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  deposition N. /宣言,誓言/testimony under oath. He made his deposition in the judge's chamber.

  depravity N. /堕落,腐坏/extreme corruption; wickedness. The depravity of Caligula's behavior came to sicken even

  those who had willingly participated in his earlier, comparatively innocent orgies.

  deprecate V. /抗议;蔑视/express disapproval of; protest against; belittle. A firm believer in old-fashioned courtesy,

  Miss Post deprecated the modern tendency to address new acquaintances by their first names. deprecatory, ADJ.

  depreciate V. /折旧/lessen in value. If you neglect this property, it will depreciate.

  depredation N. /掠夺/plundering. After the depredations of the invaders, the people were penniless. deranged ADJ. /不理智/insane. He had to be institutionalized because he was mentally deranged.

  derelict ADJ. /遗弃的;废弃的/abandoned; negligent. The derelict craft was a menace to navigation. Whoever

  abandoned it in the middle of the harbor was derelict in living up to his responsibilities as a boat owner. also N.

  deride V. /打趣;取消/ridicule; make fun of. The critics derided his pretentious dialogue and refused to consider his play

  seriously. derision, N.

  derivative ADJ. /派生的/unoriginal; derived from another source. Although her early poetry was clearly derivative in

  nature,the critics thought she had promise and eventually would find her own voice.

  dermatologist N. /皮肤病专家/one who studies the skin and its diseases. I advise you to consult a dermatologist

  about your acne.

  Word List 14 derogatory -disgruntle

  derogatory ADJ. /贬低的,贬损的/expressing a low opinion. I resent your derogatory remarks.

  descant V. /全面而详细的讨论/discuss fully. He was willing to descant upon any topic of conversation, even when he

  knew very little about the subject under discussion. also N.

  descry V. /看到/catch sight of. In the distance, we could barely descry the enemy vessels.

  desecrate V. /亵渎/profane; violate the sanctity of. Shattering the altar and trampling the holy objects underfoot, the

  invaders desecrated the sanctuary.

  desiccate V. /弄干/dry up. A tour of this smokehouse will give you an idea of how the pioneers used to desiccate food

  in order to preserve it.

  desolate ADJ. /荒无人烟的/unpopulated. After six months in the crowded, bustling metropolis, David was so sick of

  people that he was ready to head for the most desolate patch of wilderness he could find.

  desolate V. /放弃/rob of joy; lay waste to; forsake. The bandits desolated the countryside, burning farms and carrying

  off the harvest.

  despise V. look on with scorn; regard as worthless or distasteful. Mr. Bond, I despise spies; I look down on them as

  mean, despicable, honorless men, whom I would wipe from the face of the earth with as little concern as I would scrape dog droppings from the bottom of my shoe.

  despoil V. /掠夺/plunder. If you do not yield, I am afraid the enemy will despoil the countryside.

  despondent ADJ. /忧郁的;沮丧的/depressed; gloomy. To the dismay of his parents, William became seriously

  despondent after he broke up with Jan; they despaired of finding a cure for his gloom. despondency, N.

  despot N. /暴君/tyrant; harsh, authoritarian ruler. How could a benevolent king turn overnight into a despot? destitute ADJ. /一贫如洗/extremely poor. Because they had no health insurance, the father's costly illness left the

  family destitute.

  desultory ADJ. /慢无目的的;断断续续的/aimless; haphazard; digressing at random. In prison Malcolm X set himself the

  task of reading straight through the dictionary; to him, reading was purposeful, not desultory.

  detached ADJ. /分离的/emotionally removed; calm and objective; physically unconnected. A psychoanalyst must

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