs in astronomy.

  (D) Neutrino astronomy will disclose phenomena that will be more surprising than past discoveries.

  (E) Neutrino astronomy will always be charACTerized by a large time lag between hypothesis and experimental confirmation.

  3. In the last paragraph, the author describes the development of astronomy in order to

  (A) suggest that the potential findings of neutrino astronomy can be seen as part of a series of astronomical successes

  (B) illustrate the role of surprise in scientific discovery

  (C) demonstrate the effectiveness of the DUMAND apparatus in detecting neutrinos

  (D) name some cosmic phenomena that neutrino astronomy will illuminate

  (E) contrast the motivation of earlier astronomers with that of the astrophysicists working on the DUMAND project

  4.According to the passage, one advantage that neutrinos have for studies in astronomy is that they

  (A) have been detected for the last twenty-five years

  (B) possess a variable electric charge

  (C) are usually extremely massive

  (D) carry information about their history with them

  (E) are very similar to other electromagnetic particles

  5. According to the passage, the primary use of the apparatus mentioned in lines 24-32 would be to

  (A) increase the mass of a neutrino

  (B) interpret the information neutrinos carry with them

  (C) study the internal structure of a neutrino

  (D) see neutrinos in distant regions of space

  (E) detect the presence of cosmic neutrinos

  6. The passage states that interACTions between neutrinos and other matter are

  (A) rare

  (B) artificial

  (C) undetectable

  (D) unpredictable

  (E) hazardous

  7. The passage mentions which of the following as a reason that neutrinos are hard to detect?

  (A) Their pervasiveness in the universe

  (B) Their ability to escape from different regions of space

  (C) Their inability to penetrate dense matter

  (D) The similarity of their structure to that of nucleons

  (E) The infrequency of their interACTion with other matter

  8. According to the passage, the interACTion of a neutrino with other matter can produce

  (A) particles that are neutral and massive

  (B) a form of radiation that permeates the universe

  (C) inaccurate information about the site and

  circumstances of the neutrino’s production

  (D) charged particles and light

  (E) a situation in which light and other forms of electromagnetic radiation are blocked

  9. According to the passage, one of the methods used to establish the properties of neutrinos was

  (A) detection of photons

  (B) observation of the interACTion of neutrinos with gamma rays

  (C) observation of neutrinos that were artificially created

  (D) measurement of neutrinos that interACTed with particles of seawater

  (E) experiments with electromagnetic radiatio

  Correct Answers:ACADEAEDC

  以上的内容就是小编整理的SAT1阅读模拟题精选解析,一起来认真的分析一下吧,肯定对你们是有帮助的。

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