对于初次参加SAT的考生来说,备考阶段的规划是很重要的,然而有些学生反应不知道该如何规划时间进行有效的复习,那么为了帮助大家更好的备战SAT考试,智课网小编为大家带来了关于SAT写作的相关内容,更多备考的精彩内容,欢迎关注智课网SAT频道。

  Normative social influence occurs when one conforms to be liked or accepted by the members of the group. It usually results in public compliance, doing or saying something without believing in it. There are various motives behind this, including personal survival strategy in a community.

  Solomon E. Asch was the first psychologist to study this phenomenon in the laboratory. He conducted a modification of Sherif’s study, assuming that when the situation was very clear, conformity would be drastically reduced. He exposed people in a group to a series of lines, and the participants were asked to match one line with a standard line. All participants except one were secretly told to give the wrong answer in 12 of the 18 trials. The results showed a surprisingly high degree of conformity. 76% of the participants conformed on at least one trial. On average people conformed one third of the time.[6] However, in a reinterpretation of the original data from these experiments Hodges and Geyer (2006)[7] found that Asch's subjects were not so conformist after all:

  The experiments provide powerful evidence for people's tendency to tell the truth even when others do not. They also provide compelling evidence of people's concern for others and their views.[8]:2

  By closely examining the situation in which Asch's subjects find themselves they find that the situation places multiple demands on participants: They include truth (i.e., expressing one's own view accurately), trust (i.e., taking seriously the value of others' claims), and social solidarity (i.e., a commitment to integrate the views of self and others without deprecating either). In addition to these epistemic values, there are multiple moral claims as well: These include the need for participants to care for the integrity and well-being of other participants, the experimenter, themselves, and the worth of scientific research.[8]:5

  以上内容由智课小编为大家整理的关于“SAT写作素材:Normative social influence”,希望可以帮助到大家,小编在此预祝大家在考试中取得好成绩!

展开显示全文