SAT语法知识点之平行结构详细讲解!什么是平行结构呢?平行结构是新SAT语法考试中的重点考试内容,虽然难度并不大,但是依然有部分考生会在这方面丢失分数。下面让我们详细的来了解一下平行结构相关的语法知识点。

  平行结构作为新SAT语法考试中的重点,虽然比较容易学习,但仍有不少考生考试时在这上面失分,这往往是由于同学们对平行结构的理解不够清晰而引起的。所以下面,小编给您详细介绍一下平行结构的概念以及它在试卷上的具体表现,其实看懂了真的很简单。

  1. 概念:

  两个或两个以上的词、短语、分句通过连词或其他词组连接构成的句子。

  例:He went to the supermarket bought some daily necessity and had a nice cup of coffee.

  2. 引起平行结构的标志词:

  (1) 并列连词:

  and,or,but,yet

  注:“and” 可以三者平行

  例: He went downtown bought some books and visited his daughter.

  (2)并列词组:

  as well as, both…and…,not only…but also…,not…but…,either…or…,neither…nor…,rather…than…,from…to…

  (3)动词词组

  prefer…to ,compare…to/with

  (4)标点符号;

  3. 常见考查点形式

  (1) 平行标志词搭配错误

  例:

  Unlike(A) Thomas neither Leslie or (B)her younger brother Philip has an interest(C) in a career in (D)law.

  分析:

  B错,固定搭配为neither…nor…

  (2)平行结构不平行

  平行的结构中平行的成分必须语法功能一致,结构一致。(以下举例均为正确用法)

  1) 名词或代词平行

  Finally Mr. Zhou lost his wife and his life.

  2) 动词平行

  She never smokes or drinks.

  He was arrested and put into the jail

  3)修饰成分平行(形容词、副词或介词短语平行)

  She was an intelligent and ambitious woman.

  Jacob speaks slowly and clearly.

  Mrs. Liu watched her son walk across the street and into the school.

  4) 分句平行

  She is a strange girl yet you cannot help liking her.

  I don’t want to do it nor do I want you to do it.

  5) 非谓语平行

  * 现在分词与现在分词平行

  We love eating hamburgers and swimming under big sunshine.

  * 过去分词与过去分词平行

  Checked and amended the book is to be published.

  * 不定式与不定式平行

  To drive the car carefully is more difficult than to do homework without making a single mistake

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