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  第一类:逻辑题——假设

  OG-P785:Jay, my physiotherapist, expressed himself similarly: “Adaptation follows a different path in each person. The nervous system creates its own paths. You are neurologist—you must see this all the time.”

  The physiotherapist’s remarks (lines 36-39) reveal the assumption that

  (A) patients have completely control over the progress of their recovery

  (B) each neurologist follows a different path to understanding

  (C) all neurologists are aware of the nervous system’s adaptability

  (D) the author is inadequately informed about the intricacies of the muscular system

  (E) some neurologists consider both healthy and injured brain processes to be parallel

  前提是“你是神经生物学家”,结论是“你一定会意识到这个过程”,那么其中的假设,就是把两者相同的部分去掉(前提和结论中都有的“你”),那么剩余的部分组成的一个新的论断即为正确选项,即:所有的神经生物学家都可以意识到这个过程。

  第二类:逻辑题——类比

  真题上册-OC题:

  Black holes are the most efficient engines of destruction known to humanity. Their intense gravity is a one-way ticket to oblivion, and material spiraling into them can heat up to millions of degrees and glow brightly. Yet, they are not all-powerful. Even super massive black holes are minuscule by cosmic standards. They typically account for less that one percent of their galaxy’s mass. Accordingly, astronomers long assumed that super massive holes, let alone their smaller cousins, would have little effect beyond their immediate neighborhoods. So it has come as a surprise over the past decade that black hole activity is closely intertwined with star formation occurring farther out in the galaxy.

  Q: Which of the following most resembles the relationship between “black hole activity” and “star formation” (lines11-12) as described in the passage?

  (A) A volcanic eruption on one continent results in higher rainfall totals on another continent.

  (B) Industrial emissions in one region lead to an increase an airborne pollutants in adjacent regions.

  (C) A drought in a wilderness area causes a significant loss of vegetation in that area

  (D) Decreased oil production in one country results in higher gas prices in oil-dependent countries.

  (E) Overfishing in a gulf leads to an increase in the population of smaller aquatic organisms.

  这道题的关键是找到题目中“类比的点”,当读者理解了题目所表现的关系时,就可以抽象出这个题目类比的点了,即“理论上不可能发生的实际却发生了”,然后通读选项,只有A符合这个类比的点,其他的选项都是“理论上可以发生,实际也发生”这么一点。

  以上内容由智课小编为大家整理的关于“SAT阅读逻辑假设和类比讲解”,希望可以帮助到大家,小编在此预祝大家在考试中取得好成绩!

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