Because, because of, for, as, since, in that, be due to, given, considering, as long as, if, when, while, so, so that, therefore, thereby, as a result, consequently, accordingly, thus, hence, so…that…, so…as to…, then…
lead to, cause, reflect, result in, give rise to, derive from, result from, portray, present, bespeak, require, suggest, on the basis of, represent, be based on, for the reason that…, rely on, spring from, make, underlying…
49. The commentator characterized the electorate as ______ because it was unpredictable and given to constantly shifting moods.
A. mercurial B. corrosive C. disingenuous D. implacable E. phlegmatic
50. Thomas Hardy’s novels are described as ______ because of their preoccupation with daily life in rural and agricultural settings.
A. bucolic B. prolific C. lugubrious D. sundry E. metaphorical
51. In part of the Arctic, the land grades into the landfast ice so ____ that you can walk off the coast and not know you are over the hidden sea.
A. permanently B. imperceptibly C. regularly D. precariously E. slightly
52. The results of the experiments performed by Elizabeth Hazen and Rachel Brown were ____ not only because these results challenged old assumptions but also because they called the ____ methodology into question.
A. provocative... prevailing B. predictable ... contemporary C. inconclusive ... traditional
D. intriguing ... projected E. specious ... original
53. One critic asserts that modern urban architecture causes sensory deprivation because it fails to provide visual and tactile _______.
A. latency B. stimulation C. complacence D. confusion E. extension
54. Victor gained a reputation for being a ______ because he constantly bullied other children.
A. bungler B. ruffian C. stickler D. daredevil E. naysayer
55. The new vaccine is ______ preventing certain forms of pneumonia and should, therefore, be more widely ______ in order to prevent outbreaks of the disease.
A. required for…constrained B. unsuccessful in…distributed C. instrumental in…reconstituted
D. effective in…administered E. unverified for…disseminated
56. Since the foreign correspondent was accustomed to completing his assignments under ______ conditions, the commotion of the subway at rush hour presented no ______ his creativity.
A. squalid…boon for B. tranquil…obstruction to C. tumultuous…impediment to
D. destructive…demonstration of E. flagrant…benefit to
57. The anthropology professor hoped that his latest book would appeal to popular as well as to ______ readers, thereby earning him ______ in both realms.
A. general…disdain B. lay…attention C. academic…anonymity
D. avid…remuneration E. scholarly…acclaim
in order to, to, for, by, 分词短语, 不定式
58. Edith Wharton sought in her memoir to present herself as having achieved a harmonious wholeness by having ______ the conflicting elements of her life.
A. affirmed B. highlighted C. identified D. confined E. reconciled
59. Having sufficient income of her own constituted for Alice ______ independence that made possible a degree of ______ in her emotional life as well.
A. a material…security B. a profound…conformity C. a financial economy
D. a psychological…extravagance E. an unexpected…uncertainty
60. Communities in primitive areas where natural ______ is scarce must be resourceful in order to secure adequate nutrition.
A. education B. competition C. sustenance D. agriculture E. assistance
61. John Gielgud crowns a distinguished career of playing Shakespearean roles by giving a performance that is ______.
A. mediocre B. outmoded C. superficial D. unsurpassable E. insipid
62. Studies of ______ among turtles are sometimes ______ by the fact that the subjects live so long that researchers retire before the studies can be completed.
A. extinction…enhanced B. longevity...hampered C. behavior…belied
D. mortality…bolstered E. reproduction…confirmed
even, indeed, not only…but also…, almost…
63. Some skeptics consider the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence(SETI) to be _______, even foolish; others go so far as to accuse SETI scientists of outright ______ in applying skewed data.
A. misguided…remonstrance B. absurd…erudition C. plausible…lassitude
D. painstaking…fabrication E. wrongheaded…chicanery
64. In the seventeenth century, direct flouting of a generally accepted system of values was regarded as ______, even as a sign of madness.
A. adventurous B. frivolous C. willful D. impermissible E. irrational