chalice N. /圣餐杯/goblet; consecrated cup. In a small room adjoining the cathedral, many ornately decorated chalices
made by the most famous European goldsmiths were on display.
chameleon N. /变色龙/lizard that changes color in different situations. Like the chameleon, he assumed the political
thinking of every group he met.
champion V. /拥护/support militantly. Martin Luther King, Jr., won the Nobel Peace Prize because he championed
the oppressed in their struggle for equality.
Chaotic ADJ. /混乱/in utter disorder. He tried to bring order into the chaotic state of affairs. chaos, N.
charisma N. /魅力/divine gift; great popular charm or appeal of a political leader Political commentators have
deplored the importance of a candidate's charisma in these days of television campaigning.
charlatan N. /吹牛/quack; pretender to knowledge. When they realized that the Wizard didn't know how to get them
back to Kansas, Dorothy and her companions were indignant that they'd been duped by a charlatan.
chary ADJ. /谨慎;吝啬/cautious; sparing or restrained about giving. A prudent, thrifty, New Englander, DeWitt was as
chary of investing money in junk bonds as he was chary of paying people unnecessary compliments.
chasm N. /深渊/abyss. They could not see the bottom of the chasm.
chassis N. /底盘/framework and working parts of an automobile. Examining the car after the accident, the owner
discovered that the body had been ruined but that the chassis was unharmed.
chaste ADJ. /纯的/pure. Her chaste and decorous garb was appropriately selected for the solemnity of the occasion.
chasten V. /磨练/discipline; punish in order to correct. Whom God loves, God chastens. chastise V. /惩罚/punish. I must chastise you for this offense.
chauvinist N. /盲目爱国主义/blindly devoted patriot. A chauvinist cannot recognize any faults in his country, no matter
how flagrant they may be. Likewise, a male chauvinist cannot recognize his bias in favor of his own sex, no matter how flagrant that may be. chauvinistic, ADJ.
check V. /控制;阻止/stop motion; curb or restrain. Thrusting out her arm , Grandma checked Bobby's lunge at his
sister. "Young man," she said, "you'd better check your temper." (secondary meaning)
checkered ADJ. /多变的;像国际象棋棋盘一样的方格/marked by changes in fortune. During his checkered career he had
lived in palatial mansions and in dreary boardinghouses.
cherubic ADJ. /天真无邪/angelic; innocent-looking. With her cheerful smile and rosy cheeks, she was a particularly
chicanery N. /强辩，狡辩;欺骗/trickery; deception. Those sneaky lawyers misrepresented what occurred, made up all
sorts of implausible alternative scenarios to confuse the jurors, and in general depended on chicanery to win the case.
chide V. /斥责/scold. Grandma began to chide Steven for his lying.
chimerical ADJ. /不现实，空想/fantastically improbable; highly unrealis tic; imaginative. As everyone expected, Ted's
chimerical scheme to make a fortune by raising ermines in his back yard proved a dismal failure.
chisel N. /凿子/wedgelike tool for cutting. With his hammer and chisel, the sculptor chipped away at the block of
chisel V. /欺骗/swindle or cheat; cut with a chisel. That crook chiseled me out of a hundred dollars when he sold me
that "marble" statue he'd chiseled out of some cheap hunk of rock.
Chivalrous ADJ. /勇敢;诚实/courteous; faithful; brave. Chivalrous behavior involves noble words and good deeds. choleric ADJ. /易发怒的;脾气坏/hot-tempered. His flushed, angry face indicated a choleric nature.
choreography N. /舞蹈术;舞蹈记谱/art of representing dances in written symbols; arrangement of dances. Merce Cunningham has begun to use a computer in designing choreography. a software program allows him to compose arrangements of possible moves and immediately view them onscreen.