1. Whereas other societies look to the past for guidance, we cast our nets f orward.
2. It is the belief in a brighter future that gives us optimism.
3. The job of the parents is to give the children every opportunity while they are growing up and then get out of their way.
4. Just as not every Japanese is hardworking and deferential to superiors, not every Chinese is devoted to family, not every American is ambitious or patriotic—or even unsophisticated.
5. When half the population goes to college, one cannot expect the colleges to maintain the same standards as in countries where only the elite attend.
6. No one could seriously think that anyone who grows up poor, lives in a bad neighborhood, and attends an inferior school has an opportunity equal to that of someone more favored.
7. Current wisdom says that if you want a successful product, you need first to perform detailed market analysis, making sure that there are plenty of people who need the new product and that you entry into the market will be able to gain a significant share of that market.
8. The evidence suggests that, on balance, people today tend to concern them selves with only practical matters that are related to their life.
9. There is no doubt that hard work contributes to success, yet a person can work awfully hard and still achieve very little.
10. At first glance, it would seem that increased bureaucracy creates obstacles between the citizens and those who govern, thereby separating the two groups. Closer examination reveals, however, that in many ways government bureaucracy actually bridges the gap, and that new technologies now allow for ways around the gap.
1. The mere fact that ticket sales in recent years for screenplay-based movies have exceeded those for book-based movies is insufficient evidence to conclude that writing screenplays now provides greater financial opportunity for writers.
2. The argument simply equates success with movie ticket sales, which is unwarranted.
3. The argument fails to rule out the possibility that a writer engages in both types of writing as well as other types.
4. Moreover, the author provides no evidence that the realism of color photography is the reason for its predominance.
5. This assumption presents a false dilemma, since the two media are not necessarily mutually exclusive alternatives.
6. The argument ignores the factors—such as initiative, creativity, technical skills, and business judgment—that may be more important than the choice of medium in determining success in photography.
7. While this may be true in some cases, it is equally possible that only companies with products that are already best-sellers can afford the higher adrates that popular shows demand.
8. The author’s conclusion that switching to incineration would be more salutary for public health would be seriously undermined.
9. The author’s proposal is inconsistent with the author’s conclusion about the consequences of adopting an ethics code.
10. Consequently, unless the author can demonstrate that the city will incur expenses that are not covered by the increased revenues from these projects, the author’s concern about these issues is unfounded.