cavil V. /挑剔/make frivolous objections. It's fine when you make sensible criticisms, but it really bugs me when you
cavil about unimportant details. also N.
cede V. /放弃;屈服于;投降/yield (title, territory) to; surrender formally. Eventually the descendants of England's Henry II
were forced to cede their French territories to the King of France.
celebrated ADJ. /名人/famous well-known. Thanks to their race to break Roger Maris's home-run record, Sammy
Sosa and Mark McGwire are two of America's most celebrated baseball players. celebrity, N.
celerity N. /速度/speed; rapidity. Hamlet resented his mother's celerity in remarrying within a month after his father's
celestial ADJ. /天体的/heavenly. She spoke of the celestial joys that awaited virtuous souls in the hereafter.
celibate ADJ. /未婚的，独身的/unmarried; abstaining from sexual intercourse. The perennial bachelor vowed to remain
celibate. celibacy, N.
censor N. /审查/overseer of morals; person who reads to eliminate inappropriate remarks. Soldiers dislike having their
mail read by a censor but understand the need for this precaution. also V.
censorious ADJ. /批判的/critical. Censorious people delight in casting blame.
censure V. /责怪;批评/blame; criticize. The senator was censured for behavior inappropriate to a member of
Congress. also N.
centigrade ADJ. /华氏/measure of temperature used widely in Europe. On the centigrade thermometer, the freezing
point of water is zero degrees.
centrifugal ADJ. /离心;放舐/radiating; departing from the center. Many automatic drying machines remove excess
moisture from clothing by centrifugal force.
centripetal ADJ. /向心/tending toward the center. Does centripetal force or the force of gravity bring orbiting bodies to
the earth's surface?
centurion N. /百夫长/Roman army officer. Because he was in command of a company of one hundred soldiers, he
was called a centurion.
cerebral ADJ. /脑的;智力的/pertaining to the brain or intellect. The content of philosophical works is cerebral in nature
and requires much thought.
cerebration N. /思考/thought. Mathematics problems sometimes require much cerebration.
ceremonious ADJ. /隆重的/marked by formality. Ordinary dress would be inappropriate at so ceremonious an affair. certitude N. /确实/certainty. Though there was no certitude of his getting the job, Lou thought he had a good chance
of doing so.
cessation N. /停止/stoppage. The airline's employees threatened a cessation of all work if management failed to
meet their demands. cease,V.
cession N. /给与;割让/yielding to another; ceding. The cession of Alaska to the United States is discussed in this
chafe V. /摩擦;擦热/warm by rubbing; make sore (by rubbing). Chilled, he chafed his hands before the fire.
The collar of his school uniform chafed Tom's neck, but not as much the school's strict rules chafed his spirit. also N.
chaff N. /废物;糠;假货;开玩笑;打趣/worthless products of an endeavor. When you separate the wheat from the chaff,
be sure you throw out the chaff.
chaffing ADJ. /开玩笑/bantering; joking. Sometimes Chad's flippant, chaffing remarks annoy us. Still, Chad's chaffing
keeps us laughing. also N.
chagrin N. /伤自尊;委屈/vexation (caused by humiliation or injured pride); disappointment. Embarrassed by his
parents' shabby, working-class appearance, Doug felt their visit to his school would bring him nothing but chagrin. Someone filled with chagrin doesn't grin: he's too mortified.