cursive ADJ. /连接的/flowing, running. In normal writing we run our letters together in cursive form; in printing, we
separate the letters.
cursory ADJ. /匆匆忙忙的，粗略的/casual; hastily done. Because a cursory examination of the ruins indicates the
possibility of arson, we believe the insurance agency should undertake a more extensive investigation of the fire's cause.
curtail V. /缩减，减少/shorten; reduce. When Herb asked Diane for a date, she said she was really sorry she couldn't
go out with him, but her dad had ordered her to curtail her social life
cynical ADJ. /愤世嫉俗的/skeptical or distrustful of human motives. Cynical from birth, Sidney was suspicious
whenever anyone gave him a gift "with no strings attached." cynic, N.
cynosure N. /目标/the object of general attention. As soon as the movie star entered the room, she became the
cynosure of all eyes.
dabble V. /把…作为兴趣，涉足/work at in a non-serious fashion; splash around The amateur painter dabbled at art, but
seldom produced a finished piece. The children dabbled their hands in the bird bath, splashing one another gleefully.
dais N. /讲台/raised platform for guests of honor. When he approached the dais, he was greeted by cheers from the
people who had come to honor him.
dank ADJ. /潮湿的/damp. The walls of the dungeon were dank and slimy
dapper ADJ. /整洁的，整齐的/neat and trim. In " the Odd Couple" TV show, Tony Randall played Felix Unger, an
excessively dapper soul who could not stand to have a hair out of place.
dappled ADJ. /有斑点的/spotted. The sunlight filtering through the screens created a dappled effect on the wall.
daub V. /涂抹/smear (as with paint). From the way he daubed his paint on the canvas, I could tell knew nothing of oils.
daunt V. /沮丧/intimidate; frighten. "Boast all you like of your prowess. Mere words cannot daunt me," the hero
answered the villain.
dauntless ADJ. /不屈不挠的，大胆的/bold. Despite the dangerous nature of the undertaking, the dauntless soldier
volunteered for the assignment.
dawdle V. /游手好闲，混日子/loiter; waste time. We have to meet a deadline so don't dawdle; just get down to work. deadlock N. /僵局/standstill; stalemate. Because negotiations had reached a deadlock, some of the delegates had
begun to mutter about breaking off the talks. also V.
deadpan ADJ. /麻木的/wooden; impersonal. We wanted to see how long he could maintain his deadpan expression. dearth N. /缺乏/scarcity. The dearth of skilled labor compelled the employers to open trade schools.
debacle N. /崩溃，溃裂/sudden downfall; complete disaster. In the Air-plan movies, every flight turns into a debacle,
with passengers and crew members collapsing, engines falling apart, and carry-on baggage popping out of the overhead bins.
debase V. /贬低，降低/reduce in quality or value; lower in esteem; degrade. In The King and I, Anna refuses to kneel
down and prostrate herself before the king, for she feels that to do so would debase her position, and she will not submit to such debasement.
debauch V. /使堕落，放荡/corrupt; seduce from virtue. Did Socrates' teachings lead the young men of Athens to be
virtuous citizens, or did they debauch the young men, causing them to question the customs of their fathers? Clearly, Socrates' philosophical talks were nothing like the wild debauchery of the toga parties in Animal House.
debilitate V. /使衰弱，使虚弱/weaken; enfeeble. Michael's severe bout of the flu debilitated him so much that he was
too tired to go to work for a week.
debonair ADJ. /殷勤的，有礼貌的/friendly; aiming to please. The debonair youth was liked by all who met him, because
of his cheerful and obliging manner.