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  素材适合题目类型:大众观点类、成功类、选择类

  Joseph Pulitzer

  Joseph Pulitzer is best known for posthumously establishing the Pulitzer Prizes to honor great contributors in the fields of journalism and literature, and the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism, one of the best journalism schools historically. But before that, he had already contributed enormously to the newspaper industry. He not only revived St. Louis Post Dispatch and New York World, but also introduced the techniques of "new journalism" and “yellow journalism” to newspapers, and thus appealed to readers with varieties of forms of news, entertainment and advertising.

  Nobody could imagine that such a newspaper tycoon as Joseph Pulitzer who crusaded against big business and corruption and advocated social reform could not even speak English when he first arrived in the US from Hungary. Besides, upon his arrival he had no money with him at all.

  What he did to live on was find a job position in a library, and meanwhile take several of other jobs such as cavalryman and lawyer. From these experiences he trained his language ability and accumulated knowledge by reading plenty of books as well as built an admirable personality and developed a global vision that prepared him well for his career. Soon he managed to be a good reporter and editor in Westliche Post. This was his turning point. From then on, he continued his development in the newspaper field and successfully expanded it to the political field.

  约瑟夫•普利策

  约瑟夫•普利策最为出名的是他死后以遗嘱的方式所建立的普利策奖(纪念在新闻领域和文学领域的杰出贡献者)和哥伦比亚大学新闻学院(历史上最好的新闻学院之一)。但在此之前,他已经为报刊产业做出了巨大贡献。他不仅重新为经营不善的《圣路易斯快报》和《世界报》注入活力,同时也为报纸引进了“新新闻法”和“黄色新闻法”,因此用各种形式的新闻、娱乐和广告吸引了大批读者。

  虽然像约瑟夫•普利策这样的报纸大亨能够大声反抗商业腐败,提倡社会改革,但他竟然在从匈牙利来美国之初连一句英文都不会。

  而且,在踏入美国的土地时他身无分文。为了维持生存,他所能做的就是在图书馆找到一份工作,在这里他可以任意借阅图书,并同时兼打几份工,比如当骑兵和律师。从这些经历中他渐渐地培养了语言能力,增长了知识,树立了不错的个性,并见多识广,这些都为他接下来的职业生涯奠定了很好的基础。不久他就成功成为了《西方邮报》不可多得的记者和编者,这便是他的职业转折点。至此以后,他在报业的生涯蒸蒸日上,也成功地进入政治圈。

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