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  distant ADJ. /冷漠的;远离的/reserved or aloof; cold in manner. His distant greeting made me feel unwelcome from the

  start. (secondary meaning)

  distend V. /扩大;扩张/expand; swell out. I can tell when he is under stress by the way the veins distend on his

  forehead.

  distill V. /蒸馏;萃取,提炼,提纯/extract the essence; purify; refine. A moonshiner distills mash into whiskey; an

  epigrammatist distills thoughts into quips.

  distinction N. /出名;出格/honor; contrast; discrimination. A holder of the Medal of Honor, George served with great

  distinction in World War II. He made a distinction, however, between World War II and Vietnam, which he considered an immoral conflict.

  distort V. /扭曲,歪曲/twist out of shape. It is difficult to believe the newspaper accounts of the riots because of the way

  some reporters distort and exaggerate the actual events. distortion, N.

  distraught ADJ. /使悲伤;使焦虑/upset; distracted by anxiety. The distraught parents frantically searched the ravine for

  their lost child.

  diurnal ADJ. /日常的/daily. A farmer cannot neglect his diurnal tasks at any time; cows, for example, must be milked

  regularly.

  diva N. /著名女歌唱家,天后;歌剧女主角/operatic singer; prima donna. Although world famous as a diva, she did not

  indulge in fits of temperament.

  diverge V. /多样的;各异的/vary; go in different directions from the same point. The spokes of the wheel diverge from

  the hub.

  divergent ADJ. /分歧的/differing; deviating. Since graduating from medical school, the two doctors have taken

  divergent paths, one going on to become a nationally prominent surgeon, the other dedicati ng himself to a small family practice in his home town. divergence, N.

  diverse ADJ. /丰富多样的/differing in some characteristics; various. The professor suggested diverse ways of

  approaching the assignment and recommended that we choose one of them. diversity, N.

  diversion N. /转移;解闷/act of turning aside; pastime. After studying for several hours, he needed a diversion from

  work. divert, V.

  diversity N. /多样性/variety; dissimilitude. The diversity of colleges in this country indicates that many levels of ability

  are being cared for.

  divest V. /剥夺/strip; deprive. He was divested of his power to act and could no longer govern. divestiture, N.

  divine V. /运用直觉,超能力;预见/perceive intuitively; foresee the future. Nothing infuriated Tom more than Aunt Polly's

  ability to divine when he was telling the truth.

  divulge V. /揭开,暴露/reveal. No lover of gossip, Charlotte would never divulge anything that a friend told her in

  confidence.

  docile ADJ. /驯服的,听话的;善良的/obedient; easily managed. As docile as he seems today, that old lion was once a

  ferocious, snarling beast. docility, N.

  doctrinaire ADJ. /教条的;顽固的/unable to compromise about points of doctrine; dogmatic; unyielding. Weng had

  hoped that the student-led democracy movement might bring about change in China, but the repressive response of the doctrinaire hard-liners crushed his dreams of democracy.

  doctrine N. /教育;学说/teachings, in general; particular principle (religious, legal, etc.) taught. He was so committed to

  the doctrines of his faith that he was unable to evaluate them impartially.

  document V. /书面证明/provide written evidence. She kept all the receipts from her business trip in order to document

  her expenses for the firm. also N.

  doff V. /脱/take off. A gentleman used to doff his hat to a lady.

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