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  1. good 只用作形容词,不用作副词,其副词形式用 well。如:

  He speaks good English. / He speaks English well. 他的英语说得好。

  2. well 既可用作副词,也可用作形容词。用作形容词时,其用法很有限,只表示“健康的”、“恰当的”或“令人满意的”等。如:

  She is very well. 她身体很好。

  Things are well with us. 我们事事如意。

  注:一般说来,well 用作形容词时,只用作表语而不用作定语(如上例),但在美国英语中,well 表示“身体健康”时有时也可用作定语。如:a well man (健康人)。

  3. 注意下面两组短语,含义相近,但搭配不同:

  (1) be good at 意为“擅长”。如:

  He is good at languages. 他擅长学语言。

  She is good at telling stories. 她擅于讲故事。

  注:表示擅长某一学科时,可以用介词 in 代替 at。如:

  He is good at [in] maths. 他擅长数学。

  但是若要表示擅长某一活动,则只能用 at 而不用 in。如:

  误:He is good in basketball.

  正:He is good at basketball. 他的篮球打得好。

  (2) do well in 意为“在……方面做得好”或“擅长”。如:

  She does well in history. 她的历史学得不错。

  They all did very well in the examination. 他们这次都考得很不错。

  4. 比较:as good as & as well as

  (1) 用于本义,两者均可表示“与……一样好”,但 good 是形容词,而 well 是副词。如:

  他说英语说得跟她一样好。

  正:He speaks English as well as her.

  正:His English is as good as hers.

  (2) 用于引申义,两者的意思很不相同:as good as 意为“几乎”、“差不多”(almost),as well as 意为“而且”。如:

  The work is as good as finished. 工作差不多干完了。

  He as good as said I’m a liar. 他无异于说我撒谎。

  We’re as good as ruined. 我们差不多完蛋了。

  She’s clever as well as beautiful. 她不但漂亮,而且聪明。

  Mary as well as her friends is going to Paris. 玛丽和她的朋友要去巴黎。

  As well as breaking his leg, he hurt his arm. 他不但摔断了腿, 而且还伤了胳膊。

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