auxiliary ADJ. / 辅助的/helper, additional or subsidiary. To prepare for the emergency, they built an auxiliary power
station. also N.
avalanche N. /雪崩/great mass of falling snow and ice. The park ranger warned the skiers to stay on the main trails,
where they would be in no danger of being buried beneath a sudden avalanche.
*avarice N. /贪婪，贪财/greediness for wealth. King Midas is a perfect example of avarice, for he was so greedy that he
wished everything he touched would turn to gold.
avenge V. /复仇/take vengeance for something (or on behalf of someone). Hamlet vowed he would avenge his
father's murder and punish Claudius for his horrible crime.
averse ADJ. /反对的/reluctant; disinclined. The reporter was averse to revealing the sources of his information.
aversion N. /厌恶，抵制/firm dislike. Bert had an aversion to yuppies; Alex had an aversion to punks. Their mutual
aversion was so great that they refused to speak to one another.
avert V. /转移;防止/prevent; turn away. She averted her eyes from the dead cat on the highway. *aviary N. /鸟舍/enclosure for birds. The aviary at the zoo held nearly 300 birds.
avid ADJ. /贪婪/greedy; eager for. He was avid for learning and read everything he could get. avidity, N.
avocation N. /副业，业余爱好/secondary or minor occupation. His hobby proved to be so fascinating and profitable that
gradually he abandoned his regular occupation and concentrated on his avocation.
avow V. /宣布/declare openly. Lana avowed that she never meant to steal Debbie's boyfriend, but no one believed her
avowal of innocence.
avuncular ADJ. /像伯父(叔叔)一样的/like an uncle. Avuncular pride did not prevent him from noticing his nephew's
awe N. /敬畏/solemn wonder. The tourists gazed with awe at the tremendous expanse of the Grand Canyon. awry ADV. /扭曲的;歪曲的/distorted; crooked. He held his head awry, giving the impression that he had caught cold in his
neck during the night. alsoADJ.
axiom N. /公理，自明的道理/self-evident truth requiring no proof. Before a student can begin to think along the lines of
Euclidean geometry, he must accept certain principles or axioms.
azure ADJ. /天蓝/sky blue. Azure skies are indicative of good weather. babble V. /嘟囔/chatter idly. The little girl babbled about her doll. also N.
bacchanalian ADJ. /喝醉的，耍酒疯/drunken. Emperor Nero attended the bacchanalian orgy.
badger V. /激怒，纠缠/pester; annoy. She was forced to change her telephone number because she was badgered by
obscene phone calls.
badinage N. /开玩笑，揶揄;取消/teasing conversation. Her friends at work greeted the news of her engagement with
baffle V. /挫败/frustrate; perplex. The new code baffled the enemy agents.
bait V. /欺负，玩弄，折磨/harass; tease. The school bully baited the smaller children, terrorizing them.
baleful ADJ. /恶意的，有害的/deadly; having a malign influence; ominous. The fortune teller made baleful predictions of
terrible things to come.
balk V. /反对;阻止/foil or thwart; stop short; refuse to go on. When the warden learned that several inmates were
planning to escape, he took steps to balk their attempt. However, he balked at punishing them by shackling them to the walls of their cells.
ballast N. /配重;沙袋/heavy substance used to add stability or weight. The ship was listing badly to one side; it was
necessary to shift the ballast in the hold to get her back on an even keel. also V.
balm N. /(止痛的)安慰物/something that relieves pain. Friendship is the finest balm for the pangs of disappointed love. balmy ADJ. /柔和的;芳香的/mild; fragrant. A balmy breeze refreshed us after the sultry blast.-