对于初次参加SAT的考生来说,备考阶段的规划是很重要的,然而有些学生反应不知道该如何规划时间进行有效的复习,那么为了帮助大家更好的备战SAT考试,智课网小编为大家带来了关于SAT阅读的相关内容,更多备考的精彩内容,欢迎关注智课网SAT频道。

  看下面的一道试题:

  Opponents of laws that require automobile drivers and passengers to wear seat belts argue that in a free society people have the right to take risks as long as the people do not harm others as a result of taking the risks. As a result, they conclude

  that it should be each person's decision whether or not to wear a seat belt.

  Which o f the following, i f true, most seriously weakens the conclusion drawn abovel

  A) Many new cars are built with seat belts that automatically fasten when someone sits in the front seat.

  B) Automobile insurance rates for all automobile owners are higher because of the need to pay for the increased injuries or deaths of people not wearing seat belts.

  C) Passengers in airplanes are required to wear seat belts during takeoffs and landings.

  D) The rate of automobile fatalities in states that do not have mandatory seat-belt laws is greater than the rate of fatalities in states that do have such laws.

  E) In automobile accidents, a greater number of passengers who do not wear seat belts are injured than are passengers who do wear seat belts.

  首先要弄清楚本题的结论是什么,在本题中,结论是:系不系安全带应该是个人自

  己决定。论据是:在自由社会,人们只要不伤害到别人,有权选择冒险。言下之意,我不系安全带,出车祸死亡了和别人无关。这个逻辑推理看上去是成立的,但要进行weaken,必须要说明你不系安全带被车撞死了和别人其实是有关系的。顺着这个思维,

  我们不难找到正确答案B,即就是因为你不系安全带受伤或撞死了,保险公司为了支付你的费用,必须要向我们这些无辜者收取高额保费。这样,就把结论给weaken了。

  A选项其实无关,没有反驳到点子上。新车装有自动安全带不能用来削弱结论,新型安全带和本文无关,超出了题目的范围。同样,c谈的是飞机上系安全带的问题,也超出了本题的范围,飞机上要求乘客在起飞或降落的时候系安全带和一个人在驾驶时是否有权选择系安全带是没有任何关系的。就是说,一旦选项的主体和文章的主体发生改变,这个选项就很难用来weaken或support原文的结论了。

  同样,D和E只是说明系安全带的好处,陈述了一个事实,但不能用来反驳作者的结论。因为,D和E都没有抓住反驳的要点。我们要特别注意很多迷惑性选项本身是一个事实,但这个事实对原文的结论不能构成有效的反驳或支持。许多学生会误选这一类的选项,因为其看上去冠冕堂皇,言之有理,加之很多事实选项又似乎和原文有关系,所以迷惑性很大,学生很容易被牵着鼻子走。就像本题中的D和E,看上去讲的是安全带的问题,又讲的是不系安全带的危害,所以,学生就稀里糊涂地误选它们了。但即使它们本身正确,却不能对原结论进行支持或反驳,故都是错误选项。

  以上内容由智课小编为大家整理的关于“SAT阅读weaken题的解析”,希望可以帮助到大家,小编在此预祝大家在考试中取得好成绩!

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